Social relationships as factors influencing mental health and suicide among learners in Nigeria

This study examined social relationships as factors influencing mental health and suicide among learners in Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide in the study. The descriptive research design was used to conduct the study. The population of this study consisted of all  undergraduate students in the faculties of University of […]

Characteristics of incel forum users: Social network analysis and chronological posting patterns

Incels, Involuntary Celibates, are men who both struggle with lack of sexual and romantic relationships and participate in online communities espousing a misogynistic ideology. This study characterizes users of three popular Incel forums. Using network analysis and community detection, we identify their main issues and interests and assess whether interests predated or followed their initial participation […]

Risky integration: A social network analysis of network position, exposure, and suicidal ideation among homeless youth

Background: Although the protective value of social connectedness is emphasized in suicide prevention programming, little is known about the relationship between connectedness in high-risk runaway and homeless youth (RHY) networks and suicidal ideation. Aims: The study examined how social connectedness, in the form of social network position and network exposures, was associated with suicidal ideation […]

Social connections among persons with and without mental health-related disabilities, 2020

Persons with mental health-related disabilities were less likely than those without mental health-related disabilities to have three or more close friends and relatives. Those with mental health-related disabilities were also less likely to have ten or more local contacts. Level of satisfaction with contact with friends and with relatives was lower for persons with mental […]

Responses to a self-presented suicide attempt in social media: A social network analysis

Background: The self-presentation of suicidal acts in social media has become a public health concern. Aims: This article centers on a Chinese microblogger who posted a wrist-cutting picture that was widely circulated in Chinese social media in 2011. This exploratory study examines written reactions of a group of Chinese microbloggers exposed to the post containing a self-harming […]

An adolescent suicide cluster and the possible role of electronic communication technology

Background: Since the development of Centers for Disease Control’s (CDC) guidelines for the management of suicide clusters, the use of electronic communication technologies has increased dramatically. Aims: To describe an adolescent suicide cluster that drew our attention to the possible role of online social networking and SMS text messaging as sources of contagion after a suicide and obstacles […]

Suicide announcement on Facebook

Background: The media and the Internet may be having an influence on suicidal behavior. Online social networks such as Facebook represent a new facet of global information transfer. The impact of these online social networks on suicidal behavior has not yet been evaluated. Aims: To discuss potential effects of suicide notes on Facebook on suicide prevention and […]

Integrating medical examiner and police report data: Can this improve our knowledge of the social circumstances surrounding suicide?

Background: Recently, suicide in the United States has begun to be viewed as a preventable public health issue. This has led to the creation of a National Violent Death Reporting System that collects and integrates data on the social circumstances surrounding suicides. Aims: The study examines data on social circumstances surrounding suicides as collected by the medical […]

The social roots of suicide: Theorizing how the external social world matters to suicide and suicide prevention

The past 20 years have seen dramatic rises in suicide rates in the United States and other countries around the world. These trends have been identified as a public health crisis in urgent need of new solutions and have spurred significant research efforts to improve our understanding of suicide and strategies to prevent it. Unfortunately, […]

Social network structure as a suicide prevention target

Introduction: The structure of relationships in a social network affects the suicide risk of the people embedded within it. Although current interventions often modify the social perceptions (e.g., perceived support, sense of  belonging) for people at elevated risk, few seek to directly modify the structure of their surrounding social networks. We show social network structure […]

Social network subtypes among socially disconnected older adults at risk for suicide: A latent class analysis

Objectives We sought to characterize the social networks of older adults who report feeling lonely or like a burden on others, psychological states that are associated with risk for suicide according to the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide. Methods We used a latent class analysis to identify distinct groups of older adults based on social network […]

Daily-level assessment of the contexts under which seeking social support relates to risk of suicidal thinking

Introduction Perceived social support is a well-established protective factor against suicidal ideation, yet few studies have examined how actually seeking social support relates to suicidal ideation. We investigated the contexts under which social support seeking may be related to greater, or lesser, suicidal ideation. Methods Undergraduates completed ecological momentary assessments up to 6 times daily. […]

Substance use frequency relates to suicidal ideation through perceived burdensomeness and to suicide attempts through capability for suicide

Background Although substance use has been linked to both suicidal ideation and suicide attempts, the factors underlying these relations remain unclear. The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (ITS) provides a framework for understanding how substance use may increase suicide risk. The purpose of the current study was to examine if frequency of substance use is indirectly […]

Perfectionistic self-presentation, socially prescribed perfectionism, self-oriented perfectionism, interpersonal hopelessness, and suicidal ideation in U.S. adults: Reexamining the social disconnection model

Objective Research has linked perfectionism to increased suicidal ideation (SI), although less is known regarding the mechanisms that explain this relation. The Perfectionism Social Disconnection Model (PSDM) posits that interpersonal aspects of perfectionism cause interpersonal problems (e.g., hostility, loneliness) which in turn increase a person’s risk for experiencing SI. The present study aimed to replicate […]

Few do and to few: Disclosure of suicidal thoughts in friendship networks of young adults experiencing homelessness

Disclosure of one’s suicidal thoughts is a pivotal but under-investigated mechanism for preventing suicide among young adults experiencing homelessness (YAEH). In a sample of 527 YAEH, we adopted a multi-level perspective to assess patterns and correlates of disclosure in their friendship networks. Less than one-third of YAEH disclosed their suicidal thoughts—half of them doing so […]

Online extreme challenges putting children at risk: What we know to date

Introduction: Extreme online challenges consist in taking part in challenges proposed on web and sharing the results in videos posted on social media. The use of social networks is widespread among the very young, giving easy access to potentially dangerous content with consequences on health. Evidence acquisition: The aim of this literature review is to describe the […]

The effect of social network strain on suicidal ideation among middle-aged adults with adverse childhood experiences in the US: A twelve-year nationwide study

Objective: Building on literature that measured the association between social network strain (SNS) and suicidal ideation using conventional regression analyses, we examined the effect of SNS, due to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), on suicidal ideation using instrumental variables (IV) to eliminate the potential biases that may have occurred in earlier studies due to residual confounding. Methods: This […]

Disconnect to reconnect: Breaking down barriers and enhancing social connections amongst the Indigenous communities & education institutions

Various studies have been conducted in recent years on the social isolation of the general population and marginalized Indigenous communities. Research done by CSCS (2021), indicates that Indigenous  people were just as likely as other populations to be at risk for loneliness, however, lower incomes and mental health disabilities caused greater scores in social isolation. […]

Social support, social network size, and suicidal ideation: A nine-year longitudinal analysis from the Mind Your Heart Study

Substantial research has investigated the impact of social support on the development and course of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. However, its measurement has been inconsistent, and different facets of social support may have differential effects on suicidal ideation (SI). The present study used data from 743 veterans recruited between 2008 and 2010 as part of the Mind […]

Suicide bereavement and social relationships: A new application of Durkheim (IN Facing Death: Familial Responses to Illness and Death Volume 19, edited by C.L. Scott, H.M. Williams & S. Wilder)

Purpose: The author seeks to identify how suicide-bereaved individuals conceptualize their relationships with deceased loved ones. The author engages Durkheim’s theory of suicide to provide a new framework to analyze this population. Methodology: The author uses qualitative research and coding methods to produce a secondary analysis of previously collected interview transcripts. Findings: The author concludes that participants experience […]

Social network differences between American Indian youth who have attempted suicide and have suicide ideation

Suicide is a crucial public health concern for American Indian and Alaska native (AIAN) communities. AIANs have the highest suicide rate compared to all other ethnic groups in the United States. Social relations are a salient fixture of AIAN culture. The primary aims of this study were to describe the personal networks of AI youth […]

Association of online risk factors with subsequent youth suicide-related behaviors in the US

Objective  To evaluate the association between a variety of online risk factors and youth suicide-related behavior using real-world online activity data. Design, Setting, and Participants  A matched case-control study was conducted from July 27, 2019, to May 26, 2020, with the sample drawn from more than 2600 US schools participating in an online safety monitoring program via […]

Burden, belonging, and homelessness: Disclosure and social network differences among LGBTQ youth recruited from a suicide crisis service provider

Among LGBTQ youth, suicidality and homelessness occur at heightened rates. Using the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (ITS), this study seeks to explore the associations of having a parent, family member, friend, or romantic partner in one’s social network and not being “out” to specific network members (lack of disclosure) with ITS constructs (perceived burdensomeness and […]