Conducting research in crisis helpline settings: Common challenges and proposed solutions

In this editorial the editors argue that researchers in crisis helpline settings should consider evolving theoretical understandings of suicidality when selecting outcome measures, and that increased consistency across studies in outcome measurement is needed. Using an upcoming crisis helpline study as an example, the editors offer solutions to common challenges in randomized controlled trial (RCT) […]

Future directions for optimizing clinical science & safety: Ecological momentary assessments in suicide/self-harm research

Objective: Mobile technology has facilitated rapid growth in the use of intensive longitudinal methods (ILM), such as ecological momentary assessments (EMA), that help identify proximal indicators of risk in real-time and real-world settings. To realize the potential of ILM for advancing knowledge regarding suicidal and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITB), this article aims to provide […]

Suicide research in mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau over three decades: A scoping review

Background: China accounts for 15% of the global suicide death toll, yet suicide research efforts in the country are not well known by international colleagues. Aims: We aimed to outline the development of suicide research in China, appraise research findings, and identify key contributors. Method: English and Chinese research publication databases were systematically searched and relevant papers were reviewed. Chinese […]

Identifying suicide and self-harm research priorities in north west England: A Delphi study

Background: Understanding and effectively managing self-harm and suicide require collaborative research between stakeholders focused on shared priorities. Aims: We aimed to develop a consensus about suicide and self-harm research priorities in the North West of England using the Delphi method. Method: Items for the Delphi survey were generated through group discussions at a workshop with […]

Implementation science in suicide prevention

The suicidal process is a complex phenomenon involving multiple intertwined factors, which makes its prevention particularly challenging. As evidence-based suicide prevention interventions evolve and consolidate, it becomes increasingly important to ensure that effective interventions are efficiently implemented in practice and translated into the quality programs and care that benefit people at risk of suicidal behavior.

Researching the researchers: Psychological distress and psychosocial stressors according to career stage in mental health researchers

Background Although there are many benefits associated with working in academia, this career path often involves structural and organisational stressors that can be detrimental to wellbeing and increase susceptibility to psychological distress and mental ill health. This exploratory study examines experiences of work-related psychosocial stressors, psychological distress, and mental health diagnoses among mental health researchers. […]

Translating promise into practice: A review of machine learning in suicide research and prevention

In ever more pressured health-care systems, technological solutions offering scalability of care and better resource targeting are appealing. Research on machine learning as a technique for identifying individuals at risk of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and death has grown rapidly. This research often places great emphasis on the promise of machine learning for preventing suicide, but […]

Leveraging data science to enhance suicide prevention research: A literature review

Objective The purpose of this research is to identify how data science is applied in suicide prevention literature, describe the current landscape of this literature and highlight areas where data science may be useful for future injury prevention research. Design We conducted a literature review of injury prevention and data science in April 2020 and January 2021 […]

Building a shared Canadian research and knowledge translation agenda on suicide and its prevention

Discussion guide: spotlight development and review process. Includes PowerPoint presentation: Creating a suicide surveillance vision: Data and evidence opportunities

The benefits and risks of asking research participants about suicide: A meta-analysis of the impact of exposure to suicide-related content

One obstacle potentially hindering research on suicide is the assumption that assessing suicide may make individuals more likely to engage in suicidal thoughts or behaviours; a concern expressed by ethics committees, researchers, and clinicians. However, decisions which are overly cautious and restrictive when approving research proposals will hinder important research in this area. The present […]

25 years of suicide research and prevention: How much has changed?

Twenty five years ago the 1995 World Health Report noted that suicide was the second leading cause of death for young people in most countries (second only to accidents), with rates rising more quickly than those of any other age group (World Health Organization, 1995). It was on this backdrop that the first issue of Clinical […]

Suicide research, prevention, and COVID-19: Towards a global response and the establishment of an international research collaboration

The COVID-19 pandemic of 2020 is a major global health challenge. At the time of writing, over 11.6 million people around the world had been registered as infected and 538,000 had died (Worldometers, 2020, accessed July 7, 2020). Public health responses to COVID-19 need to balance direct efforts to control the disease and its impact […]

Empowering youth to build BRIDGES: Youth leadership in suicide prevention

Suicide is a prevalent health issue for youth and understanding youth experiences is critical for the development of effective prevention strategies. Although youth perceptions regarding suicide are relatively well studied, there is a paucity of youth voices in the planning, design, facilitation, and implementation of suicide prevention research. This study examines youth perceptions of suicide […]

Research on suicide and its prevention: What the current evidence reveals and topics for future research

What does the current evidence tell us about suicide, and what can be done to prevent suicidal behaviours? Where are the evidence gaps when it comes to fully understanding the complex and often interacting factors that drive individuals to self-harming behaviours, and what are the most appropriate and effective tools to assist them? To help […]

Ethical concerns in suicide research: Results of an international researcher survey

Researchers and research ethics committees share a common goal of conducting ethically sound research. However, little is known of researchers’ experiences in obtaining ethics approval for suicide-related studies. This study aimed to investigate what concerns researchers have received on suicide-related ethics applications and how they dealt with it. Thirty-four respondents, recruited through the International Association […]

It’s not easy – impacts of suicide prevention research on study staff

Suicide prevention researchers who work with individuals at high risk of suicide or are exposed to details of suicide attempts and deaths may experience negative impacts on their own well-being. This is not unlike the experiences of mental health providers, where repeated exposure to clients’ difficult experiences has long been identified as an occupational risk […]

A prioritized research agenda for suicide prevention: What was the process? Research priorities for suicide prevention in Canada

Resilience as a focus of suicide research and prevention

Suicide is a major medical and social problem. Decades of suicide research have mostly focused on risk factors for suicidal behaviour while overlooking protective factors such as resilience that may help to address this important public health issue. Resilience is the capacity and dynamic process of adaptively overcoming stress and adversity while maintaining normal psychological […]

Reducing a suicidal person’s access to lethal means of suicide: A research agenda

Reducing the availability of highly lethal and commonly used suicide methods has been associated with declines in suicide rates of as much as 30%–50% in other countries. The theory and evidence underlying means restriction is outlined. Most evidence of its efficacy comes from population-level interventions and natural experiments. In the U.S., where 51% of suicides […]

Virtual reality suicide: Development of a translational approach for studying suicide causes

Causal knowledge is crucial for understanding and preventing suicide. Unfortunately, we have little direct knowledge about suicide causes because we cannot conduct experiments that seek to make suicide more likely. In such situations, translational approaches can provide valuable, though tentative, information. We sought to establish a new translational approach by developing a laboratory approximation of […]

Veteran participation in intensive suicide research protocols: No evidence of iatrogenic effects

Suicide research remains fraught with ethical and methodological issues, including researchers’ reservations about conducting intensive suicide research protocols due to potential iatrogenic effects and liability concerns. Such issues significantly impede scientific inquiry related to suicide. To date, no research has explored potential iatrogenic effects of intensive, nontreatment suicide research among Veterans. This study aimed to […]

A critical analysis of myth-perpetuating research on suicide prevention

A critical review of a well-known explanation of variations in rates of death by suicide in First Nations communities in British Columbia and a lesser-known explanation of changes in suicide rates in Inuit communities in Nunavut. In both cases author comments on the limited ability to make broad generalizations about suicide behaviour among Indigenous populations […]

Harmful or helpful? A systematic review of how those bereaved through suicide experience research participation

Background: Many of the bereaved through suicide are interested in participating in postvention studies. However, there is a contradiction between the positive experiences of research participation and concerns raised by ethical boards. Aims: To review studies on the experience of research participation by those bereaved through suicide, including initial contact with the study and its short- and long-term […]