Social media use, mental health, and suicide-related outcomes in Russian women: A cross-sectional comparison between two age groups

Background: Women who belong to the age group “emerging adulthood” (18 to 29 years) are vulnerable to mental health issues and suicide-related outcomes. Objectives: This study investigated potential predictors of suicide-related outcomes in females emerging adulthood and compared them to older women. Design and methods: Data of 2537 women from Russia (group “18 to 29 years”: n = 1123; group […]

Naturally occurring language as a source of evidence in suicide prevention

We discuss computational language analysis as it pertains to suicide prevention research, with an emphasis on providing non-technologists with an understanding of key issues and, equally important, considering its relation to the broader enterprise of suicide prevention. Our emphasis here is on naturally occurring language in social media, motivated by its non-intrusive ability to yield […]

Social media use and prospective suicidal thoughts and behaviors among adolescents at high risk for suicide

Objective To examine the relationship between social media use and suicidal thoughts and behaviors among adolescents in the first 30 days of an intensive outpatient program (IOP) for depression and suicidality. Method Participants included 100 adolescents who enrolled in an IOP for depression and suicidality and completed baseline measures of social media and weekly measures of […]

Development of an ecological momentary assessment of the impact of social media use among suicidal adolescents

Objective: We aimed to develop an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) measure and sampling protocol to assess the near-term impact of experiences with social media use (SMU) that are associated with risk and protective factors for adolescent suicide. Methods: To develop the EMA measure, we consulted literature reviews and conducted focus groups with the target population, adolescents at […]

Increasing suicide rates in early adolescent girls in the United States and the equalization of sex disparity in suicide: The need to investigate the role of social media

In the context of increasing rates of suicide in US youth, a recent report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention1 revealed that the largest percentage increases in the rates of suicide occurred in girls aged 10 to 14 years. In an unprecedented escalation, rates of suicide in this subgroup tripled between 1999 and […]

Association of 7 million+ tweets featuring suicide-related content with daily calls to the Suicide Prevention Lifeline and with suicides, United States, 2016–2018

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess associations of various content areas of Twitter posts with help-seeking from the US National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (Lifeline) and with suicides. Methods: We retrieved 7,150,610 suicide-related tweets geolocated to the United States and posted between 1 January 2016 and 31 December 2018. Using a specially devised […]

The impact of a widely publicized celebrity suicide on suicide-related internet search activity

Objective Media reporting of celebrities’ deaths by suicide are prone to suicide contagion effects. The aim of the current study is to examine whether the widely publicized celebrity suicide of Ari Behn in Norway was associated with changes in search activity of suicide-related terms. Method Search activity data for the terms “suicide,” “Ari Behn suicide,” […]

Characteristics of online comments following high-profile celebrity suicide

Background: On the Internet, individuals can freely read about or talk to others about suicide. However, little is known about the nature of these online interactions and the potential impact on users. Aims: This study aimed to examine the characteristics of online comments following high-profile celebrity suicide, comparing top-rated comments with controversial comments. Method: Comments from a popular thread on […]

The link between non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), body image and activity on social networking sites among female adolescents with an eating disorder

The link between engagement in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI)–related activities on SNS (e.g. viewing, commenting, sharing and uploading NSSI content) with body image and NSSI behaviour remains under researched in adolescents with EDs. The main aim of the current research was to examine associations between NSSI-related activities on SNS with body image and NSSI behaviour severity […]

Online harms? Suicide-related online experience: A UK-wide case series study of young people who die by suicide

Background: Few studies have examined online experience by young people who die by suicide. Methods: A 3-year UK-wide consecutive case series of all young people aged 10–19 who died by suicide, based on national mortality data. We extracted information on the antecedents of suicide of 544 of these 595 deaths (91%) from official investigations, mainly […]

Suicide from media portrayals and reality: Analysis of Netflix’s serial 13 Reasons Why

The release of 13 Reasons Why on Netflix has led to controversy regarding its influence on teen audience, which is this series’ major target audience. Due to teenagers’ susceptivity about environment, and their relatively fragile mental stability, this subject – media and teenager’s well-being — worth noticing. Several literature reviews of previous studies illustrate the main arguments […]

Suicide communication on digital platforms: A research review

The aim of this research review is to describe and exemplify research to date on suicide communication on digital platforms and to discuss the fears and hopes, advantages and disadvantages, as well as the risks and  opportunities that researchers in the field have pointed to over the past three decades. The review presents a number […]

Detecting suicide ideation in the era of social media: The population neuroscience perspective

Social media platforms are increasingly used across many population groups not only to communicate and consume information, but also to express symptoms of psychological distress and suicidal thoughts. The detection of suicidal ideation (SI) can contribute to suicide prevention. Twitter data suggesting SI have been associated with negative emotions (e.g., shame, sadness) and a number […]

Social media responses to online suicide-related news articles

Background: Responsible media reporting of suicide is important to prevent contagion effects. Online media reporting is increasingly becoming the primary source of news information for many people. Aims: This study aimed to assess compliance with responsible media reporting guidelines, and whether social media responses were associated with compliance. Method: A random sample of Australian digital news articles over a 9-month […]

Pinning despair and distress: Suicide-related content on visual social media platform Pinterest

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that an individual dies by suicide every 40 s. Aim: Our aim was to analyze how suicide is portrayed on the visual social media platform Pinterest. Method: This study used a quantitative content analysis of 500 suicide-related Pinterest posts. Content codes included the presence of factors related to the WHO media reporting guidelines. Results: The majority […]

Investigating suicide-related subliminal messages on Instagram: A frame-by-frame analysis of video posts

Background: Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among 15–29-year-olds and Instagram is one of the most popular and fastest-growing social media platforms among this age group. A previous study presented preliminary evidence for suicide-related “subliminal messages” on Instagram, defined as very brief presentations of suicide-related content in video posts that users have no conscious awareness […]

The relationship between suicide-related Twitter events and suicides in Ontario from 2015-2016.

Background: Many studies have demonstrated suicide contagion through mainstream journalism; however, few have explored suicide-related social media events and their potential relationship to suicide deaths. Aims: To determine whether Twitter events were associated with changes in subsequent suicides. Methods: Suicide-related Twitter events that garnered at least 100 tweets originating in Ontario, Canada (July 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016) were […]

The opportunities and challenges of regulating the internet for self-harm and suicide prevention

Working to influence government policy on suicide prevention in the United Kingdom usually means working with the government Department of Health and Social Care around the cross-government suicide prevention strategy in England, and likewise in Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Rarely does an opportunity come along that involves influencing legislation, but this is what is […]

Specification curve analysis shows that social media use is linked to poor mental health, especially among girls

An important 2019 paper applied a novel analytic technique called Specification Curve Analysis (SCA) to data from three large-scale community samples to investigate the association between adolescent technology use and mental health/well-being. The paper concluded that an association exists but is tiny, with median betas between -0.01 and -0.04. This association was reported to be […]

Nonsuicidal self‑injury on Instagram: Examining hashtag trends

We sought to investigate how individuals who upload nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) content on Instagram conceptualize self-injury by examining associated hashtags. Additionally, we explored NSSI hashtag usage trends over time. Using a web-based crawler and data analysis system, we downloaded 1,217,208 Instagram posts containing one of five popular NSSI hashtags (#cutting, #selfharm, #selfharmmm, #hatemyself, and #selfharmawareness) […]

The impact of social media use on suicide-related behavior

Cyberbullying and addictive behavior are examples of the negative impacts that social media use that lead to suicidal thoughts. This study uses a systematic literature review to show the consequences of using social media that lead to suicidal behavior in various parts of the world. 37 articles were used to support this study that consists […]

Tweet classification to assist human moderation for suicide prevention

Social media platforms are already engaged in leveraging existing online socio-technical systems to employ just-in-time interventions for suicide prevention to the public. These efforts primarily rely on self-reports of potential self-harm content that is reviewed by moderators. Most recently, platforms have employed automated models to identify self-harm content, but acknowledge that these automated models still […]

Association of online risk factors with subsequent youth suicide-related behaviors in the US

Objective  To evaluate the association between a variety of online risk factors and youth suicide-related behavior using real-world online activity data. Design, Setting, and Participants  A matched case-control study was conducted from July 27, 2019, to May 26, 2020, with the sample drawn from more than 2600 US schools participating in an online safety monitoring program via […]