Scoping review of postvention for mental health providers following patient suicide

Introduction As suicides among military personnel continue to climb, we sought to determine best practices for supporting military mental health clinicians following patient suicide loss (i.e., postvention). Materials and Methods We conducted a scoping review of the literature using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews guidelines. Our initial search […]

Suicide bereavement in the UK: Descriptive findings from a national survey

Background Those bereaved by suicide are a high-risk group of adverse health outcomes and suicidal behavior, yet little is known about the experiences and support needs of these individuals in the UK. Methods We conducted a national cross-sectional study using an online survey and analyzed the experiences of 7158 participants who had been bereaved or […]

The role of social work in suicide prevention, intervention, and postvention: A scoping review

Social workers frequently encounter those affected by suicide. However, the social work voice on suicide has been relatively absent from the literature. This scoping review aimed to map the contribution social work research has made to suicide prevention, intervention, and postvention. Two hundred and forty-one papers on suicide authored by social workers were identified. Results […]

Leader perspectives on managing suicide-related events in garrison

Leaders who have personally experienced the aftermath of a suiciderelated event can provide important lessons and recommendations for military leadership and policymakers. This paper executes a thematic analysis of interviews with leaders, chaplains, and behavioral health  providers who responded to garrison suicide-related events and explores leader decision making related to memorials, investigations, and readiness.

Characteristics of survivors of suicide seeking counseling from an NGO in Denmark: Analyses of a national database

Objective The loss of a friend or family member to suicide, i.e., surviving suicide, can be devastating. Yet, little is known regarding the support received by survivors of suicide. We aimed to examine the characteristics of survivors of suicide who sought counseling from a Danish volunteer organization. Method Data on all users of the Danish […]

Understanding suicide bereavement, contagion, and the importance of thoughtful postvention in schools (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

The rising rates of youth suicide in the USA demand thoughtful evidence-based strategies to help schools and communities recover after a suicide loss has occurred. With this chapter, we review research on the experience of suicide bereavement in adolescence, outline what is known about the potential for suicide to spread through social networks and for […]

Postvention needs assessment for those bereaved by suicide in Edmonton: Living Hope Community Plan to Prevent Suicide in Edmonton. September 2022

The purpose of this report is to provide the City of Edmonton’s Living Hope plan with an initial understanding about what postvention supports are required for those grieving a death by suicide. The needs assessment focuses specifically on the City of Edmonton. This research is intended to support other work being completed through the Living […]

Key issues, challenges, and preferred supports for those bereaved by suicide: Insights from postvention experts

For many, suicide bereavement is challenging. Postvention responses are few and evidence to inform them is lacking. Eighteen postvention experts completed an online survey regarding the key issues, challenges, and supports available to people bereaved by suicide. Participants were asked to identify the issues, then rank them in terms of importance at key times during […]

Life after suicide

Documentary. Angela Samata explores why some people take their own lives and how those who love them come to terms with the loss.

Suicide postvention resources for Canadian communities

The Mental Health Commission of Canada completed an environmental scan of resources and programs targeted towards postvention after a suicide loss. Postvention refers to “suicide prevention activities that provide support for people affected by suicide (e.g., those bereaved in the aftermath of suicide loss). These activities are crucial in helping to support and heal those […]

An overview of factors related to suicide and of suicide intervention programs in Alberta

This report provides a synthesis of the most recent statistical data and research on youth suicide. Promising programs, practices and current training models are reviewed as well as leading practices in suicide intervention, prevention and postvention. Rates and risk factors of suicide in Canada, and more specifically Alberta are cited. Interview with Canadian experts in […]

Addressing youth suicide through school-based prevention and postvention: Contemporary scholarship advancing science, practice, and policy

Youth suicide continues to be a significant public health issue, with especially elevated levels of suicide thoughts and behaviors experienced by marginalized students across race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, and age demographics. This article highlights the importance of contemporary research informing and advancing professional efforts and also introduces a special topic section including eight articles that […]

“All I need is someone to talk to”: Evaluating DISCHARGED suicide peer support

Alternatives to Suicide is a different and emerging approach to the suicide prevention paradigm, utilising peer support groups to focus on connection and relationship-building. The groups are a space where people can share  openly and authentically about their suicidal thoughts and feelings, without fear of a clinical intervention. This research project evaluated the impact experienced […]

What employers need to know about suicide prevention

What should organizations do to help prevent suicide among its employees — and to help support suicide survivors after the death of a coworker? Research suggest first leaders and managers must recognize the workplace predictors of suicide. Then, create a respectful and inclusive work environment, learn to identify employees who might be at risk, and create […]

Helping our heroes: An evaluation of mental health and organizational policies surrounding suicide prevention and postvention strategies for Nebraska first responders

Suicide is ranked as one of the leading causes of death in the United States. Over 40,000 individuals die by suicide each year (Stanley, Hom, & Joiner, 2016; Vigil et al, 2021), and, in 2020, it was ranked in the top 9 causes of death for all ages (10-64), and second for those 10-14 and […]

Live-chat support for people bereaved by suicide: A thematic analysis

Background: People bereaved by suicide often face isolation, complicated grief, and increased suicide risk. Aims: We aimed to explore how live-chat can support survivors in their bereavement process. Method: A thematic analysis was carried out on 30 live-chat conversations through the software ATLAS.ti8. Transcripts were retrieved from a major Italian association providing online support. The users had different ages (18–60 […]

Aftercare and suicide reattempt prevention in Tehran, Iran: Outcome of 12-month randomized controlled study

Background: A previous suicide attempt is one of the strongest risk factors for subsequent suicide. Effective care following a suicide attempt may reduce the risk of suicide reattempts. Aims: We aimed to investigate the effect of a brief educational intervention and contact program on suicide reattempts. Method: This study was performed as a randomized clinical trial (RCT) recruiting 305 individuals who […]

Increasing resident support following patient suicide: Assessing resident perceptions of a longitudinal, multimodal patient suicide curriculum

Objective Patient suicide is a common experience in psychiatry residency, and its effects on trainees can be profound. There are currently no ACGME Common Program Requirements for education about patient suicide, and a need exists for evidence-based curricula to prepare residents for this difficult outcome. Methods A comprehensive patient suicide curriculum was developed utilizing multiple […]

Responding to a tragedy: Evaluation of a postvention protocol among adult psychiatry residents

Objective In a time of “zero suicide” initiatives and rising suicide rates, resident physicians are particularly susceptible to the psychological and professional ramifications of patient suicide. An adult psychiatry residency program developed and implemented a postvention protocol to address the impact of patient suicide among resident physicians. The current study is a formal evaluation of […]

Emerging despite the indelible wound: A grounded theory of family transformation following adolescent suicide

Family members of a person who has died by suicide are at an increased risk of experiencing depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, suicide ideation, and suicide. However, despite the experience of losing a family member to suicide, most families continue to function and even live well following this difficult experience. This study sought to understand and […]

Being prepared to act in the event of a suicide: Postvention program

This new postvention program is built on the community’s ability to respond to post-suicide difficulties, with a view to conveying a sense of security and competence in light of the situation. Though designed primarily for youth, the program is not youth-specific. It can be adapted to various environments: the secondary and postsecondary education systems, workplaces, […]

TAPS suicide postvention model: A comprehensive framework of healing and growth

The TAPS Suicide Postvention Model is a three-phase approach to suicide grief that offers a framework for survivors and providers in the aftermath of a suicide. This framework proposes guidance on how to build a foundation for an adaptive grief journey and creates a research-informed, proactive, intentional pathway to posttraumatic growth. The Model follows the […]

Effectiveness of interventions for people bereaved through suicide: A systematic review of controlled studies of grief, psychosocial and suicide-related outcomes

Background Suicide bereavement is a risk factor for adverse outcomes related to grief, social functioning, mental health and suicidal behaviour. Consequently, suicide bereavement support (i.e., postvention) has been identified as an important suicide prevention strategy. However, little is known about its effectiveness. To redress this gap, this review aimed to assess the evidence of effectiveness […]