Two sides of the same coin? The association between suicide stigma and suicide normalisation

Aims: Evidence suggests that suicide stigma (i.e. negative attitudes towards persons affected by suicide/suicidality) and suicide normalisation (i.e. liberal attitudes towards suicide) are both associated with increased suicide risk. Despite conceptual similarities and potential interaction, suicide stigma and suicide normalisation have usually been investigated separately. We used cross-sectional data from a community sample to test […]

Societal reactions to suicide in Ghana: A qualitative study of experiences of the bereaved

Abstract. Background: Condemnatory reactions toward suicide are prevalent in Africa, yet no study has examined how society reacts to suicides from the perspective of suicide-bereaved persons. Aims: This qualitative study explored societal reactions to suicides so as to further our understanding of the problem in Ghana. Method: Using a semi-structured interview guide, we interviewed 45 close relations of 14 men who […]

On suicide.

Emile Durkheim, one of the fathers of modern sociology, was the first to suggest that suicide might be as much a response to society as an act of individual despair. When he looked at social, religious, or racial groups that had high incidences of suicide, he discovered that abnormally high or low levels of social […]

The Possibility of no Suicide

The president describes the past & future role of the American Association of Suicidology. It is the bridge that joins the various prevention, clinical, research, statistical, biological & experiential aspects of suicide. States that the goal for the future is to understand suicide through research, to prevent suicide through intervention & treatment, & to promote […]

Suicide in the Ukraine: Epidemiology, Knowledge, and Attitudes of the Population

The rate of suicide in the Ukraine is 24 per 100,000 population. It is higher in the rural areas & varies by region. Suicidal behaviour in the post-totalitarian society exists in a special social, psychological, & cultural context that creates obstacles for suicide prevention. The “Soviet syndrome is described. Research shows an ambivalence of feelings […]

Preventing Suicide

4 letters to the editor are presented. The 1st criticizes an article which portrayed suicide purely as a medical issue, ignoring widespread social problems. The 2nd letter is a response, by the authors of the original article, who explain their article was primarily directed towards physicians. The 3rd letter criticizes the assertion that increased suicide […]

Cultural Factors in the Present Prevalence of Suicide Among Older Persons

This brief article discusses the rising suicide rate among the elderly in Buenos Aires. The author suggests many social factors which account for increases suicide among the aged, including rapid urbanization, the decline to the extended family, political & economic crises, accelerating social change, & a “tense generational struggle for survival”. (VM)

National Suicide and Homicide Rates: Correlates Versus Predictors

Explored correlates of national suicide & homicide rates in 18 industrialized nations. A large set of social variables was factor-analyzed. Factors were correlated with suicide & homicide rates & with changes in these rates. Difference social variables were found to correlate with rates of suicide than with rates of homicide & different variables correlated with […]

Homelessness and Mental Illness: Who Resorts to State Hospitals?

Using data from a policy study of community mental health, this study addresses the issue of mental illness & homelessness by examining the incidence & subjective meaning of homelessness among patients in state hospitals. A significant portion (18%) of hospitalized mental patients attributed their admission to problems in housing. This group uses the hospital as […]

Deliberate Self-poisoning: A Symptom of Deprivation (IN: Current Research on Suicide and Parasuicide, ed. by S D Platt and N Kreitman)

This study examines the problem of self-poisoning in Cork, Ireland. The authors assert that this is a serious problem which is associated with a deprived environment, local authority housing, unemployment, interpersonal stress, & child neglect. The level of educational achievements in the high-rated wards is low, & young people may feel powerless. The authors conclude […]

Social and Cultural Aspects of Suicide and Attempted Suicide in Young People

This article discusses the impact of recent social & cultural changes in society which the author believes are responsible for rising suicide rates — especially among adolescents. The author believes that government interference in the family has weakened the family structure, & that economic growth & technical development has made higher education levels a requirement […]

Child Psychiatry in Japan

Changes in society associated with Japan’s rapid economic growth are affecting the mental health of children & families. Specific child psychiatry issues in Japan include developmental disabilities, reading retardation, school refusal, bullying, suicidal behavior in children & adolescents & psychosomatic & eating disorders.

Societal Trends and the World of the Adolescent (IN: Preventing Adolescent Suicide, ed. by D Capuzzi and L Golden)

This chapter discusses societal changes & their impact on adolescent development. The rapid growth that makes adolescence a time of difficult adjustment also must interact with such powerful forces as the onset of the “information society” & its ubiquitous computers, intense competition for fewer jobs, restructuring of traditional sex roles, the threat of nuclear war, […]

AAS Training Committee Bibliography

Presents a comprehensive reference list of publications on various aspects of suicide. (LH)

Suicide: a World Problem