People have engaged in self-injury—defined as direct and deliberate bodily harm in the absence of suicidal intent—for thousands of years; however, systematic research on this behavior has been lacking. Recent theoretical and empirical work on self-injury has significantly advanced the understanding of this perplexing behavior. Self-injury is most prevalent among adolescents and young adults, typically[…]

Self-criticism as a transdiagnostic process in nonsuicidal self-injury and disordered eating: Systematic review and meta-analysis

Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and disordered eating (DE) are highly comorbid and may be regarded as belonging to a spectrum of self-harm behaviors. We investigated self-criticism as a transdiagnostic correlate of these behaviors, in keeping with etiological theories of both NSSI and DE. We reviewed the literature and meta-analyzed the relation of self-criticism to both NSSI[…]

Self-directed violence surveillance: Uniform definitions and recommended data elements.

Self-directed violence (SDV) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in the United States and worldwide. Though numerous organizations collect information on fatal and non-fatal SDV, there is considerable confusion
about how to define the phenomenon. To address the current lack of uniform definitions, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) proposes the[…]

The association of multiple identities with self-directed violence and depression among transgender individuals.

Transgender individuals have a high prevalence of self-directed violence; however, there is scant literature focusing on their unique experiences. The differences in self-harm, suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, and depression based on racial/ethnic identity and sexual orientation were examined among transgender individuals. Data were gathered from the Fall 2008 and Spring 2009 National College Health Assessment.[…]

Psychological models of suicide.

Suicidal behavior is highly complex and multifaceted. Consequent to the pioneering work of Durkheim and Freud, theoreticians have attempted to explain the biological, social, and psychological nature of suicide. The present work presents an overview and critical discussion of the most influential theoretical models of the psychological mechanisms underlying the development of suicidal behavior. All[…]

Precarious employment and the risk of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts.

Highlights ¥ The effect of occupation or employment status on suicide risk is notable. ¥ There are few studies on the effect of precarious employment on suicide. ¥ We investigated the association between precarious employment and suicide risk. ¥ Precarious workers had a higher suicide risk than non-precarious workers. ¥ Precarious employment is an important[…]

The cessation of deliberate self-harm in a university sample: The reasons, barriers, and strategies involved.

Journal copy is held in CSP Library.

The support needs and experiences of suicidally bereaved family and friends.

This study aimed to identify what suicidally bereaved persons’, particularly close relatives’ and loved ones’, perceptions of their need for support were and their experiences of support directed at meeting those needs.

Risk management with suicidal patients.

The patient who is at-risk for suicide is complex and is difficult to evaluate and treat effectively. Should suicidal behavior occur, the clinician faces the potential wrath of bereaved survivors and their externalized blame exercised through a malpractice suit.

Suicide clusters and contagion.

Youth suicide is one of the most serious preventable health problems in the United States. It is the third leading cause of death among adolescents. According to a recent national survey of students in grades 9-12, nearly 15% of respondents had seriously considered suicide and 7% actually had attempted suicide in the previous 12 months.[…]