Implementation strategies and outcomes of school-based programs for adolescent suicide prevention: A scoping review protocol

Objective This scoping review aims to identify and map the empirical literature on the implementation strategies and outcomes of school-based programs for adolescent suicide prevention (SBASP). Introduction School-based programs are preferred interventions for preventing suicide in adolescents, and their effectiveness has been well-systematized in several reviews. Implementation research is a growing field for prevention programs, […]

Effectiveness of school‐based programs to reduce bullying perpetration and victimization: An updated systematic review and meta‐analysis

Background: Bullying first emerged as an important topic of research in the 1980s in Norway (Olweus), and a recent meta‐analysis shows that these forms of aggression remain prevalent among young people globally (Modecki et al.). Prominent researchers in the field have defined  bullying as any aggressive behavior that incorporates three key elements, namely: (1) an […]

Closing the gap between screening and depression prevention: A qualitative stdy on barriers and facilitators from the perspective of public health professionals in a school-based prevention approach

Background: The prevalence of depression has increased among adolescents in western countries. Prevention is needed to reduce the number of adolescents who experience depression and to avoid negative consequences, including suicide. Several preventive interventions are found to be promising, especially multi-modal approaches, for example combining screening and preventive intervention. However, an important bottleneck arises during the […]

teen Mental Health First Aid as a school-based intervention for improving peer support of adolescents at risk of suicide: Outcomes from a cluster randomised crossover trial

Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess evidence for a novel, universal mental health literacy programme in the school setting (teen Mental Health First Aid) as an intervention to improve peer support towards adolescents at risk of suicide and to examine whether participation in a school-based programme dealing with suicide was distressing to […]

Preventing youth suicide: Potential “crossover effects” of existing school-based programs

Notable increases in youth mental health problems combined with strains on the already stretched mental health workforce raise concerns that there will be an ensuing increase in youth suicide thoughts, behaviors, and even deaths. Schools are recognized as crucial settings for youth mental health support and suicide prevention activities, yet schools also face staff shortages […]

School-based prevention targeting non-suicidal self-injury: A pilot study

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is prevalent in adolescence and is associated with increased risk for a variety of subsequent negative mental health outcomes, necessitating an evidence-based preventive approach. This pilot study examines the potential iatrogenic effects and feasibility of an evidence-based school program for the prevention of NSSI. Differences are examined between a general in-classroom prevention […]

A systematic review of school-based suicide prevention interventions for adolescents, and intervention and contextual factors in prevention

Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death among adolescents, globally. Though post-primary, school-based suicide prevention (PSSP) has the potential to be a key strategy for preventing adolescent suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STBs), there are persisting challenges to translating PSSP research to practice. Intervention and contextual factors relevant to PSSP are likely key to both […]

Dos and dont’s in designing school-based awareness programs for suicide prevention: Results of a three-stage Delphi survey

Background: Despite the promising evidence for the effectiveness of school-based awareness programs in decreasing the rates of suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts in young people, no guidelines on the targets and methods of safe and effective awareness programs exist. Aims: This study intends to distill recommendations for school-based suicide awareness and prevention programs from experts. Method: A three-stage Delphi survey […]

School-based interventions for preventing substance use in indigenous children ages 7–13: A scoping review protocol

Introduction Throughout the world, indigenous peoples share traumatic colonial experiences that have caused gross inequalities for them and continue to impact every aspect of their lives. The effect of intergenerational trauma and other health disparities have been remarkable for Indigenous children and adolescents, who are at a greater risk of adverse mental health and addiction outcomes […]

Addressing youth suicide through school-based prevention and postvention: Contemporary scholarship advancing science, practice, and policy

Youth suicide continues to be a significant public health issue, with especially elevated levels of suicide thoughts and behaviors experienced by marginalized students across race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, and age demographics. This article highlights the importance of contemporary research informing and advancing professional efforts and also introduces a special topic section including eight articles that […]

Research review: The effect of school-based suicide prevention on suicidal ideation and suicide attempts and the role of intervention and contextual factors among adolescents: A meta-analysis and meta-regression

Background: Globally, suicide is the fourth highest cause of adolescent mortality (Suicide: The effects of post-primary school-based suicide prevention (PSSP) on adolescent suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STBs) have not been comprehensively synthesised. We aim to estimate the population effect for PSSP interventions on adolescent STBs and explore how intervention effects vary based on intervention and […]

School-based health centers, depression, and suicide risk among young adolescents

Introduction This study examined whether increasing availability of mental health services at school-based health centers in Oregon public schools would be associated with a decrease in the likelihood of depressive episodes and suicide risk among adolescents. Methods The study included 168 Oregon public schools that participated in the Oregon Healthy Teens Survey in 2013 and 2015. Twenty-five schools had […]

Diffusion of a peer-led suicide preventive intervention through school-based student peer and adult networks

Background: Peer-led interventions have been applied to prevent various health behavior problems and may be an important complement to individual-level suicide prevention approaches. Sources of Strength trains student “peer leaders” in secondary schools to conduct prevention activities that encourage other students to build healthy social bonds and strengthen help-seeking norms. Prior work examining diffusion of peer-led […]

Principals’ perceptions of benefits and barriers to school-based suicide prevention programs

Suicidal behavior among children and adolescents is a national problem and schools can be an effective context for suicide prevention and intervention efforts. School-wide screening programs are viewed as most effective from a public health standpoint, although they garner the least support from school administrators. The purpose of this article is to examine administrators’ perceptions of three school-based suicide prevention […]

Stigma in school-based mental health: Perceptions of young people and service providers

Background Mental health affects one in five young people, with the majority avoiding help due to stigma. In this study, young people’s (n = 49) perception of stigma as a barrier to accessing school‐based mental health services was compared with that of service providers (n = 63), along with the perceived extent of mental health problems and availability of […]

Extracurricular activities are associated with lower suicidality through decreased thwarted belongingness in youth adults

Research has shown a negative association between extracurricular activities (ECAs) and suicidality. This study builds upon past research by using the interpersonal psychological theory of suicide to better understand the mechanisms involved in the relationship between ECAs and suicide risk. A total of 121 community and online-recruited adults ages 18 to 24-years-old participated. Self-report measures […]

Ten recommendations for effective school-based, adolescent, suicide prevention programs.

School-based suicide prevention programs are one of the key strategies to address suicide in adolescence. The number of programs increased rapidly during the 1980s and was largely designed for high school- or middle school-aged students (11–18 years old), due to the vulnerable time and predictive risk of future suicidal ideation or health problems in later life. […]

A systematic review of school-based interventions aimed at preventing, treating, and responding to suicide-related behavior in young people.

BACKGROUND: Suicide, in particular among young people, is a major public health problem, although little is known regarding effective interventions for managing and preventing suicide-related behavior. AIMS: To review the empirical literature pertaining to suicide postvention, prevention, and early intervention, specifically in school settings. METHOD: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials […]

The role of teachers in school-based suicide prevention: A qualitative study of school staff perspectives.

In response to concerns over youth suicide, there has been an increase in school-based suicide prevention programs. However, we know little about teacher perspectives on school-based suicide prevention and mental health programs. This study examined teacher roles in the implementation of a district-wide suicide prevention program through focus groups and interviews with middle school teachers, […]

Issue brief: Social and emotional learning in Canada.

Social and emotional learning (SEL) is a framework for developing social and emotional competencies that is gaining interest in Canada and the United States. The purpose of this issue brief is to provide an overview of the field of social and emotional learning in Canada, particularly within the education system. It presents a concise synopsis of […]

Child and adolescent suicidal behavior: School-based prevention, assessment, and intervention.

Meeting a crucial need, this book distills the best current knowledge on child and adolescent suicide prevention into comprehensive guidelines for school-based practitioners. The author draws on extensive research and clinical experience to provide best-practice recommendations for developing schoolwide prevention programs, conducting risk assessments, and intervening at different levels of intensity with students at risk. […]

Effects of At-school Victimization and Sexual Orientation on Lesbian, Gay, or Bisexual Youths’ Health Risk Behavior