Understanding people’s experiences of the formal health and social care system for co-occurring heavy alcohol use and depression through the lens of relational autonomy: A qualitative study

Background and aims: Heavy alcohol use and depression commonly co-occur. However, health and social care services rarely provide coordinated support for these conditions. Using relational autonomy, which recognizes how social and economic contexts and relational support alter people’s capacity for agency, this study aimed to (1) explore how people experience formal care provision for co-occurring alcohol […]

Social relationships as factors influencing mental health and suicide among learners in Nigeria

This study examined social relationships as factors influencing mental health and suicide among learners in Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide in the study. The descriptive research design was used to conduct the study. The population of this study consisted of all  undergraduate students in the faculties of University of […]

Suicidality and protective factors among sexual and gender minority youth and adults in Canada: A cross‑sectional, population‑based study

Background Sexual and gender minority populations experience elevated risks for suicidality. This study aimed to assess prevalence and disparities in non-fatal suicidality and potential protective factors related to social support and health care access among sexual and gender minority youth and adults and their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts in Canada. The second objective was to […]

Perceived discrimination and suicidal ideation among impoverished and nonimpoverished college students: Different mechanisms via social support, depressive symptoms, and nonsuicidal self-injury

Introduction: Being discriminated against is a potential interpersonal factor leading to suicidal ideation. Compared to nonimpoverished students, impoverished students have disadvantages in different aspects, leading to high risks of negative psychological states. However, few studies have contrasted the mechanism of discrimination in suicidal ideation between impoverished and nonimpoverished college students. The present study aimed to contrast […]

Depression and suicidality: The roles of social support and positive mental health

Objective: Despite being preventable, suicide remains a leading cause of death globally, with depression being one of the more prominent risk factors. This study examines the roles of social support and positive mental health in the depression-suicidality pathway. Methods: We utilized data from the Singapore Mental Health Study 2016. Social support and positive mental health […]

Effects of social support on suicide-related behaviors in patients with severe mental illness: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Objective: Patients with severe mental illness have a high risk of suicide and frequently living eliminated from mainstream society, but the effects of social support on suicide-related behaviors among this crowd is inconclusive. The present study aimed to explore such effects among patients with severe mental illness. Methods: We implemented a meta-analysis and a qualitative analysis of […]

Heterosexism and suicidal ideation: Racial differences in the impact of social support among sexual minority adults

Background: Heterosexism has been identified as being a contributing factor of suicidality in sexual minority adults (SMA), and social support is believed to be important for mitigating these effects. Research evaluating racial/ethnic differences in suicidality among SMA is limited despite racial/ethnic minorities being at greater risk. Aims: We aimed to examine the associations between heterosexism, suicidal ideation, and […]

Coping, social support, and suicide attempts among homeless adolescents

Background: Homeless youth are a population at risk for suicidal behavior. Despite growing knowledge about risk factors, protective factors against suicidal behavior among this population are still poorly understood. Aims: To explore differences in coping and social support between homeless adolescents who attempted suicide and those who did not. Method: In total, 76 homeless adolescents from eight different shelters provided […]

Social support and mental health among transgender and nonbinary youth in Quebec

Purpose: Transgender and nonbinary (TNB) youth face elevated levels of discrimination, stigma, mental health disorders, and suicidality when compared with their cisgender counterparts. Family and school support may mitigate some of the effects of the stressors facing TNB youth. This study aimed to better understand the impact of each of these sources of support on TNB […]

Prevalence of suicidality and associated factors of suicide risk in a representative community sample of families in three East African refugee camps

Purpose To assess the prevalence of suicidality and associated factors of suicide risk in a sample of Burundian refugee families living in three refugee camps in Tanzania. Methods Children (n = 230) and their parents (n = 460) were randomly selected and interviewed about suicidality (suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts) and a range of sociodemographic, psychological, and environmental factors. […]

Suicide-related stigma and social responsibility moderate the effects of an online suicide prevention gatekeeper training program

Aim: Gatekeeper interventions are universal programs designed for use by the general public that provide brief training sessions in responding to suicidal risk. To date, the evidence base for the efficacy of gatekeeper intervention training programs has been mixed. However, little attention has been paid to potential psychological moderators of the efficacy of suicide gatekeeper interventions. […]

Veteran experiences with suicide ideation, suicide attempt, and social support in safety planning within the Department of Veterans Affairs

Introduction This evaluation examined the role of safety plans, one of a host of clinical suicide prevention interventions available for veterans through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs’ national network of health care facilities managed by the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Materials and Methods Interviews were conducted with veterans who had experienced suicidal ideation […]

Suicidal ideation of people living with HIV and its relations to depression, anxiety and social support

Background The HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome) remains a global threat to health. Suicidal ideation has been a serious public health problem among people living with HIV (PLWH). However, the suicide prevention mechanism among PLWH still unclear. This study aims to analyze the suicidal ideation and its related factors in PLWH, and further […]

Social support reduces the risk of unfavorable parenting styles for suicidal behaviors in early adolescents

Objective: Depression and perceived stress are important risk factors for suicidal behaviors among adolescents. The current study examined the joint effects of parenting styles on suicidal ideation (SI) and attempt (SA) in early adolescents while considering relevant individual factors, and evaluated whether social support can offset the risk. Methods: The present study was part of a large […]

Utilized social support and self-esteem mediate the relationship between perceived social support and suicide ideation: A test of a multiple mediator model

Background: While perceived social support has received considerable research as a protective factor for suicide ideation, little attention has been given to the mechanisms that mediate its effects. Aims: We integrated two theoretical models, Joiner’s (2005) interpersonal theory of suicide and Leary’s (Leary, Tambor, Terdal, & Downs, 1995) sociometer theory of self-esteem to investigate two hypothesized mechanisms, […]

The moderating role of social support on the relationship between impulsivity and suicide risk

Background: Suicide is the second leading cause of death among college students. There has been considerable research into risk factors for suicide, such as impulsivity, but considerably less research on protective factors. Aims: The present study examines the role that social support plays in the relationship between impulsivity and suicide risk. Methods: Participants were 169 undergraduates who completed self-report measures […]

What do we know about needs for help after suicide in different parts of the world? A phenomenological perspective

Background: “A person’s death is not only an ending: it is also a beginning – for the survivors. Indeed, in the case of suicide, the largest public health problem is neither the prevention of suicide (…), nor the management of attempts (…), but the alleviation of the effects of stress in the survivor-victims of suicidal deaths, […]

The effects of situational obstacles and social support on suicide- prevention gatekeeper behaviors

Background: Although the effectiveness of suicide-prevention gatekeeper-training programs in improving knowledge, attitudes, and referral practices has been documented, their effects do not seem to be lasting. Aims: This study investigated situational obstacles at work that prevent suicide-prevention gatekeepers from engaging in suicide-prevention behavior and the role of social support in modifying the relationship between situational obstacles and […]

Is the emotional response of survivors dependent on the consequences of the suicide and the support received?

Background: Despite numerous studies that have assessed emotional reactions of people bereaved by suicide, many questions in this field are not yet clarified. Aims: The purpose of the present study was to explore how emotional reactions of those bereaved by suicide depend on their gender, the relationship to the deceased, the consequences (“only negative,” “negative and positive,” […]

The impact of the 2009 Red River Flood on interpersonal risk factors for suicide

Background: Natural disasters are frequently associated with increases in risk factors for suicide, yet research indicates that suicide rates tend to stay the same or decrease in the wake of disasters (e.g., Krug et al., 1999). Aims: The present research sought to shed light on this counterintuitive phenomenon by testing hypotheses derived from Joiner’s (2005) interpersonal-psychological theory […]

Considerations for developing online bereavement support groups

The loss of a family member or friend can have profound psychological and physical implications, particularly for individuals without bereavement support services. Online support groups can be an effective means of extending services beyond the traditional modes of delivery. This is especially true for populations that include isolated individuals and those with limited support networks, […]

Association of social support during adolescence with depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation in young adults

Objective  To test whether social support in emerging adulthood protects against later depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation and suicide attempts after adjusting for a range of confounders, including prior mental health problems and family characteristics. Design, Setting, and Participants  This population-based cohort study included 1174 participants from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development. Participants underwent yearly […]

The suicidal ideation of disaster victims: A nationwide cross-sectional study

Purpose: Various natural and human made disasters occur worldwide. This study aimed to identify the factors affecting suicidal ideation in victims of disasters such as typhoons, heavy rainfall, fires, and earthquakes. Methods: Data were obtained from a long-term survey on life changes among disaster victims conducted in 2019 by the National Disaster Management Research Institute. […]