A systematic review on suicide because of social isolation and loneliness: Does COVID-19 make a difference?

Background Suicide is a significant cause of death worldwide. Various purposes can explain why people choose to attempt or commit suicide such as mental-health disorders, income-related-factors, quality of life or issues related to social context. This study aims to identify an updated association between ‘isolation’ and suicides. Methods In this regard, we had made a […]

Are trajectories of social isolation from childhood to mid‑adulthood associated with adult depression or suicide outcomes

Purpose Social isolation has been shown to have negative effects on mental health outcomes though little is known about trajectories across the life course. We examined the relationship between trajectory groups and selected mental health outcomes in mid-adulthood. Methods We previously created a typology of social isolation based on onset during the life course and […]

Social-cognitive risk for suicide and new relationship formation: False perception, self-fulfilling prophecy, or both?

Objective This study examined the impact of social-cognitive constructs associated with increased suicide risk (i.e., perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness) on relationship formation during real-time interactions of older adolescents with strangers in a dyadic context. Method Two hundred and seventy-four older adolescents (61.9% female, M age = 18.96 years) were paired with same-gender strangers and completed a laboratory-based interaction task. […]

Increased suicide risk among older white males

Purpose of Review As one of the leading causes of death worldwide, suicide has become an important public health concern. Several studies have evaluated key demographic factors such as age, gender, and race as increased risk factors for suicide. The goal of this review is to highlight elderly white males as a unique population at […]

Disconnect to reconnect: Breaking down barriers and enhancing social connections amongst the Indigenous communities & education institutions

Various studies have been conducted in recent years on the social isolation of the general population and marginalized Indigenous communities. Research done by CSCS (2021), indicates that Indigenous  people were just as likely as other populations to be at risk for loneliness, however, lower incomes and mental health disabilities caused greater scores in social isolation. […]

Suicidal ideation and thoughts of self-harm during the COVID-19 pandemic: The role of COVID-19-related stress, social isolation, and financial strain

Background: There are significant concerns about mental health problems occurring due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. To date, there has been limited empirical investigation about thoughts of suicide and self-harm during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A national survey was conducted May 2020 to investigate the association between mental health symptoms, social isolation, and financial stressors […]

Financial distress and suicidal behaviour during COVID-19: Family identification attenuates the negative relationship between COVID-related financial distress and mental ill-health

COVID-19 provides a ‘perfect storm’ of social and economic suicide risk-factors. Recent research has evidenced an initial impact of the pandemic upon suicide rates, but has yet to understand how elevated financial threat and social isolation may predict suicide ideation/behaviour, or which social factors promote resilience. This study addressed these shortcomings. An online longitudinal survey […]

How does COVID-19 affect the neurobiology of suicide?

Purpose of review: The aim of this review was to analyze COVID-19 effect on the biological features of suicidal vulnerability and its interaction with suicide-related biological pathways. We carried out a narrative review of international publications on the interactions of COVID-19 with the biological bases of suicide. Recent findings: We hypothesize that SARS-CoV-2 interacts with multiple biological […]

Social disconnection in late life suicide: An NIMH workshop on state of the research in identifying mechanisms, treatment targets, and interventions

Both social disconnection and suicide are significant public health concerns among older adults, and social disconnection is associated with greater risk for suicide-related thoughts and behaviors in late life. We present a synthesis of research discussed during a workshop hosted by the National Institute of Mental Health on social disconnection and late-life suicide. Social disconnection […]

Associations of suicide rates with socioeconomic status and social isolation: Findings from longitudinal register and census data

Suicide represents a major challenge to public mental health. In order to provide empirical evidence for prevention strategies, we hypothesized current levels of low socioeconomic status (SES) and high social isolation (SI) to be linked to increased suicide rates in N = 390 administrative districts since SES and SI are associated with mental illness. Effects […]

The association of loneliness after sudden bereavement with risk of suicide attempt: A nationwide survey of bereaved adults

Purpose We aimed to test the hypothesis that among people who experience sudden bereavement, loneliness is associated with post-bereavement suicide attempt and post-bereavement suicidal ideation, even when adjusting for network size. Methods We analysed cross-sectional data collected in the 2010 UCL Bereavement Study, to identify 3193 respondents who had experienced sudden bereavement. We used multivariable […]

Increased risk of suicide due to economic and social impact of social distancing measures to address the Covid-19 pandemic: A forecast

Background. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic there have been unprecedented increases in unemployment and social isolation nationally and globally. Predicting suicide rates as a result of this pandemic can provide information about the potential mental health ramifications and supports that may be needed. This article aims to forecast the potential increased incidence of suicide due […]

Preference for solitude, social isolation, suicidal ideation, and self-harm in adolescents

Purpose Social isolation is associated with suicidal ideation (SI) and self-harm (SH) among adolescents. However, the association between preference for solitude (PfS), SI, and SH is unknown. The prevalence of adolescents who have both of PfS and social isolation and the risks for SI and SH among them are also unknown. Methods Information on PfS, […]

Suicidal thoughts and behaviors and social isolation: A narrative review of the literature

Background Social isolation is one of the main risk factors associated with suicidal outcomes. The aim of this narrative review was to provide an overview on the link between social isolation and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Methods We used the PubMed database to identify relevant articles published until April 13, 2018. We focused on: (a) […]

Hopelessness and lack of connectedness to others as risk factors for suicidal behavior across the lifespan: Implications for cognitive-behavioral treatment

The rates of suicide attempts and death by suicide vary considerably over the lifespan, highlighting the influence of different contextual, risk, and protective factors at different points in development (Daniel & Goldston, 2009). Hopelessness and lack of connectedness to others are two factors that have been associated with increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors across the lifespan. The […]

Differential neural processing of social exclusion in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injury: An fMRI study.

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent in adolescence and has been suggested as an autonomous diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5). Social rejection is as potential risk-factor for NSSI and depression in adolescence. Objectives of this study were to identify differences in neural processing of social rejection in depressed adolescents with and without […]

Does mode of contact with different types of social relationships predict depression in older adults? Evidence from a nationally representative survey.


Social anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation in a clinical sample of early adolescents: Examining loneliness and social support as longitudinal mediators.

Recent research has shown that social anxiety may be related to increased risk for suicidal ideation in teens, although this research largely has been cross-sectional and has not examined potential mediators of this relationship. A clinical sample of 144 early adolescents (72 % female; 12Ð15 years old) was assessed during psychiatric inpatient hospitalization and followed […]

Depression and social identity: An integrative review.

This review presents evidence that social connectedness is key to understanding the development and resolution of clinical depression. The social identity approach is then used as a basis for conceptualizing the role of social relationships in depression, operationalized in terms of six central hypotheses. Research relevant to these hypotheses is then reviewed. Finally, we present […]

Gender, asylum seekers and mental distress: challenges for mental health social work.


The long-lasting impact of adolescents’ deviant friends on suicidality: a 3-year follow-up perspective.

Background: During adolescence, friends are increasingly important for support and values. Do friends also have a long-term impact on suicidality? This study explored the role of friendship problems (e.g., social isolation) and deviant friends during late adolescence on suicidal ideation and behavior 3 years later. Method: Participants were 295 community adolescents (59% Mexican-American; 41% European-American) […]

Suicide Experiences Among Institutionalized Older Veterans in Taiwan

This study examined the suicide experiences of institutionalized veterans in Taiwan. Data were collected from 19 residents, age 65 & older, who had attempted suicide. Transcripts from 26 tape-recorded interviews were analyzed by thematic analysis. 5 major themes related to suicide triggers were identified: illness & pain, death of close relatives or friends, conflicts with […]

Exposure to Human Tragedy, Empathy, and Trauma in Ambulance Paramedics

Paramedics are exposed to events involving human pain & suffering on a daily basis. At times, certain circumstances lead workers to develop an emotional connection with the victim or his or her family. When this occurs, paramedics report increased symptoms of traumatic stress. One of the coping strategies described in these circumstances is to manage […]