Socioeconomic inequalities in suicide mortality in European urban areas before and during the economic recession
Background: Few studies have assessed the impact of the financial crisis on inequalities in suicide mortality in European urban areas. The objective of the study was to analyse the trend in area socioeconomic inequalities in suicide mortality in nine European urban areas before and after the beginning of the financial crisis. Methods: This ecological study of trends […]
Social media use, economic recession and income inequality in relation to trends in youth suicide in high-income countries: A time trends analysis
Background Suicide rates have risen in young people in several high-income countries over the last decade. Reasons for the increases are unclear. Methods We analysed trends in suicide rates in 15-24 year olds over the period 2000-2017 in high-income countries with populations >20 million using Joinpoint analysis. We investigated differences in the following population-level exposures […]
Projected COVID-19 MHSUD impacts, volume 2: Effects of COVID-induced economic recession (COVID Recession) on veteran suicide and substance use disorder (SUD) – June 15, 2020
On April 28, 2020, the Meadows Mental Health Policy Institute (MMHPI) issued the first in a series of reports analyzing the mental health impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our initial report projected the impact of a COVID-induced economic recession (the COVID recession) on increases in rates of suicide, illicit-drug related deaths, and substance use disorders. […]
Occupational class differences in suicide: Evidence of changes over time and during the global financial crisis in Australia
BACKGROUND: Previous research showed an increase in Australian suicide rates during the Global Financial Crisis (GFC). There has been no research investigating whether suicide rates by occupational class changed during the GFC. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the GFC-associated increase in suicide rates in employed Australians may have masked changes by […]
Impact of oil recession on community mental health service utilization in an oil sands mining region in Canada.
Objectives: This retrospective clinical audit compared changes in community mental health service utilization before and during an economic recession in an oil sands region in Canada which was characterized by a doubling of unemployment rates and poor economic outlook. Methods: Sociodemographic descriptors, psychiatric antecedents, clinical characteristics and follow-up care were compared before and during the […]
Economic recession, alcohol, and suicide rates: Comparative effects of poverty, foreclosure, and job loss.
Introduction Suicide rates and the proportion of alcohol-involved suicides rose during the 2008–2009 recession. Associations between county-level poverty, foreclosures, and unemployment and suicide rates and proportion of alcohol-involved suicides were investigated. Methods In 2015, National Violent Death Reporting System data from 16 states in 2005–2011 were utilized to calculate suicide rates and a measure of […]
Heavy alcohol use among suicide decedents relative to a nonsuicide comparison group: Gender-specific effects of economic contraction.
Background The primary objective of this gender-stratified study was to assess the rate of heavy alcohol use among suicide decedents relative to a nonsuicide comparison group during the 2008 to 2009 economic crisis. Methods The National Violent Death Reporting System and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were analyzed by gender-stratified multiple logistic regression to […]
WHO recently estimated that 804 000 people worldwide died by suicide during 2012.1 Suicide prevention experts have historically focused their attention on elevated risk during times of economic downturn.
We examined the association between state-level foreclosure and suicide rates from 2005 to 2010 and considered variation in the effect of foreclosure on suicide by age. The foreclosure crisis has likely contributed to increased suicides, independent of other economic factors associated with the recession. Rising foreclosure rates may be partially responsible for the recent uptick […]
What happened to suicides during the Greek economic crisis? Findings from an ecological study of suicides and their determinants (2003-2012).
To determine whether English regions worst affected by the economic recession in the United Kingdom in 2008-10 have had the greatest increases in suicides.
The body economic: Why austerity kills.Recessions, budget battles and the politics of life and death.
Unemployment and suicide during and after a deep recession: a longitudinal study of 3.4 million Swedish men and women.
The global economic crisis has affected the Greek economy with unprecedented severity, making Greece an important test of the relationship between socioeconomic determinants and a population’s well-being. Suicide and homicide mortality rates among men increased by 22.7% and 27.6%, respectively, between 2007 and 2009, and mental disorders, substance abuse, and infectious disease morbidity showed deteriorating […]