The effects of school, family, self-concept, and deviant behaviour on adolescent suicide ideation.

In this study of a population of junior and senior high school students in a mid-sized, Western city, adolescent emotional and ideological disparity with parents and disparity between the importance the adolescent placed on academic achievement and satisfaction with academic achievement were linked to suicide ideation through the intervening variables of self-esteem, purpose in life, […]

Suicidal ideation, depressive symptomatology, and self-concept: A comparison between Mexican institutionalized and noninstitutionalized children.

Previous research reports a significant prevalence of child depression worldwide and self‐concept as a predictor of depression and suicide behavior. Although suicide in children is an increasing problem in Mexico, there are scarce studies reporting risk factors and none of children in foster care institutions. This was a comparative, ex post facto study whose aim […]

Compassion-based meditation in African Americans: Self-criticism mediates changes in depression.

This study examines self‐criticism as a mechanism through which compassion meditation reduces depressive symptoms in low‐income African American men and women (N = 59) who had recently attempted suicide. After completing several measures, including the Levels of Self‐Criticism Scale and Beck Depression Inventory‐II, participants were randomly assigned to receive either a six‐session compassion meditation (CM) group (Grady […]

Perceived parental control, self-criticism, and nonsuicidal self-injury among adolescents: Testing the reciprocal relationships by a three-wave cross-lag model.

This study examined the prospective and reciprocal relationships among perceived parental control, self-criticism, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). We also examined the mediating effect of self-criticism in the relationship between perceived parental control and NSSI. We aimed to find out whether perceived parental control and self-criticism acted as risk factors for NSSI, or consequences of NSSI, […]

Sexual self-concept ambiguity and the interpersonal theory of suicide risk.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

Negative cognitions about the self in patients with persecutory delusions: An empirical study of self-compassion, self-stigma, schematic beliefs, self-esteem, fear of madness, and suicidal ideation.

Patients with persecutory delusions had marked negative self cognitions. Low self-compassion, low self-esteem and increased fears of madness were found. Also beliefs of inferiority, negative self-schemas, and low positive self-schemas. Suicidal ideation was highly associated with several negative self constructs.

Investigating the role of self-disgust in nonsuicidal self-injury.

Self-directed disgust, a component of self-criticism, may present an important, yet unexplored emotion in the context of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). The aim of this study was to examine the role of self-disgust in NSSI, specifically as a potential mediator in the relations between depression and NSSI as well as sexual abuse and NSSI, and to […]

The first best thing.

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Eating disorders and anabolic androgenic steroids in males: Similarities and differences in self-image and psychiatric symptoms.

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Military veterans’ experiences with suicidal ideation: Implications for intervention and prevention.

Article also published in Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. (2015). 45(4):399-414.

Brief report: non-suicidal self-injury in the context of self and identity development.

This brief report describes an exploratory qualitative study that examined online narratives of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in the context of critical developmental tasks of early adulthood: the development of self and identity. Thematic analyses of online autobiographical accounts of NSSI suggest that self and identity processes that are particularly relevant in early adulthood may contribute […]

Sorrow: a therapist’s reflection on the inevitable and the unknowable.

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Increasing Effect of Body Weight Perception on Suicidal Ideation Among Young Korean Women: Findings From the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001 and 2005

The prevalence of actual & perceived overweight was examined & the mediating effect of perceived overweight on the relationship between actual overweight & suicide ideation among young Korean women was compared. Data were gathered from the 2001 & 2005 Korean National Health & Nutrition Examination Surveys. Over the 5-year period, & after controlling for covariates, […]

Perceived Burdensomeness, Familism, and Suicidal Ideation Among Mexican Women: Enhancing Understanding of Risk and Protective Factors

The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide & a culturally-relevant construct, familism, was used to examine predictors of suicide ideation among Mexican & Mexican American women in the United States. A sense of perceived burdensomeness toward others was expected to significantly predict suicide ideation, especially among women who endorsed high levels of familism. 73 outpatients completed self-report […]

Mental well-being and sport-related identities in college students

Past research has linked physical activity and sports participation with improved mental and social well-being, including reduced risk of depression and suicidality. In this study we examined relationships among several dimensions of athletic involvement (team sport participation, individual sport participation, athlete identity, and jock identity), gender, and depression and suicidal behavior in a sample of […]

Suicide and aboriginal youth: Cultural considerations in understanding positive youth development

The importance of positive youth development cannot be overstated. We strive to foster healthy mental/emotional, social, spiritual and physical development in our children. Alarmingly high Aboriginal youth suicide rates in some areas call for an increased understanding of how protective factors and risk-taking behaviours influence youth development. This may help us develop strategies to increase […]

Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents: Relationship to Weight Status, Weight Control Behaviors, and Body Dissatisfaction

This study examined associations between suicidal behaviours & extreme & less extreme weight control behaviours, body dissatisfaction, & weight status in adolescents. Data were drawn from Project EAT, a survey of 4,746 Grade 7-12 students. Multivariate logistic regressions examined associations. Suicide ideation & suicide attempts were more commonly observed in adolescents with extreme weight control […]

Suicide Ideation in the South African Police Services in the North West Province

This research examined the relationship between sense of coherence, job satisfaction, & suicide ideation among South African police personnel. The study population consisted of 120 police officers in the North West Province. The results show sense of coherence is related to suicide ideation in the case of white police officers. Sense of coherence & satisfaction […]

Differences in Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Suicide Attempts in Adolescents

This study examined differences between groups of adolescents with varying levels of self-harmful behaviour in a sample of 373 high school students. The sample was divided into 3 groups: no history of self-harm, non-suicidal self-injury only, & non-suicidal self-injury in addition to a suicide attempt. Results indicated significant differences between the 3 groups on all […]

Psychological Strengths, Coping and Suicide Ideation in the South African Police Services in the North West Province

This research determined the relationship between sense of coherence, generalised self-efficacy, locus of control, & coping on the one hand & suicide ideation among South African police personnel on the other. The study population consisted of 287 uniformed officers in the North West Province. Results showed sense of coherence & generalised self-efficacy were related to […]

The Role of Perfectionism in Student Suicide: Three Case Studies From the UK

This article aims to provide important insight into the potency that certain profiles of perfectionism can claim in the path to suicide by presenting three case studies from a British study of student suicide. Collectively, these case studies provide theoretical support for existing frameworks & are consistent with other literature which emphasizes those forms of […]

Understanding the Relationship Between Depression, Hopelessness, Psychache and Suicide Risk

2 studies were done to examine the relationship between suicidality & 3 key psychological predictors of suicide risk, namely, depression, hopelessness, & psychache. Using a sample of 587 undergraduates, Study 1 determined the degree to which these predictors are distinct. Exploratory & confirmatory factor analyses indicated the factors were separate but correlated. Study 2 compared […]

Sex, Gender Role Orientation, Gender Role Attitudes and Suicidal Thoughts in Three Generations: a General Population Study

This study investigated whether gender role orientation & gender role attitudes were related to the reporting of serious suicidal thoughts in 3 generations in a community sample. Subjects completed home interviews. The prevalence of serious suicide ideation was higher in early adulthood than in early & late middle age. In early adulthood, only gender was […]