Race and depressive symptoms are associated with the prevalence of adolescent suicide attempts in Hawai’i, Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2015-2017

Suicide is death caused by injuring oneself with the intent to die. According to the 2017 National Vital Statistics report, suicide was the second leading cause of death for adolescents 10-24 years old, accounting for 19.2% of deaths in that age group. Aggregated 2015-2017 Hawai‘i Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) data from 12 120 respondents[…]

Exploration of race and ethnicity, sex, sport-related concussion, depression history, and suicide attempts in US youth

Importance  Racial, ethnic, and sex disparities for concussion incidence and suicide attempts in youth have been reported, but data on the interaction of these variables in a large national data set are lacking. Understanding how race and ethnicity interact with sex and concussion to influence suicide attempts could yield critical information on the sociocultural impact of[…]

Sleep health disparities: A promising target for preventing suicide in black youth?

Youth suicide is an urgent public health concern, particularly for Black youth, among whom suicide attempts and death have increased faster than any other racial or ethnic group. Ideal foci for suicide prevention interventions are risk factors that are malleable, dynamic, and proximal. Studies consistently identify poor sleep health as a risk factor for suicidal[…]

Correlates of suicide risk among Black and White adults with behavioral health disorders in criminal-legal systems

Adults with behavioral health disorders in criminal-legal systems are at heightened risk of suicide relative to the general population. Despite documented racial disparities in criminal processing and behavioral health treatment, few studies have examined racial differences in suicide risk in this already high-risk population. This study examined 1) the correlates of suicide risk[…]

A question of justice: Critically researching suicide with Indigenous studies of affect, biosociality, and land-based relations

This paper considers how Indigenous studies can inform the evolution of critical research on suicide. Aligned with critiques of mainstream suicidology, these methodological approaches provide a roadmap for structural analysis of complex systems and logics in which the phenomenon of suicide emerges. Moving beyond mere naming of social determinants of suicide and consistent with calls[…]

Temporal trends in suicidal ideation and attempts among US adolescents by sex and race/ethnicity, 1991-2019

Objective  To examine differences in temporal trends between suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in US adolescents from 1991 through 2019 by sex and race/ethnicity subgroups. Design, Setting, and Participants  A cross-sectional analysis of the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey, weighted to represent US adolescents from 1991 to 2019, included 183 563 US high-school students in grades 9[…]

Trends in suicide rates by race and ethnicity in the United States

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported a decrease in the 2019 suicide rate, from 14.2 per 100 000 individuals in 2018 to 13.9 per 100 000 individuals in 2019, representing 833 fewer suicides.1 This is the first national year-over-year decrease since 1999, but efforts need to consider trends among subgroups. Growing concerns regarding[…]

Racial/ethnic disparities in the performance of prediction models for death by suicide after mental health visits

Objective  To evaluate racial/ethnic differences in the performance of statistical models that predict suicide. Design, Setting, and Participants  In this diagnostic/prognostic study, performed from January 1, 2009, to September 30, 2017, with follow-up through December 31, 2017, all outpatient mental health visits to 7 large integrated health care systems by patients 13 years or older were evaluated.[…]

Variable circumstances of suicide among racial/ethnic groups by sex and age: A National Violent-Death Reporting System analysis

Suicide rates vary by race/ethnicity, but little is known about how the circumstances that contribute to suicide differ across racial/ethnic groups. This study investigated suicide circumstances among non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks, non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islanders, non-Hispanic Native American/Alaskan Natives, and Hispanics by sex and age. Using de-identified National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) Restricted Access Database[…]

Toward an intersectional approach in developmental science: The role of race, gender, sexual orientation, and immigrant status.

Developmental theory and research have often focused on a single social identity category, for example, race or sexual orientation, and examined the consequences of that category on life outcomes. Yet intersectional models of social disadvantage (eg, Cole, 2009; Crenshaw, 1995; King, 1988) suggest that social categories combine to shape the experiences and life outcomes of[…]