Suicidal ideation in patients experiencing a first-episode psychosis: Findings from the 2-year follow-up of the “Parma Early Psychosis” program

Objective Although suicide behavior is relevant in first-episode psychosis (FEP), little is known about suicidal ideation and its longitudinal stability. The aim of this study was (1) to assess incidence rates of suicide attempts, completed suicide, and suicidal thinking in FEP individuals at baseline and over a 24-month follow-up period; (2) to explore any significant […]

Distinguishing veterans with suicidal ideation from suicide attempt history: The role of emotion reactivity

Introduction Growing evidence suggests emotion reactivity—sensitivity and intensity of emotional experience—may represent a diathesis for suicide risk. However, our understanding of its ability to differentiate risk for suicidal ideation (SI) from suicide attempt (SA) is limited. Method This study compares Veterans with SI (n = 81) to Veterans with SA (n = 177) history on factors relevant to emotion […]

Incorporating psychopathology into the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (IPTS)

Background The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (IPTS) posits that the joint presence of perceived burdensomeness (PB), thwarted belongingness (TB), and capability for suicide (CS) is necessary for suicide attempt. Emerging evidence demonstrates these effects are not consistently observed. Psychopathology may independently impact on the explanatory power of the IPTS constructs. Aims The aims of […]

Identifying person-specific coping responses to suicidal urges: A case series analysis and illustration of the idiographic method

Introduction Suicide is a leading cause of death. One challenge to prevention efforts is the wide phenomenological heterogeneity in suicidal urges, thoughts, and behaviors across individuals at risk. Despite this heterogeneity, most suicide research estimates group-level effects by averaging across people as if they were the same, preventing detection of person-specific factors that may modulate […]

Suicidal behaviors in women with the hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

Background Hypermobile Ehlers–Danlos syndrome (hEDS) is the most frequent heritable disorder of the connective tissue. This is characterized by a generalized fragility of tissues leading to chronic pain, disability and high levels of psychological distress. Suicidal behaviors in those affected are not uncommon but they have not been well studied. We aimed to explore aspects […]

The latent structure of child and adolescent psychopathology and its association with different forms of trauma and suicidality and self-harm

The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) is a multidimensional and hierarchical model of the latent structure of psychopathology. While HiTOP has received much support in child/adolescent community samples, fewer studies have assessed this model in clinical samples of children/adolescents. Here, we modelled the latent structure of 45 symptoms of psychopathology from a clinical sample of […]

Optimal PAI-A cutoffs to determine risk for non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide-related behavior (SRB) among at-risk adolescents

Objective This study examines psychopathology and personality correlates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide-related behavior (SRB) in an understudied sample of adolescents who have exhibited behaviors (e.g., delinquent acts, premature high school termination) that place them at-risk for poor psychosocial outcomes. Method Participants included a predominantly White male sample of 182 adolescents (Mage = 16.82 years). In […]

Assessment of psychological pain in clinical and non-clinical samples: A preliminary investigation using the psychic pain scale

Psychological pain is an important contributing factor to suicide risk. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Psychic Pain Scale (PPS), a new measure assessing unbearable negative affect as described in Maltsberger’s theory of suicidality. The PPS was administered to n = 131 adult psychiatric patients as well as n = 953 undergraduate students. An initial factor analysis which […]

Sociodemographic and psychopathological risk factors in repeated suicide attempts: Gender differences in a prospective study

BACKGROUND: The prevention of the repetition of suicide attempts is an important feature of the care of attempters but current data fail to give actual predictors of repetition. The aim of this study was to characterize sociodemographic and psychopathological features and risk factors associated with future repetition of suicide attempts in two years. The study […]

Parental suicide attempt and offspring self-harm and suicidal thoughts: Results from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children birth cohort

OBJECTIVE: Parental suicidal behavior is associated with offspring’s risk of suicidal behavior. However, much of the available evidence is from population registers or clinical samples. We investigated the associations of self-reported parental suicide attempt (SA) with offspring self-harm and suicidal thoughts in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), a prospective birth cohort. […]

Experimentally-enhanced perceptions of meaning confer resilience to the interpersonal adversity implicated in suicide risk

Background and Objectives The interpersonal theory of suicide proposes that perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness (PB-TB) are proximal causes of suicidal desire. Here we test whether experimentally induced perceptions of meaningfulness can confer resilience against interpersonal adversity and enhance persistence, the erosion of which is a potential antecedent to suicide risk. Methods Undergraduate university students (N = 93) […]

Prevalence, clinical correlates and maternal psychopathology of deliberate self-harm in children and early adolescents: Results from a large community study.

OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) in children from low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence of DSH and its clinical and maternal psychopathological associations in Brazilian children (n=2,508, ages 6-14y) in a community-based study. METHODS: Participants of the High Risk Cohort Study for the Development of […]

Population attributable fractions of psychopathology and suicidal behaviour associated with childhood adversities in Northern Ireland.

Childhood adversities are strong predictors of psychopathology and suicidality. However, specific adversities are associated with different outcomes, with cross-national variations reported. The current study examined rates of adversities reported in Northern Ireland (NI), and associations between adverse childhood experiences and psychopathology and suicidal behaviour were explored. Data was obtained from the Northern Ireland Study of Health and […]

Self-injury and externalizing pathology: A systematic literature review.

Background During the last decade there is a growing scientific interest in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). The aim of the current paper was to review systematically the literature with a special focus on the associations between self-injurious behaviours and externalizing psychopathology. An additional aim was to review terminology and measurements of self-injurious behaviour and the connection […]

Psychopathology of the general population referred by primary care physicians for urgent assessment in psychiatric hospitals.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the type, severity and progression of psychiatric pathologies in a sample of 372 outpatients (age range 18–65 years) referred by their primary general practitioners (GPs) to an Urgent Referral Team (URT) based in a psychiatric hospital in Aberdeen, Scotland. This team offers immediate appointments (1- to […]

Psychiatric disorders, suicidal ideation, and sexually transmitted infections among post-deployment veterans who utilize digital social media for sexual partner seeking.

Highlights Use of digital social media to find sexual partners (DSMSP +) is common among veterans. •DSMSP + is associated with PTSD, insomnia, depression and suicidality. •DSMSP + is associated with hypersexuality and sexually transmitted infections.

Bullying, psychiatric pathology and suicidal behavior.

Bullying is a highly prevalent behavior which carries a significant social, medical and financial cost for its victims and perpetrators, with powerful and long-lasting psychological and social impact. Bullying has been defined as a specific form of intentional, repeated aggression, that involves a disparity of power between the victim(s) and perpetrator(s). The aggression can take […]

Suicidality and profiles of childhood adversities, conflict related trauma and psychopathology in the Northern Ireland population.

Four discrete risk profiles were revealed in the Northern Ireland population. Those who grew up during the Troubles experienced multiple traumas. The multi-risk class has heightened levels suicidality. Consider impact of co-occurring suicide risks when planning intervention programs.

Understanding the relationship between suicidality and psychopathy: An examination of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

Demographic, behavioral, and psychiatric risk factors for suicide: A 25-year longitudinal cohort study.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

Correlates and consequences of suicidal cognitions and behaviors in children ages 3 to 7 years.

Objective Despite research documenting the existence of depression and other psychiatric disorders in early childhood, little is known about the nature and consequences of suicidal cognitions and behaviors (SI) in young children ages 3 to 7 years. The identification of trajectories of SI across childhood is a critical step toward preventing childhood suicide. Method Participants […]

Two decades of adolescent suicides assessed at Milan University`s medicolegal unit: Epidemiology, forensic pathology and psychopathology.

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The relationship between internalizing psychopathology and suicidality, treatment seeking, and disability in the Australian population.

The current study seeks to demonstrate the validity and utility of internalizing liability when accounting for suicidality, treatment seeking, and disability over and above any disorder specific relationship. The overall internalizing latent variable sufficiently explains the majority of the relationship between multiple mood and anxiety disorders and suicidality, treatment seeking, and disability. Researchers should focus […]