Improving health-related quality of life and reducing suicide in primary care: Can social problem-solving abilities help?

Problem-solving deficits and poor health–related quality of life are associated with suicide risk; yet, little is known about the interrelations between these variables. In 220 primary care patients, we examined the potential mediating role of physical and mental health–related quality of life on the relation between social problem–solving ability and suicidal behavior. Participants completed the[…]

Effect of problem-solving therapy on depressed low-income homebound older adults’ death/suicidal ideation and hopelessness.

Journal held in CSP Library.

Cognitive risk and protective factors for suicidal ideation: A two year longitudinal study in adolescence.

Adolescence is a developmental period associated with heightened risk for both the onset and escalation of suicidal ideation (SI). Given that SI is a potent predictor of suicidal behavior, it is important to develop models of vulnerability for and protection against SI, particularly among young adolescents. This study examined the relative impact of several cognitive[…]

Active and passive problem solving as moderators of the relation between negative life event stress and suicidal ideation among suicide attempters and non-attempters.

This study examined whether active problem solving would buffer against, whereas passive problem solving would exacerbate, the association of negative life stress with suicidal ideation. Young adult college students (73 females, M(age) = 19.0) from a diverse urban public university, with (n = 37) and without (n = 59) a suicide attempt history completed measures[…]

Social problem solving and suicidal behavior: ethnic differences in the moderating effects of loneliness and life stress.

The objective of this study was to examine the combined moderating effects of life stress and loneliness on the association between social problem solving ability (SPS) and suicidal behaviors. We assessed SPS, suicidal behavior, loneliness, and stressful life events in a sample of 385 ethnically diverse college students. Overall, only loneliness moderated the association between[…]

Safety Plan Treatment Manual to Reduce Suicide Risk: Veteran Version

This manual describes a brief clinical intervention, safety planning, that can serve as a valuable adjunct to risk assessment & may be used with veterans who have attempted suicide, have suicide ideation, have psychiatric disorders that increase suicide risk, or who are otherwise determined to be at high risk for suicide. The purpose of the[…]

Gender Role, Sexual Orientation and Suicide Risk

The unique & interactive effects of sexual orientation & gender role were assessed with regard to suicide ideation, related psychopathology, & measures of coping. 47 undergraduate psychology students participated as did 30 subjects recruited from gay, lesbian & transgender student organizations. Consistent with expectations, cross-gender role is a unique predictor of suicidal symptoms. Moreover, gender[…]

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy With Suicidal Patients (IN: Assessment, Treatment, and Prevention of Suicidal Behavior, edited by R I Yufit & D Lester)

The goals of this chapter are: to review research on cognitive factors associated with suicidal risk, & to discuss evidence for the efficacy of cognitive-behavioural interventions for treating suicidal patients. Outcome studies have focused on the use of problem-solving strategies leading to a call for research on the effectiveness of other cognitive-behavioural strategies, including those[…]

The Relative Contribution of Diagnostic and Psychosocial Variables to Severity of Suicidal Ideation

This study examined the relative contribution of diagnostic & psychosocial factors to the prediction of severity of suicide ideation in a sample of 78 college students. Using hierarchical regression analyses to control for each set of factors, psychosocial factors were found to predict consistently level of suicide ideation. In contrast, diagnostic variables including diagnosis of[…]

The Problem-Solving Diathesis in Depression, Hopelessness, and Suicide Ideation: a Longitudinal Analysis

The problem-solving deficit diathesis-stress model of suicide behavior proposed by Clum & colleagues (1979) & expanded by Schotte & Clum (1982, 1987) was examined in a short-term longitudinal test. The relationship between problem-solving deficits at Time 1 – prior to the stressor (a D or F on a midterm examination) – & adjustment at Time[…]