Mental disorder symptom among public safety personnel in Canada

Background: Canadian public safety personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional workers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police officers) are exposed to potentially traumatic events as a function of their work. Such exposures contribute to the risk of developing clinically significant symptoms related to mental disorders. The current study was designed to provide estimates of mental disorder symptom frequencies and […]

Long-term effects of a comprehensive police suicide prevention program: 22-year follow-up

Background: Mishara and Martin (2012) reported decreases in suicides 12 years after implementation of a police suicide prevention program. Aims: We aimed to determine whether suicide decreases were sustained 10 years later. Method: We examined coroners’ investigations of police deaths from 2009 through 2018. Results: From 2009 to 2018, Montreal suicide rates increased but this was not significantly different from the previous […]

Examining the use of police and ambulance data in suicide research: A systematic scoping review of data linkage studies

Background: Police and paramedics are often the first to respond to individuals in suicide crisis and have an important role to play in facilitating optimal care pathways. Yet, little evidence exists to inform these responses. Data linkage provides one approach to examining this knowledge gap. Aim: We identified studies that examined suicide behaviors and linked to police or […]

Suicidal behaviors in the Ghana police service: Prevalence and correlates in the Greater Accra Region

Background: Despite recent media reports showing disturbing trends of police suicides in Ghana, no published studies are available from the country. Aims: We sought to estimate the prevalence and describe some of the correlates of suicidal behaviors among police officers in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. Method: We surveyed a convenience sample of 268 police officers, using the Suicide […]

Police suicide: The hidden danger (IN: Practical Considerations for Preventing Police Suicide: Stop Officer Suicide, edited by O. Johnson et al.)

As researchers, clinicians, and police practitioners, we seem to be stuck in a quandary of what leads a police offcer to this fnal life decision and what we can possibly do about reducing the occurrences of this tragedy. This chapter is prefaced on the notion that if we review what we know about the roots […]

The effect of suicide prevention education on attitudes toward suicide in police officers

Objective: This study investigated the effect of suicide prevention education on attitudes toward suicide among police officers. Methods: We used an anonymous questionnaire for 518 officers and surveyed the demographic profiles and examined attitudes toward suicide utilizing the Attitudes Towards Suicide Scale (ATTS) (1=totally agree, 5=totally disagree). Our study divided participants into two groups, based on whether […]

From ideation to realization: Exploring the problem of police officer suicide (IN Police Psychology New Trends in Forensic Psychological Science edited by P.B. Marques & M. Paulino)

Suicide is a significant social problem and is a major concern for police and police organizations. This chapter reviews the evidence related to police suicide and suicidal ideation. It considers the prevalence of police suicide, demographics, and other associated factors in particular management and leadership, work patterns and occupational stress, as well as nonwork factors […]

Operationalizing strategic objectives of suicide prevention policy: Police-led LOSST LIFFE model

Suicide is a global public health challenge. We explore the benefits and challenges of operationalizing strategic objectives of national suicide prevention policies locally. To implement policy effectively, local resources must be mobilized, and we investigate a real-time surveillance, principles-based model led by the police through a multiple case-study design. We found current data collected on […]

The third choice: Suicide hotlines, psychiatry, and the police

With Covid-19 showing no sign of abating, mental health care (from ongoing therapy to helplines) continues to be an important site of treatment for many Americans. While traditional therapy has continued to be prohibitively expensive for most, teletherapy has been covered by most major health insurance companies since the early days of the pandemic and is […]

Mental disorders, suicidal ideation, plans and attempts among Canadian police

BACKGROUND: Recent investigations have demonstrated a significant prevalence of mental health disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicidal ideation, plans and attempts among Canadian public safety personnel, including police officers. What remains unknown is the relationship between mental disorders and suicide among sworn police officers, and the prevalence of both among civilian police workers. […]

An occupational risk: What every police agency should do to prevent suicide among its officers

Suicide among members of law enforcement is not an easy topic to approach. It is sad and painful on many levels. It is challenging to research and, therefore, difficult to understand. Many people find it hard even to talk about the subject. But it is imperative that we do talk about the problem, try to […]

Suicides of male Portuguese police officers: 10 years of national data

Background: Police officers, as first responders to difficult situations with ready access to firearms, are frequently considered to be at increased suicide risk. Aims: We aimed to calculate the suicide rate for male officers of the Portuguese National Police (PSP) and compare it with the Portuguese general population. Method: Retrospective review of the PSP male officers’ suicides between 2005 and […]

Law enforcement agencies’ perceptions of the benefit of and barriers to temporary firearm storage to prevent suicide

Objectives. To examine the perceived benefits of and barriers to law enforcement agencies providing increased access to voluntary and temporary firearm storage. Methods. We surveyed 448 police chiefs and sheriffs in 8 US Mountain West states about firearm storage practices, benefits of and barriers to storage, and related attitudes and beliefs. Data collection occurred during the spring […]

The Calgary Police Service Officer’s Guide to: Dealing with emotionally disturbed behaviour (2nd ed.)

The goal of this book is to help officers to assess and intervene in the safest way possible when facing situations involving people who show signs of emotionally disturbed behaviour. This booklet will assist officers in identifying emotionally disturbed behavior; provide guidance on interacting with someone who is emotionally disturbed; establish risk management strategies for […]

Police suicide: Epidemic in blue. (2nd ed.)

In this second edition of Police Suicide: Epidemic in Blue, the author brings together �old and new� information on police suicide and he introduces some promising findings. In doing so, he clarifies some issues and provides a source of information for police officers, administrators, and academic researchers. In this lucidly written book of ten chapters, […]

Elevated prevalence of suicide attempts among victims of police violence in the USA.

Recent evidence suggests that police victimization is widespread in the USA and psychologically impactful. We hypothesized that civilian-reported police victimization, particularly assaultive victimization (i.e., physical/sexual), would be associated with a greater prevalence of suicide attempts and suicidal ideation. Data were drawn from the Survey of Police-Public Encounters, a population-based survey of adults (N = 1615) residing in […]

Vancouver Police Mental Health Strategy: A comprehensive approach for a proportional police response to persons living with mental illness.

This strategy will serve as an overarching approach for the VPD. It is intended to account for the significant impact that can result from people living with mental illness coming into contact with the police, and set forth a framework on how the VPD models its interaction with this segment of the population. That is […]

A systematic review of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among police officers, EMTs, and paramedics.

First responders, police officers, firefighters, emergency medical technicians (EMTs), and paramedics, experience significant job-related stressors and exposures that may confer increased risk for mental health morbidities (e.g., posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD, suicidal thoughts and behaviors) and hastened mortality (e.g., death by suicide). Inherent in these occupations, however, are also factors (e.g., camaraderie, pre-enlistment screening) that […]

A guide for early responders supporting survivors bereaved by suicide.

Early responders play a vital role in supporting people who have lost someone they care about, someone they know who has died by suicide. Suicide loss is profoundly different than other loss and grief in that it is a intentional act that can have crippling effects for the family, friends and other survivors. Contact us […]

The secret deaths: Police officer’s testimonial views on police suicides and why suicides continue to be hidden in police departments.


Suicide by cop in film and society: dangerousness, depression, and justice.

Provoking police officers to kill oneself or Òsuicide by copÓ (SBC) has received scholarly as well as public attention. The extent to which film representations of SBC reflect SBC in society in relation to danger, depression, and other features was assessed in this study. Data on cinematic portrayals of SBC are from 16 American films; […]

Suicide and homicide-suicide among police.

Death, Value and Meaning Series

Series editor: Dale Lund

Police-Citizen Encounters That Involve Mental Health Concerns: Results of an Ontario Police Services Survey

Police services in Ontario were surveyed to learn about changes in volume of contacts with persons with mental illness & use of pre-arrest diversion practices between 2003-2007. Information was also gathered on calls received & cleared that involved suicide threats, attempts, & completions. Findings indicated a trend of increasing police encounters with persons with mental […]