Suicide-related stigma and social responsibility moderate the effects of an online suicide prevention gatekeeper training program
Aim: Gatekeeper interventions are universal programs designed for use by the general public that provide brief training sessions in responding to suicidal risk. To date, the evidence base for the efficacy of gatekeeper intervention training programs has been mixed. However, little attention has been paid to potential psychological moderators of the efficacy of suicide gatekeeper interventions. […]
Background: Suicide is a major cause of premature death in Italy and occurs at different rates in the various regions. Aims: The aim of the present study was to provide a comprehensive overview of suicide in the Italian population aged 15 years and older for the years 1980-2006. Methods: Mortality data were extracted from the Italian Mortality Database. […]
COVID-19 response measures have increased social isolation and stress and made it harder to get mental health care. These factors may exacerbate existing mental illness and contribute to heightened risk of self-harm and suicide. • Self-harm occurs most frequently among young females and non-binary individuals, while the suicide rate is highest among middle-aged males. Populations […]
Longitudinal effects of physical and social neighbourhood change on suicide mortality: A full population cohort study among movers and non-movers in the Netherlands
Associations between the residential neighbourhood environment and suicide mortality are well-established; however, most evidence is cross-sectional and not capable of incorporating place-based and residential moving-related neighbourhood changes. We studied how suicide mortality is associated with changes in the physical and social neighbourhood environment for movers and non-movers. Our retrospective analysis was based on longitudinal register data for […]
Publications on mental health and psychosocial considerations during the COVID-19 outbreak and on the psychological effects of quarantine provide important information and recommendations. These are important publications that should be translated to the field for all three levels of suicide prevention: primary, secondary, and tertiary. These publications include sections on urgent mental health issues such […]
Social status and suicidal activity among psychiatric patients: Moderating effects of gender, race and psychiatric diagnosis
The relationship between suicide and social class has proved to be complex. Durkheim predicted suicide rates would increase with social status, while others thought the opposite. Results have been mixed. In some studies, suicidality has increased with increasing social status, and in other studies, the two variables have had an inverse relationship. These studies have […]
Investigating the relationship between social and economic policy views, firearm ownership, and death by firearm in a sample of suicide decedents
Extant literature provides evidence for the frequent use and lethality of firearms in suicide and the ability of means safety measures to prevent suicides; however, little evidence exists to provide an understanding of the characteristics that differentiate suicide decedents who die by firearm from those who die by other methods. In this study, we build […]
Social and emotional learning (SEL) is a framework for developing social and emotional competencies that is gaining interest in Canada and the United States. The purpose of this issue brief is to provide an overview of the field of social and emotional learning in Canada, particularly within the education system. It presents a concise synopsis of […]
The financial turmoil that began in 2007 has developed into a full-blown economic crisis in many countries. This crisis is likely to have a negative impact on health, especially mental health. The full health impact of the crisis remains to be seen, but reports of negative mental health effects have already emerged. For instance, an […]
A person’s mental health and many common mental disorders are shaped by various social, economic, and physical environments operating at different stages of life. Risk factors for many common mental disorders are heavily associated with social inequalities, whereby the greater the inequality the higher the inequality in risk. The poor and disadvantaged suffer disproportionately, but […]
Constructing the Suicide Risk Index (SRI): Does it work in predicting suicidal behavior in young adults mediated by proximal factors?
Association between suicidal ideation and exposure to suicide in social relationships among family, friend, and acquaintance survivors in South Korea.
Exposure to suicide in social relationships may be associated with suicidal ideation among survivors. In South Korea, which is known for having the highest suicide rate among OECD countries, exposure to suicide in social relationships can have serious consequences as social relationships are greatly emphasized in the society. The purpose of this study was to […]
The success of gay-straight alliances in Waterloo Region, Ontario: A confluence of political and social factors.
This article outlines how gayÐstraight alliances (GSAs) work to connect youth with community resources, and outlines the political and social context of GSAs in Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada. Discusses how the confluence of government and school board policy and community agency support facilitates the implementation, maintenance, and success of GSAs.
By treating the suicide as a social fact, Durkheim envisaged that suicide rates should be determined by the connections (or the lack of them) between people and society. Under the same framework, Durkheim considered that crime is bound up with the fundamental conditions of all social life and serves a social function. In this sense, […]
On and off the reservation: A discussion of the social, physical, and mental health indicators of suicide in the Native American Community.
Mamow-Sha-way-gi-kay-win: North-South Partnership for Children represents a coalition of individuals & organizations from southern Ontario who have partnered with First Nations communities in 30 remote northern locations. This paper draws on the experiences of the Partnership in the development of a unique approach to improving life conditions of northern First Nations peoples in Ontario. A […]
Suicidal behavior is illegal in Uganda. There are no reliable public suicide statistics, but studies indicate that the rates of both suicide and nonfatal suicidal behavior are higher for men than for women. This study examined Ugandan menÕs perceptions of what causes and what prevents suicide as well as their attitudes towards suicide and suicide […]
Focussing on the nineteenth century, this article will show how the crime of instigating suicide emerged as part of an (inadequate) effort to correct the abuses of serfdom in Russia, but would, by the 1860s, become a (likewise inadquate) tool to regulate familial relations – specifically, the abuse of wives & children. In both periods, […]
Drawing on the civil society & civic community literatures, this study applies the theory of social capital to the study of suicide. Macro-level data are analyzed to determine the relationship between the social capital of an area & the prevalence of suicide. Negative binomial regression is used to examine American counties of 100,000 residents or […]
The Legacy of Lucretia: Rape-Suicides in art, 509 BC-2008 (IN: Suicide and the Creative Arts, edited by S Stack & D Lester)
While rape is a known risk factor for suicidality in both men & women, it has received relatively little attention in suicidology. There is also a relative lack of attention to the extent to which & how rape-suicide has been covered in various art forms. It is clear that one portrayal of rape-suicide, that of […]