Ecological momentary assessment of social approach and avoidance motivations in serious mental illness: Connections to suicidal ideation and symptoms

Aim People with serious mental illness (SMI) are at an increased risk for suicide. Social approach and avoidance motivations are linked to social functioning, and social isolation is a risk factor for suicide. This study uses ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to understand social approach and avoidance motivations in relation to symptoms and suicidal ideation (SI). […]

Respiratory sinus arrhythmia, negative social interactions, and fluctuations in unmet interpersonal needs: A daily diary study

Introduction: This study examined daily fluctuations in the unmet interpersonal needs of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness in response to daily negative social interactions, as well as the moderating role of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) across adolescents at lower and higher risk for suicidal ideation. Methods: Fifty five adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD, i.e., higher-risk group) […]

Social connections among persons with and without mental health-related disabilities, 2020

Persons with mental health-related disabilities were less likely than those without mental health-related disabilities to have three or more close friends and relatives. Those with mental health-related disabilities were also less likely to have ten or more local contacts. Level of satisfaction with contact with friends and with relatives was lower for persons with mental […]

More frequent negative social exchanges are associated with higher suicide ideation and risk in men service members/veterans

Introduction Suicide is a leading cause of death in military service members/veterans (SM/Vs). Positive social exchanges (e.g., emotional support) buffer against suicide risk but the influence of negative social exchanges (e.g., unwanted advice) is understudied. Method The current study explored (1) the contributions of positive and negative social exchanges as simultaneous correlates of suicide ideation […]

Disconnect to reconnect: Breaking down barriers and enhancing social connections amongst the Indigenous communities & education institutions

Various studies have been conducted in recent years on the social isolation of the general population and marginalized Indigenous communities. Research done by CSCS (2021), indicates that Indigenous  people were just as likely as other populations to be at risk for loneliness, however, lower incomes and mental health disabilities caused greater scores in social isolation. […]

A step back from the edge: Empirical modeling of the role of social integration on suicide and associated deleterious health outcomes across adolescents from six middle-income countries

Purpose: There is economic importance to stimulating awareness about preventing adolescent suicide and other associated deleterious mental and behavioral health outcomes, especially the long-term costs from lost productivity. However, the presence of stigma and poor healthcare reporting systems which often prevent data access have frequently limited research into these topics in low-and-middle income (LMICs) countries. The […]

Social integration and Indigenous suicidality

Aspects of social integration including religion and residential stability have often been found to serve as protective factors against suicide in sociological analyses. However, empirical research on Canadian indigenous suicidality has neglected these dimensions of integration. The present study fills this gap, while controlling for other major predictors of suicide ideation (SI). Methods: Data are from a […]

The association between social anxiety and perceived frequency and value of classmate and close friend social support

Abstract The current study examined the relationship between social support from classmates and close friends and social anxiety in a sample of 377 adolescent students in grades 9–12. The results of the current study suggest that both the frequency and importance placed on support from classmates and close friends is associated with social anxiety. Interestingly, […]

Peer-adult network structure and suicide attempts in 38 high schools: Implications for network-informed suicide prevention

Background Strengthening social integration could prevent suicidal behavior. However, minimal research has examined social integration through relationship network structure. To address this important gap, we tested whether structural characteristics of school networks predict school rates of ideation and attempts. Methods In 38 US high schools, 10,291 students nominated close friends and trusted adults to construct […]

Marital status integration and suicide: A meta-analysis and meta-regression.

Marital status is an index of the phenomenon of social integration within social structures and has long been identified as an important predictor suicide. However, previous meta-analyses have focused only on a particular marital status, or not sufficiently explored moderators. A meta-analysis of observational studies was conducted to explore the relationships between marital status and […]

The associations between children’s and adolescents’ suicidal and self-harming behaviors, and related behaviors within their social networks: A systematic review.

Social influences—including the suicidal and self-harming behaviors of others—have been highlighted as a risk factor for suicidal and self-harming behavior in young people, but synthesis of the evidence is lacking. A systematic review of 86 relevant papers was conducted. Considerable published evidence was obtained for positive associations between young people’s suicidal and self-harming behavior and […]

Decision making in social context in patients with suicide attempt history.

Decision making has been found to be altered in suicide attempters, but little is known of their performance in social contexts. Twenty-seven depressed suicide attempters (DSA), 25 nonsuicidal depressed patients (DP), and 60 healthy participants (HC) were evaluated by a decision-making task in social context. Results indicated DSA and DP obtained lower gains and invested […]

Posttraumatic stress disorder and suicidal behavior: Indirect effects of impaired social functioning.

Social functioning is negatively impacted by the presence of PTSD, while increasing risk of suicidal behavior among individuals with PTSD. However, little research has examined the specific role of social functioning in the association between PTSD and suicidal behavior. Parallel multiple indirect effects analyses were performed to understand the unique indirect effects of four aspects […]

Adolescents under pressure: A new Durkheimian framework for understanding adolescent suicide in a cohesive community.

Despite the profound impact Durkheim’s Suicide has had on the social sciences, several enduring issues limit the utility of his insights. With this study, we offer a new Durkheimian framework for understanding suicide that addresses these problems. We seek to understand how high levels of integration and regulation may shape suicide in modern societies. We […]

Social integration and suicide mortality among men: 24-year cohort study of U.S. health professionals.

Suicide is a major public health problem. Current thinking about suicide emphasizes the study of psychiatric, psychological, or biological determinants. Previous work in this area has largely relied on surrogate outcomes or samples enriched for psychiatric morbidity.Objective: To evaluate the relationship between social integration and suicide mortality. Men who were socially well-integrated had a more […]

The effect of social adjustment and attachment style on suicidal behaviour.


State and regional suicide rates: a new look at an old puzzle.


Social integration and suicide-related ideation from a social network perspective: a longitudinal study among inner-city African Americans.

Journal is held in the CSP Library.

“The Great Transformation” and Suicide: Local and Long-Lasting Effects of 1930 Bank Suspensions


Suicidality and depression among African American adolescents: the role of family and peer support and community connectedness

Rates of suicide are increasing among African Americans adolescents. One area that has received little attention is the relationship between depressive symptoms and suicidality. 212 participants completed in-school surveys on three types of social support: family support,peer support and community connectedness.Survey also addressed depressive symptoms and suicidality, as measured by reasons for living, a cognitive […]

Differences in behavior,psychological factors, and environmental factors associated with participation in school sports and other activities in adolescence

This study examined whether participation in school team sports, exclusively or in combination with other extracurricular activities, is associated with higher levels of psychosocial functioning and healthy behavior than participation in other extracurricular activities alone or nonparticipation. The study sample includes 50,168 ninth grade public school students who completed an anonymous, voluntary statewide survey in […]

Understanding Suicide: why we Don’t and how we Might

This book highlights theoretical & methdological challenges in suicidology. The contributions that each of the major disciplines have made are discussed & an overview of research & theories in some typical areas is provided. Drawing from this, specific recommendations are made as to what can be done in the future to advance knowledge of suicide […]

Social Control and Youth Suicidality: Situating Durkheim’s Ideas in a Multilevel Framework

Relying on Durkheim’s theory of social integration, the authors examined the effect of individual- & structural-level social integration on adolescents’ suicidality. Using a sample of 6,369 respondents within 314 neighbourhoods, the assumptions that high levels of religious, familial, neighbourhood, & school integration are associated with fewer suicide attempts among youths were examined. Support was found […]