Exposure to suicide in the family and suicidal ideation in Portugal during the Covid-19 pandemic: The mediating role of unbearable psychache

Objectives: This study tested the mediation effects of two facets of psychache – bearable and unbearable – in the relationship between exposure to suicide in the family and suicidal ideation in Portugal during the Covid-19 pandemic. Methods: Two hundred and forty-four adults aged between 19 and 64 participated. Two groups were defined: one exposed to suicide in […]

Triple taboo: Considerations about suicide among children and adolescents

This article aims to understand the construction and repercussion of taboos involving suicides among children and adolescents, considering the discomfort, silence, and dread that the theme causes across society. Due to the recognition of a continuum of taboos (taboo of death < taboo of suicide < taboo of child suicide), the authors present, as an […]

Suicides of male Portuguese police officers: 10 years of national data

Background: Police officers, as first responders to difficult situations with ready access to firearms, are frequently considered to be at increased suicide risk. Aims: We aimed to calculate the suicide rate for male officers of the Portuguese National Police (PSP) and compare it with the Portuguese general population. Method: Retrospective review of the PSP male officers’ suicides between 2005 and […]

Searching for psychological predictors of suicidal ideation in university students.

The present study aims to identify psychological predictors of suicidal ideation in university students. We collected a sample of 366 participants, representing a population of 7102 students from a university in northern Portugal (95% CI). Both in the whole sample and in the intra-gender analysis, students with suicidal ideation revealed higher levels of depressive symptoms, […]

Distress mediates the association between personality predispositions and suicidality: A preliminary study in a Portugese community sample.

The present study examined whether distress mediates the relationship between suicidality and the personality predispositions of Self-Criticism, Dependency/Neediness, and Efficacy. A community sample of Portuguese young adults (N = 105) completed, in a counterbalanced order, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ), the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), and reports of any suicide attempts and/or […]

The Role of Expressed Emotion, Self-Concept, Coping, and Depression in Parasuicidal Behavior: a Follow-Up Study

This study characterized expressed emotion in families of individuals with parasuicidal behaviour & examined the significant relationships between expressed emotion, coping, depression, self-concept, & parasuicidal behaviours. The sample consisted of 67 subjects divided into 2 groups & followed up for 9 months. Group 1 included 34 parasuicides & Group 2 was 33 matched controls. Parasuicides […]

Clinical Features of Adolescents With Deliberate Self-Harm: a Case Control Study in Lisbon, Portugal

This study described characteristic clinical features of Portuguese adolescents with deliberate self-harm. A case-control study was constructed from a sample of 100 adolescents, aged 12-21 years. 98 subjects completed the protocol. The deliberate self-harm group was associated with the following characteristics: suicide ideation or suicidal behaviour as consultation motive; emergency room referral; previous follow-up attempts; […]

Suicide Attempts and Clinical Severity of Eating Disorders: an Exploratory Study

This study examines whether eating disorder patients with suicide attempts present differences in disordered eating & clinical traits compared to those without suicide attempts. A total of 144 female Portuguese patients with eating disorders completed questionnaires. Eating disorder patients with suicide attempts differed from their peers regarding weight history, having a more chaotic pattern of […]

A Four-Country Survey Regarding Suicide: Consumer’s Beliefs, Attitudes and Behaviors (Belgium, Italy, Portugal and Spain)


The Truth About Suicide in Portugal

In order to investigate the reasons for a decrease in male suicide rates over the past few years in Portugal, suicide rates were compared with controversial cases & with homicide rates. The results show that, since 1980 & coinciding with the use of ICD-9, controversial cases have increased 12 & 21 times among males & […]

Face to Face: Annual Report 1997-98

Contents include: a review of the efforts of Befrienders International from Apr. 1997 – Mar. 1998, future priorities, trustees report for the year ending 31 Mar. 1998, and the Auditor’s report for the year ending 31 Mar. 1998.

Alcohol and Suicide – the Portugese Experience

An analysis of regional & temporal covaration of suicide rates & indicators of alcohol use & abuse in Portugal is reported. In a time series analysis, a positive relationship was found. An increase in per capita alcohol consumption of 1 litre is accompanied by a simultaneous increase in the male suicide rate of 1.9%. In […]

Report From Portugal

The author discusses the present situation of suicide prevention services in Portugal & the unwillingness of the Portuguese Health Department to create a suicide prevention centre. She states that the suicide rate has remained steady only because there has been considerable underreporting of the number of suicides since 1980. She urges IASP & Euro-WHO members […]

Suicide by Related Kidney Donors Following the Recipients’ Death

Reports 2 cases of suicide by related kidney donors following graft rejection & the recipients’ death. In one case, a 51-yr-old man donated a kidney to his brother & in the other, a 48 yr-old-man donated a kidney to his son. Concludes that psychiatric screening of the donor before transplantation is necessary. A psychiatric evaluation […]

Who Kills Whom in Portugal?

This study examines the relationship between murderers & homicide victims, & between murderers & suicide victims in Portugal. Correlations were found between age group, marital status & occupation of murderers & homicide victims. Murderers & suicide victims were only correlated by occupation. The authors assert the correlation between murderers & suicide victims can be explained […]

Female Independence in Portugal: Effect on Suicide Rates

Parallels are shown btwn progress towards female (F) independ. & inc. in F suicide & dec. in M/F suicide ratio. High rates occur among professional Fs in urban areas with significant correlations btwn suicide & deaths by cirrhosis. It is concluded that alcoholism often leads to suicide; in Fs taboos about alcoholism & suicide explain […]

Women Autonomy: Main Repercussions on Their Suicide

This is a summary of a Portuguese study which analyzed suicide rates by sex, age, marital & parental status, & profession (1955-85) & suicide & cirrhosis rates by sex & profession (1980-85) to determine if increasing female autonomy has influenced the relationship between male & female suicide rates. Results indicate that the female suicide rate […]

Relation Between Suicide and Homicide in Portugal From 1970 to 1982

This study analyses whether the increase in suicides corresponds to a decrease in homicides & vice versa. Rates of suicide & homicide from 1970-1982 are analysed, & age & sex groups are compared. There is no inverse variation between suicides & homicides either globally or for males & females. There is a difference in age […]

The Role of Female Autonomy in Suicide Among Portuguese Women

Suicide rates for both sexes in Portugal & the district & city of Lisbon, from 1950-68, 1969-83 & over the 1950’s, 60’s, 70’s & 1980-83, were related to several variables. Since 1977, Female rates have risen significantly in Portugal & the Lisbon district, both in total & in professionally active age groups, unmarried & married […]

Suicides in Portugal From 1950 to 1983: Groups at Present at More Risk

In an attempt to reduce suicide by selecting groups at more risk, this study analyses the evolution of suicide rates in Portugal, district & city of Lisbon from 1950 to 1983. From the 1960’s on, there has been a significant decrease in male rates and a rise for females. Results list high risk groups in […]

The Role of Portuguese Women Autonomy in Female Suicide

Investigated was female autonomy to determine if it has affected the ratio of male to female suicides &/or suicide among females in general. Suicide rates for 1950, 68, 69,& 1983 were statistically analyzed. 1968 marked the first autonomous steps by Portugese women. The hypothesis that female suicides would approximate male rates received some support, suggesting […]

Suicides in Portugal From 1950 to 1983: Groups at Present in More Risk

Identified are high risk groups for suicide in portugal for the years 1950-83. Statistical analysis of data identified, in descending order, the folloeing groups, differentiated by age, sex, marital status, & time of suicide: (1) males, 40 or older, (2) males, 20-29, divorced, spring & summer, (3) females, 50 & over, divorced or widowed, spring […]

Suicide and Young People in Portugal

A study of suicide rates(1963-83) in Portugal indicates a change in the suicide profile of different age groups, particularily among 10-24 yr. olds. Regional differences were evident, suicide being less common in the Catholic North. Rates, for those 10 or more years in 1980-82, were 5.3 in the north & 14.4 in the south. The […]