Pediatric suicides reported to U.S. poison centers

Introduction
As the pediatric mental health crisis worsens, the rate of adolescent suicide-related cases is increasing, including adolescent cases of self-poisoning.
Methods
Data from the National Poison Data System was analyzed for trends in rates and frequencies of all pediatric suspected suicides between 2015 and 2020.
Results
There were 514,350[…]

Characteristics of suicides and toxicology in a cohort of individuals with opioid use disorder

Suicide in patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) is a complex issue. In addition to accidental intoxications, a higher prevalence of fatal suicides in patients with OUD can be found compared to the general population. In this study, suicides with a diagnosis of OUD documented in the project “Suicides, A National Survey” were extracted from[…]

The culture of herbal preparations among pregnant women: A remedy or a suicide potion? A case report and mini review.

In general, use of herbal remedies and preparations is on the ascendency in recent times among the general population and
especially in young pregnant women, and this may be very dangerous due to adverse effects and interactions with drugs. A
survey by the World Health Organization revealed that 70–80% of the world population[…]

A fatal case of self-poisoning through the ingestion of oleander leaves

BACKGROUND:Benefits and even dangers of plants are known since time began. The ancients used plants and herbs because of their effects on the human body. Poisoning is a logical consequence of their use: history is full of episodes of plants and herbs poisoning, whether intentional or accidental. AIM:Oleander poisoning is generally accidental; an intentional assumption[…]

Suicide among health care practitioners and technicians in Colorado: An epidemiological study

Suicide is a public health concern with risks that vary between occupation groups. Many suicide victims with a health care occupation die by poisoning, but few studies have epidemiologically studied this association. The objective of this study was to quantify the increased risk of suicide death by poisoning among health care professionals in Colorado. Eleven[…]

Sex- and age-specific increases in suicide attempts by self-poisoning in the United States among youth and young adults from 2000 to 2018

Objective
To evaluate the incidence and outcomes from intentional suspected-suicide self-poisoning in children and young adults ages 10-24 years old from 2000 to 2018.
Study design
Retrospective review of intentional suspected-suicide self-poisoning cases reported to the National Poison Data System from US poison centers from 2000 to 2018 for patients 10-24 years old. For comparison[…]

Acute alcohol co-ingestion and hospital-treated deliberate self-poisoning: Is there an effect on subsequent self-harm?

The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between alcohol co-ingestion in an index deliberate self-poisoning (DSP) episode with repeated DSP and subsequent suicide. A retrospective cohort study was conducted involving 5,669 consecutive index presentations to a toxicology service following DSP between January 1, 1996, and October 31, 2010. Records were probabilistically matched[…]

Potential interventions for preventing pesticides self-poisoning by restricting access through vendors in Sri Lanka

Background: In South Asia, up to one in five individuals who use pesticides for self-harm purchase them immediately prior to the event. Aims: From reviewing the literature we proposed four interventions: (a) farmer identification cards (ID); (b) prescriptions; (c) cooling-off periods; and (d) training pesticide vendors. We aimed to identify the most promising intervention. Method: The study was conducted in[…]

Postcards from the EDge: 5-year outcomes of a randomised controlled trial for hospital-treated self-poisoning

BackgroundRepetition of hospital-treated self-poisoning and admission to psychiatric hospital are both common in individuals who self-poison.
AimsTo evaluate efficacy of postcard intervention after 5 years.
MethodA randomised controlled trial of individuals who have self-poisoned: postcard intervention (eight in 12 months) plus treatment as usual v. treatment as usual. Our primary outcomes were self-poisoning admissions and[…]

Suicide risk in young men and women after substance intoxication.

This study investigates suicide and overdoses in 1,119 consecutive patients (64% women), 15 to 34 years of age, presenting at the emergency department after self-poisoning from1994 to 2000 and followed regarding death to 2006. Regression and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were performed for suicide and other causes of death. The patients had about a 60 times[…]