Relationship between suicide attempt history and borderline personality disorder, aggression, impulsivity, and self-mutilative behavior among male inpatients with substance use disorder

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between lifetime history of suicide attempt (HSA) and borderline personality disorder (BPD), aggression, impulsivity, and selfmutilative behavior (SMB) in a sample of male inpatients with substance use disorder (SUD). Method: The sample included 132 male inpatients with alcohol or opioid use disorder. The participants […]

Self-injury

People have engaged in self-injury—defined as direct and deliberate bodily harm in the absence of suicidal intent—for thousands of years; however, systematic research on this behavior has been lacking. Recent theoretical and empirical work on self-injury has significantly advanced the understanding of this perplexing behavior. Self-injury is most prevalent among adolescents and young adults, typically […]

Analysis of deliberate self-wrist-cutting episodes presenting to the emergency department: Comparison with deliberate self-poisoning.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

Psychological models of suicide.

Suicidal behavior is highly complex and multifaceted. Consequent to the pioneering work of Durkheim and Freud, theoreticians have attempted to explain the biological, social, and psychological nature of suicide. The present work presents an overview and critical discussion of the most influential theoretical models of the psychological mechanisms underlying the development of suicidal behavior. All […]

Factors associated with current versus lifetime self-injury among high school and college students.

We sought to identify factors associated with current versus lifetime nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and factors that show consonant and distinct relationships with current NSSI for adolescents and young adults. Data came from a population-based survey of high school students (n = 9,985) and a national survey of college students (n = 7,801). Among both samples, […]

Internet use and web communication networks, sources of social support, and forms of suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injury among adolescents: Different patterns between genders.

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Deliberate self-harm(and attempted suicide).

The lifetime prevalence of deliberate self-harm is about 3% to 5% of the population in Europe and the USA, and has been increasing. Familial, biological, and psychosocial factors may contribute. Risks are higher in women and young adults, people who are socially isolated or deprived, and people with psychiatric or personality disorders. METHODS AND OUTCOMES:We […]

Deliberate self-harm (and attempted suicide).

The lifetime prevalence of deliberate self-harm is about 3% to 5% of the population in Europe and the USA, and has been increasing. Familial, biological, and psychosocial factors may contribute. Risks are higher in women and young adults, people who are socially isolated or deprived, and people with psychiatric or personality disorders. In this systematic […]

Adolescents’ self-reported suicide attempts, self-harm thoughts and their correlates across 17 European countries.

Suicide is a leading cause of death among adolescents in Europe. Self-harm thoughts and behaviours are documented precursors of completed suicide. It is therefore of great importance to investigate the prevalence of suicide thoughts and attempts and their correlates, with the aim of preventing this major life-threatening public health problem. This study provides cross-national European […]

Seeking solutions to self-injury: A guide for emergency staff.

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Perceived family and peer invalidation as predictors of adolescent suicidal behaviors and self-mutilation.

The present study investigates the longitudinal relationship between perceived family and peer invalidation and adolescent suicidal events (SE) and self-mutilation (SM) in a 6 month follow-up (f/u) study of adolescents admitted to an inpatient psychiatric unit for suicide risk. Our results demonstrate the adverse impact of perceived family and peer invalidation. Specifically, boys who experienced […]

Seeking solutions to self-injury: A guide for parents and families.

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Seeking solutions to self-injury: A guide for school staff. 2nd ed.

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Seeking solutions to self-injury: A guide for young people. 2nd ed.

This booklet explains self-injury and provides some useful tips and resources for young people.

Cognitive and social factors associated with NSSI and suicide attempts in psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents.

Although non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts (SA) frequently co-occur among youth, there is increasing evidence that both the risk factors and the phenomenology of the behaviors are distinct. This study examined how individuals who engage in NSSI only, individuals who attempt suicide only, and those who have histories of both NSSI and at least […]

Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) interventions.

All treatments studied, developmental group therapy, individual cognitive-behavioral therapy, and dialectical behavioral therapy for adolescents, were found to be comparable to the typical treatments offered in the treatment settings where the research was conducted. Additional strategies such as harm reduction have very limited evidence suggesting they may be helpful. A few common interventions including relaxation […]

The return on investment of postdischarge follow-up calls for suicidal ideation or deliberate self-harm.

Transitions of care are critical for individuals at risk of suicide. This study determined the return on investment (ROI) for providing postdischarge follow-up calls to patients at risk of suicide who are discharged from a hospital or an emergency department. The study supports the business case for payers, particularly Medicaid, to invest in postdischarge follow-up […]

The association of ADHD symptoms to self-harm behaviours: A systematic PRISMA review.

Self-harm is a major public health issue in young people worldwide and there are many challenges to its management and prevention. Numerous studies have indicated that ADHD is associated with completed suicides and other suicidal behaviours (i.e., suicidal attempt and ideation). However, significantly less is known about the association between ADHD and self-harm.

Why alternative teenagers self-harm: Exploring the link between non-suicidal self-injury, attempted suicide and adolescent identity.

The term Ôself-harmÕ encompasses both attempted suicide and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Specific adolescent subpopulations such as ethnic or sexual minorities, and more controversially, those who identify as ÔAlternativeÕ (Goth, Emo) have been proposed as being more likely to self-harm, while other groups such as ÔJocksÕ are linked with protective coping behaviours (for example exercise). NSSI […]

Retrospective identification of episodes of deliberate self-harm from emergency room registers in general hospitals: an example from Shanghai.

Journal copy is held in CSP Library.

The DiaS trial: Dialectical behavior therapy versus collaborative assessment and management of suicidality on self-harm in patients with a recent suicide attempt and borderline personality disorder traits: Study protocol for a randomized controlled t

In Denmark 8,000 to 10,000 people will attempt suicide each year. The Centre of Excellence in Suicide Prevention in the Capital Region of Denmark is treating patients with suicidal behavior, and a recent survey has shown that 30% of the patients are suffering from borderline personality disorder. The majority of patients (70% to 75%) with […]

The cessation of deliberate self-harm in a university sample: The reasons, barriers, and strategies involved.

Journal copy is held in CSP Library.

Risk and predictors of suicide and non-suicide mortality following non-fatal self-harm in Northern Taiwan.

To investigate the risk and predictors of suicide and non-suicide mortality after self-harm in a Taiwanese population. Relatively high rates of suicide and non-suicide mortality were found following self-harm. Suicide prevention needs to take into account of risk factors for fatal repetition of self-harm.