Interpersonal risk factors for suicide in cocaine dependence: Association with self-esteem, personality traits, and childhood abuse

Objective Studies have linked cocaine dependence to suicidality. According to the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide, suicidal behavior becomes likely with the simultaneous presence of perceived burdensomeness (PB), lack of (or thwarted) belongingness (TB), and acquired fearlessness about death (FAD). Here, we examined personality and other variables, including depression, self-esteem, childhood abuse, and substance use, as […]

Does self-esteem inflation mitigate mortality salience effects on suicide attitudes?

Introduction Suicide stigma is a major barrier to prevention and intervention efforts. Using terror management theory as the guiding framework, the present study examined whether enhancing self-esteem would buffer against suicide stigma and lead to prosocial attitudes and behavior. Methods Experimental methods were utilized in the present study. After being primed with death-related thoughts, participants […]

Self-injury in young bisexual people: A microlongitudinal investigation (SIBL) of thwarted belongingness and self-esteem on non-suicidal self-injury

Background Bisexual people are at an elevated risk for non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Psychological factors including self-esteem and thwarted belongingness may help explain this risk. The aim of the current study was to investigate associations between self-esteem, thwarted belongingness and NSSI urges and behavior in young bisexual people. Methods Participants aged 16–25 from 25 countries took […]

The effectiveness of self-esteem-related interventions in reducing suicidal behaviors: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Suicide is a serious social issue and is often treated using psychological interventions. The current systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the effectiveness of self-esteem-related interventions on suicidal behaviors. A systematic literature search for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) including a self-esteem component was conducted on 29 May 2021 and updated on 4 April 2022. […]

Mental health difficulties related to suicidal behavior in adolescents: The moderating role of self-esteem

Objective The objective was to analyze the moderating effect of self-esteem on the relationship between mental health difficulties and suicidal behavior in adolescence. Method The sample was composed of 1,790 Spanish adolescents (M = 15.70 years; SD = 1.26; 53.7% girls) through a stratified random sampling by cluster at classroom level. The participants completed questionnaires about emotional symptoms, behavioral problems, peer […]

Parental phubbing, self-esteem, and suicidal ideation among Chinese adolescents: A longitudinal mediational analysis

Parental phubbing refers to a phenomenon in which parents are distracted by their smartphones when they interact with their children. It has become a common concern and linked to adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. However, much remains unclear about reciprocal associations among parental phubbing, self-esteem, and suicidal ideation and the potential mechanisms underlying these […]

Do maternal depression and self-esteem moderate and mediate the association between intimate partner violence after childbirth and postpartum suicidal ideation?

Intimate partner violence (IPV) during the perinatal period is believed to have an adverse effect on maternal mental health. Given the risks of suicide and related public health concerns, the aim of this study is to examine (1) the association of experiencing physical, psychological, and sexual IPV after childbirth on postpartum suicidal ideation (SI), and […]

Psychological correlates of self-harm within gay, lesbian and bisexual UK university students

This study explores the association between lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB) status and self-harm in UK higher education students. There is currently limited data on this association, and the role psychological variables have in potentially explaining this link, in UK students. We examine whether LGB status is associated with self-harm (both non-suicidal self-injury [NSSI] and […]

Self-contempt as a predictor of suicidality: A longitudinal study

People with mental illness can internalize public prejudice and negative emotional reactions to their group, leading to self-contempt. This study examined self-contempt related to having a mental illness as predictor of suicidality among 77 people with mental illness in Southern Germany. Self-contempt, depressive symptoms, hopelessness, and suicidality were assessed at baseline; suicidality was measured again 3 months later. High self-contempt at baseline predicted increased suicidality at follow-up, adjusting for […]

Childhood maltreatment, self-esteem, and suicidal ideation in a low-SES emerging adult sample: The moderating role of heart rate variability

Childhood maltreatment is associated with risk for suicidal ideation later in life, yet more research is needed on the indirect effects and bioregulatory protective factors in this association. The present study aimed to investigate the indirect influence of childhood maltreatment on suicidal ideation in emerging adulthood via level of self-esteem, and examine the moderating role […]

Bullying in schools and its relation with depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and suicidal ideation in adolescents.

Objective: Bullying, which has negative effects on teaching and learning environment in schools, may be associated with some psychiatric disorders causatively or consequentially. The purpose of this study was to examine the suicidal ideation, depressive symptoms, and self-esteem in high school students with respect to their involvement in the cycle of bullying. Methods: The study was […]

Self-esteem and non-suicidal self-injury in adulthood: A systematic review.

Background: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a self-destructive act that represents a considerable burden on the individual and society. Low self-esteem may be a psychological variable that is related to NSSI. However, little is known about the nature of this relationship in adulthood. This systematic review therefore aimed to provide a synthesis of the available literature on […]

Effect of perceived organizational support on suicidal ideation of young employees: The mediator role of self-esteem.

This study aimed to explore the relationships among perceived organizational support, self-esteem, and suicidal ideation of young employees. A total of 447 unmarried employees completed the survey of perceived organizational support, Rosenberg self-esteem scale, and suicide ideation scale. The results revealed that perceived organizational support, self-esteem, and suicidal ideation were significantly correlated with each other. […]

The relationship between social media bullying and the adolescent’s self report of emotional health: A study of urban youth on an acute inpatient psychiatric unit.

Background: Bullying through social media, known as cyberbullying, is increasingly prevalent amongst today’s youth. There is little research on a wide range of internalizing symptoms in conjunction with a measure of selfconcept in relationship to cyberbullying. Methods: This prospective research study examined the cross-sectional relationship between cyberbullying victims in children and adolescents 10-17 years of […]

Body mass index, depression, and suicidality: The role of self-esteem in bariatric surgery candidates.

Highlights •3101 bariatric surgery candidates. •Self-esteem mediated the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and depression. •The relationship between BMI and suicidality was mediated by self-esteem. •The mediated pathways were stronger for males, than for females. •Findings may be used to optimize depression and interventions.

Investigating the relationship between self-esteem and stigma among young adults with history of suicide attempts.

Self-esteem is a major contributor to risk for repeated suicide attempts. Prior research has shown that awareness of stigma is associated with reduced self-esteem among people with mental illness. No prior studies have examined the association between self-esteem and stereotype awareness among individuals with past suicide attempts. Aims: To understand the relationship between stereotype awareness […]

Protective effects of self-esteem and family support on suicide risk behaviors among at-risk adolescents.

PROBLEM:  If and how family support and self-esteem might interact to protect against adolescent suicide risk is not well understood. METHODS:  Hierarchical multiple regression was used to examine the moderating effect of family support on the relationship between self-esteem and suicide risk behaviors among potential high school dropouts (N= 849), using questionnaires and in-depth assessment […]

Negative cognitions about the self in patients with persecutory delusions: An empirical study of self-compassion, self-stigma, schematic beliefs, self-esteem, fear of madness, and suicidal ideation.

Patients with persecutory delusions had marked negative self cognitions. Low self-compassion, low self-esteem and increased fears of madness were found. Also beliefs of inferiority, negative self-schemas, and low positive self-schemas. Suicidal ideation was highly associated with several negative self constructs.

Bailey beats the blah.

Bailey Beats the Blah helps children cope with Sad days. Bailey hates his new school. His tummy aches. He has no friends. His dog Fuzzy slobbers all over him. BLAH! How can Bailey change his BLAH to HA-HA-HA? Bailey is an empowering mental health picture book for children 4-8 years, spring-boarding discussion on emotions and […]

Self-reported peer victimization and suicidal ideation in adolescent psychiatric inpatients: The mediating role of negative self-esteem.

The current study investigated relationships among self-reported peer victimization, suicidality, and depression in adolescent psychiatric inpatients. Sixty-seven adolescent psychiatric inpatients at a Midwestern childrenÕs hospital completed measures of bullying and peer victimization, suicidal ideation, and depression during their inpatient stay. Analyses indicated significant moderate correlations among victimization, suicidal ideation, and depression in adolescents. Results from […]

Suicide proneness in college students: relationships with gender, procrastination, and achievement motivation.

This study examined the relationships between 2 academic dispositions (i.e., procrastination and achievement motivation) and 2 indices of suicidal proneness in college women and men. The degree these 2 academic dispositions could predict unique variance in suicide proneness scores, above and beyond the influence of depression and self-esteem was also examined for each gender. Participants […]

Damaged self-esteem is associated with internalizing problems.

Implicit and explicit self-esteem are assumed to be important factors in understanding the onset and maintenance of psychological problems. The current study aims to examine the association between implicit and explicit self-esteem and their interaction with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness. Specifically, the relationship between the size and the direction of the discrepancy between […]

Too much of a good thing? Psychosocial resources, gendered racism, and suicidal ideation among low socioeconomic status African American women.

Very few studies have examined predictors of suicidal ideation among African American women. Consequently, we have a poor understanding of the combinations of culturally specific experiences and psychosocial processes that may constitute risk and protective factors for suicide in this population. Drawing on theories of social inequality, medical sociology, and the stress process, we explore […]