A Reassessment of Suicide Measurement: Some Comparative PYLL-Based Trends in Queensland, Australia, 1920-2005
This paper applies 2 different methods of measuring suicide data: the conventional age-standardized suicide (count) rate & the alternative rate, potential years of life lost. Both measures were applied to suicide data for Queensland, Australia since 1920. The measures were also applied to deaths due to circulatory diseases, cancers, & motor vehicle accidents. The two […]
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Years of Potential Life Lost and Valued Years of Potential Life Lost in Asesssing Premature Mortality in Slovenia
This study examined the causes of death that contribute most to premature mortality in Slovenia, classified premature mortality according to cause of death, age, & gender, & determined the age point before which premature mortality became a potential loss to the society. Potential economic losses were estimated by use of years of potential life lost […]
This document outlines a 5-year strategy for the reduction & prevention of suicide within the North East region of England. Strategic priorities have been split into key processes & key priorities. Key processes include data collection, knowledge transfer, commissioning, governance arrangements, training needs for suicide prevention, managing of suicide clusters, & the the management of […]
Apart from the usual years-of-life lost (YLL) method, the authors propose an alternative method, a life table approach to assess the impact of suicide & compared it with the years-of-life lost approach from 1986-2006 in Hong Kong. The life-table approach is to assess the impact at a population level. It shows that the impact of […]
Measuring an Aspect of the Distribution of Mental Health: Suicide in Australia 1907-2003 Working Paper Series WP2006.9
The authors argue from welfare economics there is a legitimate economic justification for governments to be concerned with suicide. However, the purpose of this paper is to show the usefulness of employing an alternative measure of suicide – potential years of life lost – rather than a count of the number of suicides. It is […]
This study determines the trend in mental health-related mortality (defined as the aggregation of suicide & deaths coded as mental/behavioural disorders), & its relative numerical importance, & to argue that this has importance to policy makers. Results show the temporal trend in mental health-related mortality rates has worsened through time. There are no gains. This […]
Policy-Appropriate Measurement of Suicide: Headcount vs. Potential Years of Life Lost, Australia, 1907-2005
The authors calculated mortality rates of years of life lost because of unintentional injuries & suicides using community based information obtained prospectively from 1998-2004 in a rural & peri-urban population of 108,000 in south India. The rate of suicide was 82.2 per 100,000 population. Unintentional injuries & suicides resulted in 26.9% of total life years […]
Data on American Indian and Alaska Native suicide & homicide indicate that violence is a particular threat to this population. While homicide & suicide rates have decreased among American Indians & Alaska Natives since 1972-1974, their rates are still higher than those for the total American population. This article provides statistics on homicide & suicide […]
This study examined mortality & medical comorbidity among patients with serious mental illness in Ohio. Data for 20,018 patients admitted to an Ohio public mental health hospital between 1998-2002 were matched against state death records; 608 deaths were identified. Heart disease & suicides were the leading causes of death. The highest cause-specific mean years-of-potential-life-lost was […]
Socioeconomic Differences in Suicide Mortality by sex in Finland in 1971-2000: a Register-Based Study of Trends, Levels, and Life Expectancy Differences
Socioeconomic differences & trends in Finnish suicide mortality were analysed & their relevance to public health was assessed by calculating socioeconomic differences in years of life expectancy lost to suicide. Census records were linked with the death records of people aged 25 years & over in 1971-2000 in Finland. Large & persistent socioeconomic differences were […]
This paper contains summary statistics on Australian deaths by year of registration, where the underlying cause of death was determined to be suicide. Data covering the period 1991-2001 is presented as standardized rates, by age group, by method, by years of potential life lost, & by state & territory.
This report provides epidemiological information on suicide rates in the South East Public Health Observatory region. International comparisons are made & recommendations are provided concerning the distribution of this analysis, further research, & the need for particular attention in places & groups with high suicide rates.
The authors compared age- & gender-specific mortality rates, age- & gender-specific estimates of years of potential life lost, & age- & gender-specific present value of lost earnings that individuals would have contributed to society had they lived to their full life expectancies. Men in the middle years of life contribute disproportionately to the public health […]
Suicide statistics from Hong Kong & Singapore over the period 1984-1994 were studied. The suicide behaviours in these cities were remarkably similar. Suicide rates increased with age, with a sharp increase among the elderly which was about 4 to 5 times the average. A relatively low male:female ratio & low teenage suicide were also found. […]