Psychological factors as predictors of suicide actions among undergraduates in Ekiti State, Nigeria

The study examined the Psychological factors as predictors of suicide actions among undergraduates in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. Two hundred (200) samples of engineering students of Federal University Oye-Ekiti were randomly selected. Data were collected from primary sources. The framing theory was applied by using different suicide reports on […]

A systematic review of behavior-outcome psychological assessments as correlates of suicidality

Aim: Identifying correlates of suicidality is an important goal for suicide researchers because these correlates may predict suicidal behaviors. Psychological tasks that assess sensitivity to the outcomes of actions (i.e., consequence-based learning) have been commonly used by researchers seeking to identify correlates of suicidality. This is likely due to the straightforward integration of the tasks within […]

Verbal response latency as a behavioral indicator of diminished wish to live in a clinical sample of active duty army personnel with recent suicidal ideation

Objective Research on risk factors of suicide attempt has yielded little improvement in imminent risk detection for clinicians, due in part to the inherent limitations of self-report methodologies. Therefore, objective behavioral indicators of suicide risk that can be implemented practically with little cost in clinical settings are needed. Method The current study examined verbal response […]

Feasibility and validity of ecological momentary assessment in the investigation of suicide risk

Ecological Momentary Assessment has been used to investigate a wide range of behaviors and psychiatric conditions. Previous investigations have consistently obtained promising results with high acceptance and compliance rates, and with only minor reactive effects for specific variables. Despite the promise of this methodology for the study of severe psychiatric populations, little is known about its […]

Examining associations between child abuse and neglect experiences with emotion regulation difficulties indicative of adolescent suicidal ideation risk

Objective: Preliminary work indicates one specific aspect of emotion dysregulation (i.e., limited access to emotion regulation strategies) uniquely associates with adolescent suicide ideation. An optimal score cut point on a measure of this emotion dysregulation impairment has been identified to indicate risk for past-year suicidal ideation. Examining types of child abuse and neglect associated with being […]

Promoting the community’s ability to detect and respond to suicide risk through an online bystander intervention model-informed tool: A randomized controlled trial

Background: The public health sector has advocated for more innovative, technology-based, suicide prevention education for the community, to improve their ability to detect and respond to suicide risk. Emerging evidence suggests addressing the bystander effect through the Bystander Intervention Model (BIM) in education material may have potential for suicide prevention. Aims: The current study aimed to assess whether […]

Suicide biomarkers to predict risk, classify diagnostic subtypes, and identify novel therapeutic targets: 5 years of promising research

Background Suicide is a global health crisis. However, no objective biomarkers of suicide risk currently exist, and self-reported data can be unreliable, which limits prediction, diagnostic, and treatment efforts. Reliable biomarkers that can differentiate between diagnostic subgroups, predict worsening symptoms, or suggest novel therapeutic targets would be extremely valuable for patients, researchers, and clinicians. Methods […]

Prenatal origins of suicide mortality: A prospective cohort study in the United States

Most suicide research focuses on acute precipitants and is conducted in high-risk populations. Yet, vulnerability to suicide is likely established years prior to its occurrence. In this study, we aimed to investigate the risk of suicide mortality conferred by prenatal sociodemographic and pregnancy-related factors. Offspring of participants (N = 49,853) of the Collaborative Perinatal Project, a U.S. […]

Prediction of suicidal ideation risk in a prospective cohort study of medical interns

The purpose of this study was to identify individual and residency program factors associated with increased suicide risk, as measured by suicidal ideation. We utilized a prospective, longitudinal cohort study design to assess the prevalence and predictors of suicidal ideation in 6,691 (2012–2014 cohorts, training data set) and 4,904 (2015 cohort, test data set) first-year […]

A population-wide analysis of the familial risk of suicide in Utah, USA

BackgroundThe degree to which suicide risk aggregates in US families is unknown. The authors aimed to determine the familial risk of suicide in Utah, and tested whether familial risk varies based on the characteristics of the suicides and their relatives. MethodsA population-based sample of 12 160 suicides from 1904 to 2014 were identified from the […]

Under the surface: The role of covert cues in peer suicide risk referrals

Suicidal thoughts and behaviors are highly prevalent among adolescents, and peers are often the first, and sometimes only, people to know about youth suicidality. Since many adolescents do not directly disclose suicidal thoughts, school-based suicide prevention programs aim to train youth to recognize warning signs of suicide in their peers that serve as “cues” to […]

Accuracy requirements for cost-effective suicide risk prediction among primary care patients in the US

Objective: To identify threshold values of sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value that a suicide risk prediction method must attain to cost-effectively target a suicide risk reduction intervention to high-risk individuals. Design, setting, and participants: This economic evaluation incorporated published data on suicide epidemiology, the health care and societal costs of suicide, and the costs and efficacy […]

Suicide risk assessment toolkit: A resource for healthcare workers and organizations

Our Suicide Risk Assessment Toolkit, developed in collaboration with the Canadian Patient Safety Institute, provides a high-level overview of what health-care workers and organization need to consider when using suicide risk assessment tools. It also highlights and describes a range of available tools.

Gender differences in the predictors of suicide-related morbidity among veterans reporting current housing instability

Background: Veterans experiencing housing instability are at increased risk of suicide. Research is needed to identify gender differences in the predictors of both suicidal ideation and suicide attempt, particularly among Veterans who are unstably housed. Objectives: The objective of the present study was to explore whether correlates of suicide-related morbidity among unstably housed Veterans vary by gender […]

Abuse and suicide risk among college students in the United States: Findings from the 2019 Healthy Minds Study

Background: Suicide has increased among American youth, and remains a concern on college campuses where students have reported increasing levels of psychological distress, alcohol use, social isolation, and loneliness. Abuse is known to be a risk factor for suicide, but more research is needed to understand whether current specific types of abuse and their co-occurrence are […]

Comparing suicide risk insights derived from clinical and social media data

Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the US and the 2nd leading cause of death among teenagers. Clinical and psychosocial factors contribute to suicide risk (SRFs), although documentation and self-expression of such factors in EHRs and social networks vary. This study investigates the degree of variance across EHRs and social networks. We […]

Are volunteering and caregiving associated with suicide risk? A census-based longitudinal study

Background Opposing risks have been identified between different prosocial activities, with volunteering having been linked to better mental health while caregiving has been associated with higher prevalence and incidence of depression. This study explored suicide risk of people engaged in prosocial activities of caregiving and/or volunteering. Methods A Census-based record linkage study of 1,018,000 people […]

Staff awareness of suicide and self-harm risk in healthcare settings: A mixed-methods systematic review

Background Suicide risk screening in healthcare settings plays a significant role in suicide prevention. Healthcare staff who are poorly informed about self-harm and suicide risk are less likely to identify and subsequently screen at-risk individuals. This mixed-method systematic review aimed to appraise and synthesise evidence from studies that explored and promoted healthcare staff’s knowledge and […]

Old-for-grade status and suicide risk in U.S. high school students

Health-risk behaviors associated with increased risk of suicide are more prevalent in old-for-grade students compared to age-appropriate-for-grade peers; however, the association between old-for-grade status and suicidal behavior is largely unknown. This study investigated sex-specific differences in suicidal ideation, planning, attempts, and other risk behaviors by old-for-grade status. Secondary analyses utilizing bivariate and logistic regression methods […]

Suicides in psychiatric patients: Identifying health care-related factors through clinical practice reviews

The objective of this study was to identify health care-related factors associated with death by suicide in psychiatric patients and to gain insight into clinician views on how to deal with suicidality. The study material derived from a clinician committee in a psychiatric department reviewing every outpatient and inpatient suicide in a standardized way. Reports’ […]

Physical activity, sedentary, and dietary behaviors associated with indicators of mental health and suicide risk

We used data from the 2017 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey to examine associations between physical activity, sedentary, and healthy dietary behaviors and indicators of mental health, suicidal thoughts, and suicidal attempts among a representative sample of US high school students. Sex-stratified logistic regression was used to separately model each mental health-related outcome on the […]

Predicting death by suicide with administrative health care system data

ABSTRACT Quantifying suicide risk with risk scales is common in clinical practice, but the performance of risk scales has been shown to be limited. Prediction models have been developed to quantify suicide risk and have been shown to outperform risk scales, but these models have not been commonly adopted in clinical practice. The original research […]

Clinician-recalled quoted speech in electronic health records and risk of suicide attempt: A case-crossover study

Objective: Clinician narrative style in electronic health records (EHR) has rarely been investigated. Clinicians sometimes record brief quotations from patients, possibly more frequently when higher risk is perceived. We investigated whether the frequency of quoted phrases in an EHR was higher in time periods closer to a suicide attempt. Design: A case-crossover study was conducted in a […]