Adolescent suicide risk factors and the integration of social-emotional skills in school-based prevention programs

Adolescents are considered one of the most vulnerable groups affected by suicide. Rapid changes in adolescents’ physical and mental states, as well as in their lives, significantly and undeniably increase the risk of suicide. Psychological, social, family, individual, and environmental factors are important risk factors for suicidal behavior among teenagers and may contribute to suicide […]

A social-emotional learning program for suicide prevention through animal-assisted intervention

The aim of the study was to carry out a pilot implementation and evaluation of the OverCome-AAI program, a pioneering program for the prevention of suicidal behavior through animal-assisted interventions for young people with high risk factors for suicidal behavior. The study sample consisted of 30 adolescents (11 boys and 19 girls) aged between 14 […]

Suicide in Movies: Gender and Choice of Suicide Method (IN: Suicide and the Creative Arts, edited by S Stack & D Lester)

This chapter draws attention to an important agent of socialization to gender roles – the mass media. In particular, it is contended women & men learn about gendered suicide methods in the narratives of films. Its central hypothesis is that method of suicide is a cultural & gendered idiom, which is learned & reflected in […]

The “Dark Side” of the Strength of Weak Ties: the Diffusion of Suicidal Thoughts

Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, the effect of friends-of-friends attempted suicide on the suicidal thoughts of respondents are estimated. A focus on friends-of-friends permits a test of Granovetter’s theory on the strength of weak ties. Results for at-risk respondents are consistent with Granovetter’s theory as these respondents were more likely […]

Developing Policy to Combat Police Suicide (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

This chapter presents police suicide not as an event, but as a socialization process of learned behaviour within the culture & environment of modern policing. The author describes the learning & reinforced learning involved in each phase of the police career. By presenting depression, stress, & inadequate coping skills as learned behaviour, positive coping mechanisms […]

Social Modeling in the Transmission of Suicidality

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Impact of Modeling on Adolescent Suicidal Behavior

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The Cultural Dynamics of Copycat Suicide

Agent-based simulations, in combination with scan statistic methods for detecting clusters of rare events, were used to clarify the social learning processes underlying point & mass clusters. It was found that social learning between neighbouring agents did generate point clusters as predicted, although this effect was partially mimicked by homophily. The one-to-many transmission dynamics characterised […]

Clinical Suicidology: Theoretical Models

This articles examines different theories of suicide, starting with a review of two major sociological theories, those of Durkheim & Henry & Short. The discussion then turns to individual theories of suicidal behaviours, classified into 3 major types: physiological, intrapsychic, & interpersonal. Intrapsychic theories are further divided into psychoanalytic theory, social learning, & cognitive process. […]

A Review of the Literature Regarding Film and Television Drama Portrayals of Suicide

This report reviews studies of the portrayal of suicide in television drama & films & its potential consequences. The literature on the impact of fictional on-screen suicides on actual suicidal behaviour is equivocal but provides some support for an imitation effect. The majority of studies have demonstrated completed & attempted suicide rates show unexpected rises […]

Effects of Different Explanations of Disordered Behavior on Treatment Referrals

An Extension and Test of Sutherland’s Concept of Differential Social Organization: the Geographical Clustering of Japanese Suicide and Homicide Rates

Suicide Influences and Factors: Media Effects (IN: Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying, vol.2: L-Z, ed. by R Kastenbaum)

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Social-Psychological Considerations in the Emergence and Growth of Terrorism (IN: The Psychology of Terrorism: a Public Understanding, vol.1, ed. by C E Stout)

This chapter defines terrorism as a deviant, aggressive, & collective behavior embarked on by individuals with the sole motive of inflicting injury & harm on other, targeted individuals. Aspects of the terrorist personality & socialization process are reviewed, including those conditions most likely to produce suicidal terrorists. (17 refs)

Understanding Adolescent Suicide: a Psychosocial Interpretation of Developmental and Contextual Factors

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Suicide and the Media. Part III: Theoretical Issues

This paper considers some of the theoretical explanations for the association between media representations of suicide & suicidal behaviours. Most of the studies which were reviewed by the authors fall within the media “effects tradition”, & a critique of this approach is provided. Alternative approaches are then explored. (63 refs.)

Psychological Perspectives on Suicide (IN: Current Concepts of Suicide, edited by D Lester)

Leenaars discusses four points of view that have been used to study suicide: psychoanalytic (Freud); cognitive-behavioural (Beck); social learning (Lester); & multidimensional (Shneidman). Each of these are presented in the form of 10 protocol sentences. (47 refs.)

The Social Transmission of Parasuicide: is There a Modeling Effect?

This article discusses four hypotheses derived from social learning theory about the social transmission of parasuicide. It was concluded that empirical support in this study for the existence of a modelling effect in parasuicide was somewhat weak. (37 refs.)

Adolescent Suicide and Families: an Ecological Approach

This article has also been published in Family Therapy, v.21, no.1, (1994), pp.63-80.

The Threat of Suicide in Psychotherapy (IN: Suicide: Understanding and Responding: Harvard Medical School Perspectives, ed. by D Jacobs and H N Brown)

Following the presentation of background information about the structural model of psychotherapy, in which the relatively autonomous ego is influenced by the social setting & social learning, the author uses 2 case histories to differentiate seriously suicidal persons from those who are not. Clinical choices made in treating these patients are described & an explanation […]

Antigone (IN: Suicide as a Learned Behavior, by D Lester)

Analyzes the suicide of Antigone to illustrate the social learning theory of suicide. A brief summary of Antigone’s actions, in the play by Sophocles, is given & then reviewed. Her death is seen as a case of victim-precipitated homicide, imitating the mother’s method (hanging). Her death followed a series of losses, including the actions of […]

A Learning Analysis of Suicide Considered as a Gambling Behavior (IN: Suicide as a Learned Behavior, by D Lester)

In this chapter, learned suicidal behaviours are compared to a model of gambling behaviour. Frank (1979) studied the influence of rewards, punishments & expectancies in the learning of gambling behaviour. Lester uses these factors to show how if suicidal behaviour in some situations fits the model of a gambling behaviour, then social learning theory can […]

Learning Influences in the Methods Chosen for Suicide (IN: Suicide as a Learned Behavior, by D Lester)

Using evidence from numerous studies, it is concluded that the choice of method for suicide is affected by cultural factors. These factors are not simply a result of the availability of a particular method because the way the method is used is also shaped by the culture. The evidence thus supports a social learning theory […]