The indirect effect of perceived burdensomeness on the relationship between indices of social support and suicide ideation in college students

Objective: Research has demonstrated that a lack of social support is related to suicide risk. This study examines perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide, as mechanisms of the social support–suicide relationship in college students. Method: The study consisted of 207 students from a Midwestern university. Data were collected from 2007 to 2008. Two […]

Paranoia and suicidality: A cross-sectional study in the general population

Paranoia and suicidality seem to be common traits expressing in the general population to varying degrees. This study aims to explore the association between both and to identify determinants of comorbidity. We interviewed a representative sample of the population in Andalusia (n = 4507) and assessed paranoia and suicidality utilizing the Spanish Green’s Paranoid Thoughts […]

Diversify your emotional assets: The association between the variety of sources of emotional support and thoughts of death or self-harm among US older adults

Using data from a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling older adults (age ≥ ≥ 65) (NHANES: n = 3,114), we examined the association between the variety in sources of emotional support and thoughts of death or self-harm in the past two weeks among US older adults and if such association is modified by gender and race/ethnicity. Overall, an additional category of […]

The mediator role of perceived social support in the relationship between difficulties in emotion regulation and suicide tendency

While literature maintained a strong association between emotion regulation skills and suicidal behavior, relatively less is known as to what extent this relationship goes through different dimensions of perceived social support. The purpose of the present study is to examine the possible mediator role of divergent aspects of perceived social support (family, friends, and significant […]

Social support, social network size, and suicidal ideation: A nine-year longitudinal analysis from the Mind Your Heart Study

Substantial research has investigated the impact of social support on the development and course of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. However, its measurement has been inconsistent, and different facets of social support may have differential effects on suicidal ideation (SI). The present study used data from 743 veterans recruited between 2008 and 2010 as part of the Mind […]

An analysis of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among transgender and gender diverse adults

Purpose Suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs) remain a pressing public health problem for transgender and gender diverse (TGD) persons. The goal of this study was to apply social-ecological and  minority stress frameworks to identify individual and interpersonal-level TGD-specifc STB risk and protective factors. Methods This is a secondary analysis of the 2015 United States Transgender […]

The role of perceived and objective social connectedness on risk for suicidal thoughts and behavior in late-life and their moderating effect on cognitive deficits

Objective Impaired cognition increases suicide risk while social connectedness protects against suicide risk in late life. We examined the independent and interactive effects of social connectedness and cognition on suicide risk in late life. Methods Participants included 570 individuals aged 50+ from a late-life suicide study. The Interpersonal Support Evaluation List and Social Network Index […]

An empirical test of a mediation model of the impact of the traditional male gender role on suicidal behavior in men

Background: Men die by suicide three to four times more often than women in Western countries. The adverse impact of the traditional male gender role as well as men’s reluctance to seek help are possible explanations of this gender gap, but these hypotheses have not been well documented empirically. Methods: This study compares two groups of men […]

Personal, criminal and social predictors of suicide attempts in prison

Previous epidemiological analyses indicate that specific demographic and criminal factors might be associated with suicide attempts during incarceration. However, there is a relative lack of research examining the role of social variables such as perceived social support. Data from 943 male inmates enrolled from three correctional facilities in Spain were collected. Participants completed self-report measures […]

Prevalence of moderate and acute suicidal ideation among a national sample of tribal college and university students 2014-2015

To examine the relationship between suicide risk and hazardous drinking, depression, and anxiety, adjusting for demographics, among tribal college students across the United States. Methods. We invited tribal college students enrolled in 22 tribal colleges from fall 2014 and 2015 to participate in the Creating Campus Change study, a cross-sectional online/paper survey assessing alcohol use […]

Social closeness and support are associated with lower risk of suicide among U.S. Army soldiers.

Abstract Objective: We tested the aspects of social support, unit cohesion, and religiosity hypothesized to be protective factors for suicide among U.S. service members. Methods: This case–control study compared U.S. Army soldiers who died by suicide while on active duty (n = 135) to controls of two types: those propensity scorematched on known sociodemographic risk […]

Social support and suicidal ideation among prisoners with major depressive disorder

This study explored the impact of social support on suicidal ideation in 169 prisoners with major depressive disorder, accounting for known demographic, criminological, and clinical risk factors. Greater social support was associated with a lower likelihood of the presence of current suicide ideation. This effect remained significant even after adjusting for other significant predictors of […]

Suicide prevention strategies for older persons: An integrative review of empirical and theoretical papers

Aim: To synthesize suicide prevention strategies for older adults. The review question was Which suicide prevention strategies are useful for older adults? Design: Integrative review. Data sources: Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, Ovid PsycINFO and PubMed were searched for articles published between January 2009 and December 2019. Review methods: An integrative review of quantitative, qualitative and theoretical papers with a […]

Posttraumatic stress disorder symptom clusters, suicidal ideation, and social support in a clinical adolescent sample

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a risk factor for adolescent suicidal ideation (SI). This study explored the relation between PTSD symptom clusters and SI, and whether social support moderates this association, in a cross-sectional, adolescent, clinical sample (N = 125). We hypothesized that each cluster would be positively associated with SI severity and that social support would buffer […]

Childhood abuse and suicidal behaviors among Chinese migrant workers: The mediating role of alexithymia and social support

This study aims to investigate the lifetime prevalence of suicidal behaviors in a sample of Chinese migrant workers. It also examined the mediating role of alexithymia and social support in the link between childhood abuse and suicidal behaviors. A total of 1,563 migrant workers were surveyed by using cluster sampling. Results showed that the estimated […]

Family members’ perspectives on family and social support available to suicidal patients, and health systems’ interactions and responses to suicide cases in Alberta: Protocol for a quantitative research study

Background: Suicide is a major cause of preventable death globally and a leading cause of death by injury in Canada. To support people who experience suicidal thoughts and behaviors and to ultimately prevent people from dying by suicide, it is important to understand individual and familial experiences with the health care system. Objective: We present the protocol […]

Intensive supportive ambulatory aftercare may increase adherence to treatment and decrease depressive symptoms inpatients after a suicide attempt

Objectives Patients who survive a suicide attempt present an increased risk of relapse during the three months after discharge from a hospital, referred to herein as the post-discharge period. Developing and assessing the efficacy and safety of methods that reduce the risk of relapse in the post-discharge period is critical for professionals in the field […]

Cultural differences in reactions to suicidal ideation: A mixed methods comparison of Korea and Australia

There is evidence for cultural differences in mental health symptoms and help-seeking, but no past research has explored cultural differences in how people react to suicidal ideation communicated by others. Layperson reactions are critical, because the majority of people who experience suicidal ideation disclose to friends or family. Participants were 506 people aged 17-65 recruited […]

The role of social support in the association between childhood adversity and adolescent self-injury and suicide: Findings from a statewide sample of high school students

Extensive literature documents that adverse childhood experiences increase risk for non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide behaviors among adolescents. However, few studies have examined patterns of co-occurring family based adversities, whether distinct patterns of adversity are differentially associated with NSSI and suicide behaviors, and if social support can offset the impact of adversity for these behaviors. […]

Factors affecting suicide attempters visiting emergency departments: Through a focus on acquired capability with rehearsal for suicide, negative urgency, and social support

This study examines how acquired capability for suicide, negative urgency, and social support effectuate a suicide attempt. Sixty-three adults having visited an emergency room due to a suicide attempt were studied. The results can be summarized as follows. First, there were no significant sex differences in acquired capability for suicide, negative urgency, and social support. […]

Social support and its effects on attempted suicide among American Indian/Alaska Native youth in New Mexico

Objective: How social support (SS) affects the odds of suicide attempt among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth in New Mexico and is modified by school location and metropolitan status. Methods: Multiple logistic regression for complex design was used to produce the adjusted odds of suicide attempt by SS using the New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (NM-YRRS) […]

Unit cohesion and social support as protective factors against suicide risk and depression among National Guard service members

Introduction: Suicide and depression continue to be pervasive problems across military populations, including within the National Guard. Existing literature highlights the protective effects of social support and unit cohesion for both suicide risk and depression, yet to our knowledge, these associations have never been confirmed in National Guard populations. Thus, the aim of this study […]

Relative importance of social support and social connectedness as protective factors of suicidal ideation among selected Filipino late adolescents

About 800,000 people die of suicide each year worldwide (World Health Organization, 2018). Many of these can be expected to be adolescents. Key protective factors have been found to buffer the risk of suicide (Suicide Prevention Resource Center, 2018). This study investigated the relative importance of two protective factors—social support and social connectedness—in a convenience […]