Suicide attempts among Greenlandic forensic psychiatric patients: Prevalence and determinants

This nationwide cross-sectional study of the lifetime prevalence and determinants of suicide attempts includes 90% of Greenlandic forensic psychiatric patients. Retrospective data were collected from electronic patient files, court documents, and forensic psychiatric assessments using a coding form from a similar study. We used unpaired t-tests and chi2 or Fisher’s exact test. The lifetime prevalence of[…]

Suicide attempts are associated with activated immune-inflammatory, nitro-oxidative, and neurotoxic pathways: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Suicide attempts (SA) frequently occur in patients with mood disorders and schizophrenia, which are both accompanied by activated immune-inflammatory and nitro-oxidative (IO&NS) pathways.
Methods
We searched PubMed, Google Scholar, and Web of Science, for articles published from inception until February 1, 2021. We included studies that compared blood biomarkers in psychiatric patients with[…]

Experiences of a recovery-oriented caring approach to suicidal behavior: A single-case study

Research considering the basis for mental health nurses wanting to enable recovery among people who suffer from suicidal behavior is sparse. The aim of this study is to explore and evaluate how a new recovery-oriented caring approach (ROCA) was experienced by a suicidal patient in a context of close relatives and nurses. A single-case study[…]

Outreach psychiatric emergency service: Characteristics of patients with suicidal behavior and subsequent policy

Background: Outreach psychiatric emergency services play an important role in all stages of a suicidal crisis; however, empirical assessment data are scarce. This study describes characteristics of patients assessed by these services and involved in suicidal crises. Method: During a 5-year period, detailed information from psychiatric emergency service assessments was recorded; 14,705 assessments were included.[…]

The third choice: Suicide hotlines, psychiatry, and the police

With Covid-19 showing no sign of abating, mental health care (from ongoing therapy to helplines) continues to be an important site of treatment for many Americans. While traditional therapy has continued to be prohibitively expensive for most, teletherapy has been covered by most major health insurance companies since the early days of the pandemic and is[…]

Effect of a motivational interviewing-based intervention on initiation of mental health treatment and mental health after an emergency department visits among suicidal adolescents: A randomized clinical trial

OBJECTIVE To examine whether a motivational interviewing–based intervention increases linkage of adolescents to outpatient mental health services and reduces depression symptoms and suicidal ideation in adolescents seeking emergency care for non–mental health–related concerns who screen positive for suicide risk. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In this randomized clinical trial, adolescents aged 12 to 17 years who[…]

Exposure to maternal depressive symptoms in childhood and adolescent suicide-related thoughts and attempts: Mediation by child psychiatric symptoms

Aims. The nature of the association between child psychiatric symptoms and adolescent suicide-related thoughts (SRT) and attempts (SA) remains unclear. Our objective was to assess whether child psychiatric symptoms from 6 to 10 years of age mediate the association between exposure to maternal depressive symptoms in childhood and offspring SRT and SA in adolescence.
[…]

Impact of oil recession on community mental health service utilization in an oil sands mining region in Canada.

Objectives:
This retrospective clinical audit compared changes in community mental health service utilization before and during an economic recession in an oil sands region in Canada which was characterized by a doubling of unemployment rates and poor economic outlook.
Methods:
Sociodemographic descriptors, psychiatric antecedents, clinical characteristics and follow-up care were compared before[…]

Precursors to suicidality and violence on antidepressants: Systematic review of trials in adult healthy volunteers.

OBJECTIVE:
To quantify the risk of suicidality and violence when selective serotonin and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors are given to adult healthy volunteers with no signs of a mental disorder. DESIGN:
Systematic review and meta-analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:
Harms related to suicidality, hostility, activation events, psychotic events and mood disturbances. SETTING:
Published[…]

Psychiatric consultation and referral of persons who have attempted suicide: The perspective of heads of emergency and psychiatry departments

Background: Persons who have attempted suicide are often admitted to a hospital’s emergency department (ED). The risk of them repeating their attempt is lower if they have had access to a psychiatrist in hospital and had been referred to mental health care services. However, the literature suggests this is often lacking. Aims: To describe perceived barriers to and[…]