Characteristics of train stations where railway suicides have occurred and locations within the stations
Background: To devise effective railway suicide countermeasures, it is necessary to identify stations where suicide is likely to occur. Aim: We explored the characteristics of stations where railway suicides have occurred and locations within the stations. Method: (Study 1) Using suicide data from between April 2014 and September 2019 provided by a major railway company in Japan, station-specific suicide was[…]
Intervening to prevent suicide at railway locations: Findings from a qualitative study with front-line staff and rail commuters
Background: For every suicide on the British railway network, at least six potential attempts are interrupted by front-line staff or rail commuters. However, the factors that maximise or hinder the likelihood and effectiveness of such interventions are poorly understood. Aims: The aim of the current study was to shed light on the experience of intervening to prevent[…]
Responsibly communicating delays after suicides on railways: the impact of delay announcements on suicide-related associations and emotions, and announcement appreciation
Background: By communicating collision with a person as a reason for post-suicide railway delays, railway companies may involuntarily communicate to the public that colliding with a train is a suicide method. Aims: To compare the impact of the collision with a person delay announcement with an announcement about emergency services and one about collision with[…]
Background: It is necessary to identify stations where suicide is likely to occur to devise promising railway suicide countermeasures. Aim: We examined the relationship between station characteristics and the occurrence of suicide. Methods: (Study 1) Using suicide data between April 2014 and September 2019 provided by a major railway company in Japan, station-specific suicide was[…]
Along with LivingWorks and the Centre for Suicide Prevention, Calgary Transit is providing suicide awareness and prevention. training. This program provides a way to identify and get help for someone at risk of suicide. Suicide safety starts here.
Collecting evidence from distributed sources to evaluate railway suicides and trespass prevention measures.
It can be difficult to select from available safety preventative measures, especially where there is limited evidence of effectiveness in different contexts. This paper describes application of a method to identify and evaluate wide-ranging preventative measures for rail suicide and trespass fatalities. Evidence from literature and industry sources was collated and reviewed in a two[…]
Characteristics of railway suicides in Canada and comparison with accidental railway fatalities: Implications for prevention
This study presents and compares the prevalence and characteristics of rail-related suicide and other railway fatalities in Canada over 10 years, from 1999 to 2008. The methodology involved in-depth data analysis of records from provincial coroner and medical examiner’s investigations, railway company reports and Transportation Safety Board data. We identify physical risk factors and psychosocial descriptions[…]
A systematic review of the literature on safety measures to prevent railway suicides and trespassing accidents
This review covers a central aspect in railway safety which is the prevention of suicides and trespassing accidents. The paper attempts to answer the following research question: ‘What measures are available to reduce railway suicide and trespass, and what is the evidence for their effectiveness?’ The review is based on 139 relevant publications, ranging from[…]
Does the installation of blue lights on train platforms shift suicide to another station?: Evidence from Japan.
stalling physical barriers at suicide hotspots is known as an effective strategy for suicide prevention. However, the effectiveness of physical barriers may be nullified by the substitution phenomenon, i.e., that restricting access to a particular place induces people at risk to look for a nearby place for suicide.
This study tests whether[…]
Charaacteristics of railway suicides in Canada and comparison with accidental railway fatalities: Implications for prevention.
Over 10 years, we identified 460 railway accidental deaths and 428 suicides in Canada.
In accidents, impairment (illness, substance abuse, age) plays an important role.
More intense warnings of approaching trains may help prevent accidental deaths.
More than one-third of suicides occur on rails near psychiatric facilities.
Improved training in[…]