Prevalence of suicide in immigrants/refugees: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Objective In recent years, there has been an increase in immigrant populations worldwide. This study aims to present the global prevalence of suicide between immigrants and refugees as well as to report the prevalence of suicide ideation, suicide mortality, suicide attempts, and plan of suicide. Method Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA’s) […]

Staff perspectives of safety planning as a suicide prevention intervention for people of refugee and asylum-seeker background: A qualitative investigation

Background: Safety planning involves the co-development of a personalized list of coping strategies to prevent a suicide crisis. Aims: We explored the perspectives of workers regarding safety planning as a suicide prevention strategy for people of refugee background and those seeking asylum in Australia. Method: Participants attended suicide prevention training, specific to refugees and asylum seekers, at which safety planning […]

An evaluation of suicide prevention education for people working with refugees and asylum seekers: Improvements in competence, attitudes, and confidence

Background: There are concerning rates of suicidality among asylum seekers and refugees in Australia, and tailored suicide prevention initiatives are needed. Aims: We aimed to evaluate the impact of a tailored suicide prevention education program for people working with asylum seekers and refugees. Method: Attendees of the education program completed self-report questionnaires at pretraining, posttraining, and 4–6 months follow-up. Results: Over 400 […]

Preventing suicide in refugees and asylum seekers: A rapid literature review examining the role of suicide prevention training for health and support staff

Background Refugees and asylum seekers are exposed to a unique set of circumstances and experiences that are associated with an increased suicide risk. Suicide prevention training has been recognised as a central component supporting a comprehensive approach to suicide prevention. Limited literature exists exploring the role of suicide prevention training for health and support staff […]

Prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among refugees: A meta‑analysis

Background Suicidal ideation and attempts are one of the most serious mental health problems affecting refugees. Risk factors such as mental disorders, low socio-economic status, and stressful life events all contribute to making refugees a high-risk group. For this reason, this meta-analysis aims to investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts among refugees in […]

Suicide rates and suicidal behaviour in displaced people: A systematic review

Background Refugees, and other forcibly displaced people, face mental distress and may be disproportionately affected by risk factors for suicide. Little is known about suicidal behaviour in these highly mobile populations because collecting timely, relevant, and reliable data is challenging. Methods and findings A systematic review was performed to identify studies of any design reporting […]

The experiences of Syrian mothers who are refugees in Canada: An exploration of emotion work and coping

The refugee crisis is one of the worst humanitarian crises of the 21st century. Refugee mothers endure elevated rates of mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, trauma, and suicidality. However, existing interventions for mothers who are refugees are scarce and rarely provide adequate support for their specific mental health needs and challenges. Thus, this […]

Risk of suicide attempt and suicide in young adult refugees compared to their Swedish-born peers: A register-based cohort study

Purpose Refugees, especially minors, who often have experienced traumatic events, are a vulnerable group regarding poor mental health. Little is known, however, of their risk of suicidal behaviour as young adults. We aimed to investigate the risk of suicidal behaviour for young adult refugees who migrated as minors. The moderating role of education and history […]

High suicide rates among unaccompanied minors/youth seeking asylum in Sweden

Background and aim: We aimed to assess rates and background factors of suicide among unaccompanied minors/youth (10-21 years of age) seeking asylum in Sweden in 2017, and to compare these rates with rates in the Swedish general population of the same age. Method: Data were collected and validated using information from four governmental agencies and two nongovernmental organizations. […]

The mental health of immigrants and refugees: Canadian evidence from a nationally linked database

Abstract Background: Few studies of the healthy immigrant effect (HIE) have examined the mental health outcomes of Canadian‑born individuals on a national scale compared with immigrants by admission category. This study fills this gap by examining the self‑reported mental health (SRMH) of immigrants by admission category and other immigration dimensions (e.g., source world region and […]

Healthcare use before and after suicide attempt in refugees and Swedish-born individuals

Purpose There is a lack of research on whether healthcare use before and after a suicide attempt differs between refugees and the host population. We aimed to investigate if the patterns of specialised (inpatient and specialised outpatient) psychiatric and somatic healthcare use, 3 years before and after a suicide attempt, differ between refugees and the Swedish-born […]

We have always been here: A queer muslim memoir.

Samra Habib has spent most of her life searching for the safety to be herself. As an Ahmadi Muslim growing up in Pakistan, she faced regular threats from Islamic extremists who believed the small, dynamic sect to be blasphemous. From her parents, she internalized the lesson that revealing her identity could put her in grave […]

Mental illness and resilience among sexual and gender minority refugees and asylum seekers.

It is well documented that refugees and asylum seekers (RAS) experience high levels of mental illness. This is also true of sexual and/or gender minority (SGM) individuals. Based on a literature summary, we present the current research on mental illness in individuals who experience the ‘multiple minority stress’ of being both SGM individuals and RAS.

Depression and suicidality in an Afghan refugee: A case report

We report the case of a young male refugee from Afghanistan who presented after a violent suicide attempt, likely precipitated in part by discrimination and social isolation experienced after immigrating to the United States. Common psychiatric comorbidities associated with immigration from war-torn nations are reviewed with a particular emphasis on how adequate screening and additional […]

“I tend to forget bad things”: Immigrant and refugee young men’s narratives of distress

Distress among young immigrant and refugee men has drawn increasing research attention in recent years. Nuanced understandings of distress are needed to inform mental health and public health programming. The purpose of this research was to examine distress from the perspectives of young immigrant and refugee men living in Greater Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Thirty-three […]

Suicidal behavior of immigrants and ethnic minorities in Europe.

Leading experts examine suicidal behavior and its prevention in immigrants and their descendants – the fastest expanding proportion of the population in many European countries. Nearly half of the inhabitants of several large European cities, such as London, Berlin, or Amsterdam, and a rising proportion of many countries’ overall population, are immigrants or from an […]

Access and utilization of mental health services for immigrants and refugees: Perspectives of immigrant service providers

Immigrant and refugee populations experience life stressors due to difficult migration journeys and challenges in leaving one country and adapting to another. These life stressors result in adverse mental health outcomes when coupled with a lack of adequate support- enhancing resources. One area of support is access to and use of mental health services to […]

Resettling refugees: Canada’s humanitarian commitments

Canada’s mental health response for incoming refugees should focus on fostering people’s wellness and recognizing the tremendous resilience of refugee populations. To do this, special attention needs to be paid to the unique needs of individual refugees – their experiences of trauma, loss, separation from family and friends, their hopes and goals for the future. […]

Supporting the mental health of refugees to Canada

Canada’s mental health response for incoming refugees should focus on fostering people’s wellness and recognizing the tremendous resilience of refugee populations. To do this, special attention needs to be paid to the unique needs of individual refugees – their experiences of trauma, loss, separation from family and friends, their hopes and goals for the future. […]

Predictors of positive mental health among refugees: Results from Canada’s general social survey

Do refugees have lower levels of positive mental health than other migrants? If so, to what extent is this attributable to post-migration experiences, including discrimination? How does gender affect the relationships between post-migration experience and positive mental health? To address these questions, the current study uses data from Statistics Canada’s 2013 General Social Survey (GSS), […]

What can we expect of the mental health and well-being of Syrian refugee children and adolescents in Canada?

Canada has accepted over 35,000 Syrian refugees since November 2015; just under half of these refugees are under the age of 15 (Government of Canada, 2016; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 2016). This paper reviews the current literature on the pre- and postarrival mental health of refugee children and adolescents to determine (a) whether […]

Refugee mental health: How Canada supports the world’s most vulnerable in their transition to becoming Canadian

Canada has been a sanctuary for refugees for many generations and is currently involved in welcoming a new cohort of Syrian refu­gees. Refugees represent a vulnerable population in Canada who require support in order to establish themselves and prevent the onset of mental illness. This article briefly describes Canada’s experience with refugees and then explores […]

Challenges of combining perspectives: A qualitative study of the communication between female suicidal asylum seekers and mental health clinicians

Background: Asylum seekers have increased risk of suicide and suicidal behavior, with differences related to origin, gender, and age. There are barriers to communication in clinical encounters between asylum seekers and clinicians. There is insufficient knowledge about how communication in the clinical encounter affects the suicide risk in female asylum seekers. Aims: To explore the […]