Suicide risk in a national VA sample: Roles of psychiatric diagnosis, behavior regulation, substance use, and smoking

Background: Most suicides are first attempts that are difficult to predict, possibly reflecting impaired and unstable behavior regulation. We sought to identify characteristics specifically associated with severe suicidal behavior by comparing risk ratios (RRs) for severe suicidal attempts (ATTP) to RRs for suicidal ideation (SI) only in a transdiagnostic sample of Veterans, focusing on impulsive-aggressive or[…]

Smoking enhances suicide risk: A significant role in the COVID-19 pandemic?

The COVID-19 outbreak has severely affected the whole world. Considerable evidence suggests that tobacco smoking is associated with increased severity of COVID-19 and death in COVID-19 patients. Tobacco smoking cessation is necessary to decrease COVID-19—related hospitalizations and deaths. In this commentary, I suggest that tobacco smoking cessation is also needed to reduce suicidal behavior during[…]

Smoking and suicide: A meta-analysis

Background: Many studies have reported a positive association between smoking and suicide, but the results are inconsistent. This meta-analysis was carried out to estimate the association between smoking and suicidal ideation, suicide plan, suicide attempt, and suicide death. Methods: Major electronic databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and ScienceDirect were searched until May 2015. The reference[…]

Health-related Sustainable Development Goals: Countdown on alcohol use, smoking prevalence, child overweight and suicide mortality

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a set of goals that aspire to ‘leave no one behind’, adopted by all members of the United Nations and to be achieved by 2030. Now, four years after the SDGs entered into force, we examine the progress towards the health-related SDGs in the European region. In this region,[…]

The relationship between smoking and suicidal behavior in psychiatric patients with major depressive disorder

Smoking is frequently associated with suicidal behavior, but also with confounding other risk factors. We investigated whether smoking independently predicts suicidal ideation, attempts (SAs), or modifies risk of SAs during major depressive episodes (MDEs). In the Vantaa Depression Study (VDS), a 5-year prospective study of psychiatric patients (N = 269) with major depressive disorder (MDD), we investigated[…]

Suicidal ideation, risk factors, and communication with parents: An HBSC Study on school children in Estonia, Lithuania, and Luxembourg.

Suicide is a leading cause of death among youth. In the year 2002, Lithuania had the 2nd, Luxembourg the 5th, and Estonia the 9th highest suicide rates among 15- to 19-year-olds across 90 countries worldwide. Suicidal ideation is a significant precursor to suicide. Aims: To report on the prevalence of and associations between suicidal ideation,[…]

Reducing smoking reduces suicidality among individuals with psychosis: Complementary outcomes from a Healthy Lifestyles intervention study.

  This study explored impact of smoking reduction on suicidality among people with psychosis. • At 12 months, smoking reduction was significantly associated with reduction in suicidality. At 12 months, smoking reduction was significantly associated with reduction in depression. Association between smoking and suicidality change remained statistically significant after adjusting for depression.[…]

Smoking, suicidality and psychosis: A systematic meta-analysis.

The aim of this study is to systematically review the literature that explored the association between smoking and suicidal risk among those with serious mental illness and to estimate the risk of suicidal behaviors attributable to smoking among this patient group.

Cigarette smoking and tryptophan hydroxylase 2 mRNA in the Dorsal Raphe Nucleus in suicides.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

Suicidality prospectively predicts greater urges to smoke following a cessation attempt: Mediation through perceived barriers to cessation.

We examine the effect of pre-cessation suicidality on quit week barriers to cessation and month 1 urges to smoke. Greater suicidality predicted greater urges to smoke through greater perceived internal barriers to cessation. Results highlight the importance of assessing for suicidality prior to smoking cessation attempt. Contact us for a copy of this article, or[…]