Cognition and non-suicidal self-injury: Exploring relationships with psychological functions

Objective: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is strongly associated with difficulties in emotion regulation, but its relationships with maladaptive cognitive processes are less clear. Method: The current study examined relationships between self-reported NSSI (presence, number of methods, frequency, recency, duration, functions) and negative cognitive processes (rumination, worry, self-criticism, perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness) among 1,357 undergraduates. Cognition variables were submitted […]

Perceived need for care and health care utilization among depressed and anxious patients with and without suicidal ideation

Background: Information is scarce concerning the perceived needs and the amount of health-care utilization of persons with suicidal ideation (SI) compared to those without SI. Aims: To describe the needs and health care use of persons with and without SI and to investigate whether these differences are associated with the severity of the axis-I symptomatology. Method: Data were […]

The effects of school, family, self-concept, and deviant behaviour on adolescent suicide ideation.

In this study of a population of junior and senior high school students in a mid-sized, Western city, adolescent emotional and ideological disparity with parents and disparity between the importance the adolescent placed on academic achievement and satisfaction with academic achievement were linked to suicide ideation through the intervening variables of self-esteem, purpose in life, […]

Suicidal ideation, depressive symptomatology, and self-concept: A comparison between Mexican institutionalized and noninstitutionalized children.

Previous research reports a significant prevalence of child depression worldwide and self‐concept as a predictor of depression and suicide behavior. Although suicide in children is an increasing problem in Mexico, there are scarce studies reporting risk factors and none of children in foster care institutions. This was a comparative, ex post facto study whose aim […]

Compassion-based meditation in African Americans: Self-criticism mediates changes in depression.

This study examines self‐criticism as a mechanism through which compassion meditation reduces depressive symptoms in low‐income African American men and women (N = 59) who had recently attempted suicide. After completing several measures, including the Levels of Self‐Criticism Scale and Beck Depression Inventory‐II, participants were randomly assigned to receive either a six‐session compassion meditation (CM) group (Grady […]

Perceived parental control, self-criticism, and nonsuicidal self-injury among adolescents: Testing the reciprocal relationships by a three-wave cross-lag model.

This study examined the prospective and reciprocal relationships among perceived parental control, self-criticism, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). We also examined the mediating effect of self-criticism in the relationship between perceived parental control and NSSI. We aimed to find out whether perceived parental control and self-criticism acted as risk factors for NSSI, or consequences of NSSI, […]

Sexual self-concept ambiguity and the interpersonal theory of suicide risk.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

Negative cognitions about the self in patients with persecutory delusions: An empirical study of self-compassion, self-stigma, schematic beliefs, self-esteem, fear of madness, and suicidal ideation.

Patients with persecutory delusions had marked negative self cognitions. Low self-compassion, low self-esteem and increased fears of madness were found. Also beliefs of inferiority, negative self-schemas, and low positive self-schemas. Suicidal ideation was highly associated with several negative self constructs.

Investigating the role of self-disgust in nonsuicidal self-injury.

Self-directed disgust, a component of self-criticism, may present an important, yet unexplored emotion in the context of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). The aim of this study was to examine the role of self-disgust in NSSI, specifically as a potential mediator in the relations between depression and NSSI as well as sexual abuse and NSSI, and to […]

The first best thing.

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Eating disorders and anabolic androgenic steroids in males: Similarities and differences in self-image and psychiatric symptoms.

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Military veterans’ experiences with suicidal ideation: Implications for intervention and prevention.

Article also published in Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. (2015). 45(4):399-414.

Sorrow: a therapist’s reflection on the inevitable and the unknowable.

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Brief report: non-suicidal self-injury in the context of self and identity development.

This brief report describes an exploratory qualitative study that examined online narratives of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in the context of critical developmental tasks of early adulthood: the development of self and identity. Thematic analyses of online autobiographical accounts of NSSI suggest that self and identity processes that are particularly relevant in early adulthood may contribute […]

Increasing Effect of Body Weight Perception on Suicidal Ideation Among Young Korean Women: Findings From the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001 and 2005

The prevalence of actual & perceived overweight was examined & the mediating effect of perceived overweight on the relationship between actual overweight & suicide ideation among young Korean women was compared. Data were gathered from the 2001 & 2005 Korean National Health & Nutrition Examination Surveys. Over the 5-year period, & after controlling for covariates, […]

Perceived Burdensomeness, Familism, and Suicidal Ideation Among Mexican Women: Enhancing Understanding of Risk and Protective Factors

The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide & a culturally-relevant construct, familism, was used to examine predictors of suicide ideation among Mexican & Mexican American women in the United States. A sense of perceived burdensomeness toward others was expected to significantly predict suicide ideation, especially among women who endorsed high levels of familism. 73 outpatients completed self-report […]

Mental well-being and sport-related identities in college students

Past research has linked physical activity and sports participation with improved mental and social well-being, including reduced risk of depression and suicidality. In this study we examined relationships among several dimensions of athletic involvement (team sport participation, individual sport participation, athlete identity, and jock identity), gender, and depression and suicidal behavior in a sample of […]

Suicide and aboriginal youth: Cultural considerations in understanding positive youth development

The importance of positive youth development cannot be overstated. We strive to foster healthy mental/emotional, social, spiritual and physical development in our children. Alarmingly high Aboriginal youth suicide rates in some areas call for an increased understanding of how protective factors and risk-taking behaviours influence youth development. This may help us develop strategies to increase […]

The Role of Expressed Emotion, Self-Concept, Coping, and Depression in Parasuicidal Behavior: a Follow-Up Study

This study characterized expressed emotion in families of individuals with parasuicidal behaviour & examined the significant relationships between expressed emotion, coping, depression, self-concept, & parasuicidal behaviours. The sample consisted of 67 subjects divided into 2 groups & followed up for 9 months. Group 1 included 34 parasuicides & Group 2 was 33 matched controls. Parasuicides […]

The Role of Gender and Sexual Relations for Young People in Identity Construction and Youth Suicide

This paper examines the cultural context of youth suicide, & asks how youth suicide may be related to emerging sexual identity. In particular, it focuses on the situation of young heterosexual women. The findings are based on interviews with 41 young people, parents, & youth service providers. Interviews were semi-structured & open-ended, & included the […]

The Relationship Between Suicide Attempt and Self-Care Agency

This research examined the relationship between suicide attempts & self-care agency in individuals who did not present with any mental problems, depression or psychiatric diagnosis, using a case comparison group. The framework of the study consisted of 33 hospitalised individuals & 33 people accoompanying them. The sample group included 31 cases & a control group […]

The Relation of Self-Hatred and Suicidality in People With Schizophrenia-Spectrum Symptoms

Schizophrenia may impart to self-concept a quality of self-hatred that encourages suicidality in people with schizophrenia. If so, an index of self-hatred should be more correlated with suicidality among people with schizophrenia-spectrum symptoms than among people with fewer such symptoms. 2 studies evaluated this possibility. In Study 1 of 243 suicidal outpatients affiliated with the […]

The Lived Experiences of Late-Adolescent Female Suicide Survivors: ‘A Part of me Died’

This phenomenological psychological study explored the lived experiences of 5 late-adolescent suicide survivors, particularly those negative experiences that seemed to worsen in the following weeks & months. Participants were recruited through purposive sampling & data were collected through collage-facilitated, face-to-face phenomenological interviews with some participants also providing documentary materials. Data analysis was done according to […]