More frequent negative social exchanges are associated with higher suicide ideation and risk in men service members/veterans
Introduction Suicide is a leading cause of death in military service members/veterans (SM/Vs). Positive social exchanges (e.g., emotional support) buffer against suicide risk but the influence of negative social exchanges (e.g., unwanted advice) is understudied. Method The current study explored (1) the contributions of positive and negative social exchanges as simultaneous correlates of suicide ideation […]
Disconnect to reconnect: Breaking down barriers and enhancing social connections amongst the Indigenous communities & education institutions
Various studies have been conducted in recent years on the social isolation of the general population and marginalized Indigenous communities. Research done by CSCS (2021), indicates that Indigenous people were just as likely as other populations to be at risk for loneliness, however, lower incomes and mental health disabilities caused greater scores in social isolation. […]
A step back from the edge: Empirical modeling of the role of social integration on suicide and associated deleterious health outcomes across adolescents from six middle-income countries
Purpose: There is economic importance to stimulating awareness about preventing adolescent suicide and other associated deleterious mental and behavioral health outcomes, especially the long-term costs from lost productivity. However, the presence of stigma and poor healthcare reporting systems which often prevent data access have frequently limited research into these topics in low-and-middle income (LMICs) countries. The […]
Aspects of social integration including religion and residential stability have often been found to serve as protective factors against suicide in sociological analyses. However, empirical research on Canadian indigenous suicidality has neglected these dimensions of integration. The present study fills this gap, while controlling for other major predictors of suicide ideation (SI). Methods: Data are from a […]
The association between social anxiety and perceived frequency and value of classmate and close friend social support
Abstract The current study examined the relationship between social support from classmates and close friends and social anxiety in a sample of 377 adolescent students in grades 9–12. The results of the current study suggest that both the frequency and importance placed on support from classmates and close friends is associated with social anxiety. Interestingly, […]
Peer-adult network structure and suicide attempts in 38 high schools: Implications for network-informed suicide prevention
Background Strengthening social integration could prevent suicidal behavior. However, minimal research has examined social integration through relationship network structure. To address this important gap, we tested whether structural characteristics of school networks predict school rates of ideation and attempts. Methods In 38 US high schools, 10,291 students nominated close friends and trusted adults to construct […]
Marital status is an index of the phenomenon of social integration within social structures and has long been identified as an important predictor suicide. However, previous meta-analyses have focused only on a particular marital status, or not sufficiently explored moderators. A meta-analysis of observational studies was conducted to explore the relationships between marital status and […]
The associations between children’s and adolescents’ suicidal and self-harming behaviors, and related behaviors within their social networks: A systematic review.
Social influences—including the suicidal and self-harming behaviors of others—have been highlighted as a risk factor for suicidal and self-harming behavior in young people, but synthesis of the evidence is lacking. A systematic review of 86 relevant papers was conducted. Considerable published evidence was obtained for positive associations between young people’s suicidal and self-harming behavior and […]
Decision making has been found to be altered in suicide attempters, but little is known of their performance in social contexts. Twenty-seven depressed suicide attempters (DSA), 25 nonsuicidal depressed patients (DP), and 60 healthy participants (HC) were evaluated by a decision-making task in social context. Results indicated DSA and DP obtained lower gains and invested […]
Posttraumatic stress disorder and suicidal behavior: Indirect effects of impaired social functioning.
Social functioning is negatively impacted by the presence of PTSD, while increasing risk of suicidal behavior among individuals with PTSD. However, little research has examined the specific role of social functioning in the association between PTSD and suicidal behavior. Parallel multiple indirect effects analyses were performed to understand the unique indirect effects of four aspects […]
Adolescents under pressure: A new Durkheimian framework for understanding adolescent suicide in a cohesive community.
Despite the profound impact Durkheim’s Suicide has had on the social sciences, several enduring issues limit the utility of his insights. With this study, we offer a new Durkheimian framework for understanding suicide that addresses these problems. We seek to understand how high levels of integration and regulation may shape suicide in modern societies. We […]
Social integration and suicide mortality among men: 24-year cohort study of U.S. health professionals.
Suicide is a major public health problem. Current thinking about suicide emphasizes the study of psychiatric, psychological, or biological determinants. Previous work in this area has largely relied on surrogate outcomes or samples enriched for psychiatric morbidity.Objective: To evaluate the relationship between social integration and suicide mortality. Men who were socially well-integrated had a more […]
Social integration and suicide-related ideation from a social network perspective: a longitudinal study among inner-city African Americans.
Journal is held in the CSP Library.
Suicidality and depression among African American adolescents: the role of family and peer support and community connectedness
Rates of suicide are increasing among African Americans adolescents. One area that has received little attention is the relationship between depressive symptoms and suicidality. 212 participants completed in-school surveys on three types of social support: family support,peer support and community connectedness.Survey also addressed depressive symptoms and suicidality, as measured by reasons for living, a cognitive […]
Differences in behavior,psychological factors, and environmental factors associated with participation in school sports and other activities in adolescence
This study examined whether participation in school team sports, exclusively or in combination with other extracurricular activities, is associated with higher levels of psychosocial functioning and healthy behavior than participation in other extracurricular activities alone or nonparticipation. The study sample includes 50,168 ninth grade public school students who completed an anonymous, voluntary statewide survey in […]
This study explored correlates of the use of firearms in suicide. A national sample of psychiatric patients discharged from Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers was followed from time of discharge until December 1999. Patients who were male, Caucasian, & who had a diagnosis of substance abuse or posttraumatic stress disorder were significantly more likely […]
An Investigation of the Association Between Bonding Family Social Capital and Bonding Peer Social Capital and Adolescent Suicide Risk
This study examined the association between bonding family social capital & bonding peer social capital & adolescent suicide risk. The sample was made up of 259 adolescents, Grades 9 to 11, from a school in the Durban metropolitan area. The results of the study confirmed the hypothesis that adolescents categorized as being at-risk (had suicide […]
This study analysed whether white suicide rates are lower where civic participation is strong & where a strong social institutional structure exists. Negative binominal regression analyses of race/sex/age disaggregated suicide regressed on indices of civic community are conducted for a sample of more than 1400 American nonmetropolitan counties. White male & female suicide rates are […]
Relational Hopes: a Study of the Lived Experience of Hope in Some Patients Hospitalized for Intentional Self-Harm
The aim of this study was to interpret the lived experience of hope in some patients hospitalized for intentional self-harm. 12 persons that had engaged in suicidal behaviour by overdosing on medications were interviewed shortly after hospitalization & asked to narrate about their hopes. Transcripts were analyzed using a phenomenological hermeneutic method inspired by Ricouer’s […]
This 4-6 year prospective follow-up study compared 48 reactive depressives with & 24 without suicide attempts before index admission. Both groups showed a favourable course & outcome concerning psychiatric diagnoses, psychopathology, social integration, & social functioning as well as displaying a nearly identical course & outcome. In both groups, 2 patients made suicide attempts during […]