“Help me control my impulses!”: Adolescent impulsivity and its negative individual, family, peer, and community explanatory factors

The literature shows that impulsivity, prevalent in adolescence, is negatively linked with a variety of psychosocial factors (e.g., positive interpersonal relationships, emotion regulation); however, there is limited research examining the relative contribution of multiple factors for this trait nor exploring how these factors influence the associations between impulsivity and risk-related outcomes. Drawing on multiple components […]

Selfies, social, & screens: Navigating virtual spaces for youth. Back-to-school toolkit 2023

The 2023 Mental Health America Back-to-School toolkit focuses on an area that MHA has seen be a key driver of youth mental health concerns: social media and online activity. The toolkit, “Selfies, Social, & Screens: Navigating Virtual Spaces for Youth,” provides educational information and tips on how to tackle some of the most common online […]

Effects of planned teaching programme on prevention of suicidal behavior of school students among school teachers

Background: Today India has a population of adolescents that is among the largest in the world. This is the generation, which will shape India’s future. Worldwide, suicide is among the top five causes of mortality in the 13 to 19 years of age group. According to world health organization, every year, suicide is committed by at […]

School division policies related to suicide prevention and response: A MERC research and policy brief

Growing challenges with youth mental health in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic has included increases in suicidal ideation and behaviors, adding to the recent urgency in PK-12 school systems to ensure that students  receive the mental and emotional support that they need. This research and policy brief focuses on what can be done at […]

Perspectives of youth in Ireland on school-based mental health and suicide prevention: The MYSTORY study

Anxiety, depression, and suicide are leading causes of disability and death among young people, globally. Schools are an ideal setting to target young people’s mental health, yet young people’s beliefs about and experiences with school mental health and suicide prevention are not well understood. This gap in knowledge contradicts both national and international youth mental […]

A systematic review of school-based interventions aimed at preventing, treating, and responding to suicide- related behavior in young people

Background: Suicide, in particular among young people, is a major public health problem, although little is known regarding effective interventions for managing and preventing suicide-related behavior. Aims: To review the empirical literature pertaining to suicide postvention, prevention, and early intervention, specifically in school settings. Method: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CCRCT) as well […]

Does screening high school students for psychological distress, deliberate self-harm, or suicidal ideation cause distress–and is it acceptable? An Australian-based study

Background: Programs designed to detect students at risk of depression and suicidality have shown success (Shaffer et al., 2004). Aims: The current study sought to examine whether or not such a program was acceptable to participants and whether or not it caused distress. Methods: Participants were boys aged 14 to 16. Participants were assessed using an on-line questionnaire; […]

Self-report of suicidal thoughts and behavior vs. school nurse evaluations in Dutch high-school students

Background: Systematic screening to identify adolescents at risk for suicidal behavior is crucial to suicide prevention. Aims: The current practice of screening and follow-up actions taken by school nurses in schools for secondary education in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, was studied. Methods: In Rotterdam, an approach was developed in which, as a standard routine, students are invited to an […]

Seasonal suicide trends in adolescents in the US: Did they explain the apparent effect of the Netflix show 13 Reasons Why?

Introduction: Controversy surrounds the effects of the first season of the Netflix show 13 Reasons Why on adolescent suicide in the United States. This research reexamined the question using more sensitive weekly suicide counts and more sensitive tests for seasonal changes in suicide. Methods: Weekly suicide counts for adolescents ages 10– 19 and young people […]

Caregiver experiences of adolescent school reentry after adolescent hospitalization due to suicidal thoughts and behaviors: Recommendations to improve reentry practices

Background Suicide rates among adolescents increased over the past few decades. Following psychiatric hospitalization, many adolescents return to school, a context that can influence recovery. Families can play an integral role in supporting adolescents through the hospitalization and school reentry process; however, little research has focused on family experiences during adolescent school reentry. Grounded in […]

The association between school staff’s coping strategies following a student’s suicide, school climate, and previous experience with suicide

This article examines whether and to what extent school climate and previous experience of attempted suicide or suicide of someone close, affect the strategies adopted by Israeli school staff members in coping with a student’s suicide. Participants included 84 homeroom teachers, principals, counselors, and psychologists who work at schools where a student had died by […]

Educator’s views on suicide prevention in high schools and what they need

Background: Suicide is the leading cause of death among youth. Although school-aged youth are surrounded by educators and professionals, little is known about what educators want to know regarding suicide. Objective and design: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the perceived learning needs of high school educators in Northwestern Ontario (NWO) regarding suicide prevention […]

School connectedness and psychological resilience as mediators in the relationship between childhood abuse and suicidal ideation among Chinese adolescents

Background: Suicide among adolescents is a huge public health concern around the world. Although childhood abuse has been established as a substantial risk factor for suicide behaviours, potential mediators in this relationship remain unclear. Objective: This study aimed to examine the mediating roles of school connectedness and psychological resilience in the association between childhood abuse […]

Supporting Indigenous child suicide prevention within classrooms in Canada: Implications for school psychologists and educators

Indigenous young people in Canada are disproportionately overrepresented in suicide rates and alarmingly, young children are accounted for in these disparities. Since children spend much of their day at school, schools are a vital context for suicide prevention, identification, and intervention. However, research indicates that educators often report that they feel unprepared to address mental […]

Assessing the social validity of a multi-modal school-based suicide prevention intervention: A scoping study

Aims: This scoping study aimed to interview school staff, secondary school students, parents, and mental health professionals in Merseyside to determine the social validity of the MAPSS programme, and to identify any  necessary adaptations that should be made before it can be trialled, initially in Northwest England, and eventually in the whole of the UK. […]

School and electronic bullying among adolescents: Direct and indirect relationships with sadness, sleep, and suicide ideation

Introduction: Bullying is an increasing concern for education, health, and policy. Adolescence is a particularly vulnerable period for the development of depressive symptoms and suicidality following exposure to bullying. However, limited research investigating the potential impact of depressive symptoms on the bullying-suicide relationship exists. Methods: Using national data (N = 13,677) from the most recent 2019 Youth […]

In-person schooling and youth suicide: Evidence from school calendars and pandemic school closures

This study explores the effect of in-person schooling on youth suicide. We document three key findings. First, using data from the National Vital Statistics System from 1990-2019, we document the historical association between teen suicides and the school calendar. We show that suicides among 12-to-18-year-olds are highest during months of the school year and lowest […]

Reducing suicide-related stigma through peer-to-peer school-based suicide prevention programming

Youth suicide rates have consistently risen over the past decade, and stigma related to mental health may create a barrier to young people seeking help. Schools are a common intercept point for mental health and suicide prevention programming. Hope Squad, a school-based, peer-to-peer, suicide prevention program, uses trained and mentored students nominated by their peers […]

A systematic review of school-based suicide prevention interventions for adolescents, and intervention and contextual factors in prevention

Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death among adolescents, globally. Though post-primary, school-based suicide prevention (PSSP) has the potential to be a key strategy for preventing adolescent suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STBs), there are persisting challenges to translating PSSP research to practice. Intervention and contextual factors relevant to PSSP are likely key to both […]

Strength in numbers: The promise of community-based participatory research in rural education

Montana is a state that is ravaged by a suicide epidemic and mental health crisis, particularly among its youth. In an area in which harsh climates, geographic challenges, and distance to rural healthcare providers are significant barriers to mental healthcare accessibility, educators are faced with the acute social and emotional challenges of their students on […]

Effective suicide prevention and intervention in schools (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

Schools are increasingly relied upon to foster students’ social-emotional development and address mental health concerns. Schools can also play an important role in their communities by identifying and responding to youth at risk for suicide. In this chapter, we summarize existing research on suicide prevention in schools, highlight promising programs and practices, and provide recommendations […]

Implementation and dissemination strategies for school-based suicide prevention programs (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

There is a growing need for upstream suicide prevention in schools as well as guidance for program implementation that can maximize effectiveness and sustainability. This chapter highlights the benefits of using an implementation science framework to guide partnerships between schools, community partners, and healthcare organizations to enhance youth suicide prevention efforts. Examples illustrating this approach […]

Understanding suicide bereavement, contagion, and the importance of thoughtful postvention in schools (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

The rising rates of youth suicide in the USA demand thoughtful evidence-based strategies to help schools and communities recover after a suicide loss has occurred. With this chapter, we review research on the experience of suicide bereavement in adolescence, outline what is known about the potential for suicide to spread through social networks and for […]