Psychopharmacology and the Presuicidal Syndrome

This presentation discussed the presuicidal syndrome which comprises: constriction of the personality; aggression turned towards oneself, & suicidal fantasies. Psychotherapy, sociotherapy, & pharmacotherapy were all recommended, in combination, as being necessary to treat patients.

Perceptions of Life and Death Among Suicidal gay Adolescents

It is suggested that gay youth who attempt suicide represent a special case in which the meanings associated with life & death are worth exploration. 16 gay men who attempted suicide were asked how they perceived life & death before the attempt & how these perceptions are linked to the attempt. Orbach’s model specifies 4[…]

Suicidal Ideation as a Cognitive Trait of Personality

This thesis begins by looking at the issue of trait vulnerability within presuicidal syndrome. The author looks at Suicide Ideation Cognitive Trait Scale (SICTS), and the validity of this test with regards to structure and criterioin orientation. The author also looks at establishing the qualities of stability and discriminability within the continuum. SICTS is able[…]

Psychopathologic Characteristics of the Presuicidal Syndrome

The presuicidal syndrome is presented in this study with its prodromal symptoms which usually foresee suicide. 100 patients with a PS were investigated taking into consideration all specific risk factors. Three stages of PS were outlined. Interpretation of PS places it at the border between the clincial psychiatric fields and the ontological problems of humanity[…]

Suicides: What Do They have in Mind? (IN: Suicide: Understanding and Responding: Harvard Medical School Perspectives, ed. by D Jacobs and H N Brown)

Discusses suicide as being resultant of regression to the deepest level of adaptational disintegration or as a choice of death rather than suffering disintegration. Includes information about presuicidal syndromes; suicide prediction; motives, goals & intentions; Freud on suicide; & dreams as evidence of suicide risk. Case examples & treatment implications are given. 19 refs. (LH)

Sex Differences in the Metaperspectives of Parasuicides

56 in-patients who had attempted suicide were assessed on their self-concept & how they felt others perceived them. These results were compared with 52 controls undergoing psychiatric treatment but with no suicide attempts. Female parasuicides had a more positive self-concept than males, and male parasuicides felt that they were judged as less assertive & self-confident[…]

Suicidal Tendencies: Detection and Evaluation

A simple psychosocial crisis is differentiated from a psychiatric crisis; the former is usually a non-pathological phenomenon, which may result in a pathological development. As one critical assumption, the authors consider suicide potential. The problem of suicide & family is emphasized in regard to biological-genetic & psychosocial aspects. Finally, referral to prophylactic-therapeutic interventions for psychosocial[…]

Contribution to Suicide Risk Assessment: II. On the Practice of Suicide Risk Assessment

See AN 901674 for abstract and further information.

Symposium on Psychoanalysis and Suicide

The author examines the presuicidal syndrome of constriction, inhibited aggression & auto-aggression, & suicidal fantasies from the viewpoint of psychoanalyst Alder. (NBB)

The Presuicidal Syndrome

The presuicidal syndrome first described in 1958 relates to that specific psychic state of mind that leads to suicidal acts. It is an alarm signal indicating a tendency to suicide. There are 3 principal components: constriction; inhibited aggression turned toward the self; & suicidal fantasies. It is proposed that this syndrome provides a basis for[…]