Suicidal plans and attempts among adolescents in Mongolia: Urban versus rural differences.

Background: Although 75% of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries, few studies have examined suicidal behaviors among young people in these countries. Aims: This study aimed to examine what individual characteristics were associated with suicidal plans and attempts among Mongolian youth and whether suicidal risks and behaviors varied by urban and rural locations. Method: Logistic regression analyses were utilized […]

Frequency of prescription opioid misuse and suicidal ideation, planning, and attempts.

The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between past-year frequency of prescription opioid misuse and past-year suicidal ideation, suicide planning, and suicide attempts. Secondary data analyses were conducted using data from 41,053 participants of the 2014 National Survey of Drug Use and Health. Past-year frequency of prescription opioid misuse was grouped into […]

Clustering suicide attempters: Impulsive-ambivalent, well-planned, or frequent.

Attempts to predict suicidal behavior within high-risk populations have so far shown insufficient accuracy. Although several psychosocial and clinical features have been consistently associated with suicide attempts, investigations of latent structure in well-characterized populations of suicide attempters are lacking. METHODS: We analyzed a sample of 1,009 hospitalized suicide attempters that were recruited between 1999 and […]

Psychosocial interventions for suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts: A database of randomized controlled trials.

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Adolescent self-harm and suicidal thoughts in the ALSPAC cohort: A self-report survey in England.

Background: Substantial numbers of adolescents self-harm, but the majority of cases do not reach the attention of medical services, making community studies essential. The prevalence of suicidal thoughts and plans at this age, and the inter-relationships between suicidal thoughts, plans and self-harm remain largely unexplored. Method: Cross-sectional analysis of self-reported questionnaire data collected from members […]

Suicidal expressions among young people in Nicaragua and Cambodia: A cross- cultural study.

Background Whereas prevalence of suicidal expressions among young people is fairly similar in different countries, less is known about associated risk factors. This study compares young people in Nicaragua and Cambodia to examine if the pattern of association between mental health problems and suicidal expressions differs. Methods 368 and 316 secondary school students, from each […]

Suicidal expressions in young Swedish Sami, a cross-sectional study.

Objectives To investigate the experience of suicidal expressions (death wishes, life weariness, ideation, plans and attempts) in young Swedish Sami, their attitudes toward suicide (ATTS), and experience of suicidal expressions and completed suicide in significant others and to compare with Swedes in general. Methods A cross-sectional study comprising 516 Swedish Sami, 18Ð28 years of age […]

Risk for suicidal thoughts and behavior after childhood sexual abuse in women and men.

Earlier studies have found an elevated risk for psychopathology and suicidal behavior associated with childhood sexual abuse (CSA); however, the degree to which risk is mediated by depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in women and men remains unclear. We examined these issues in data from a family study of childhood maltreatment (N = 2,559). […]

Suicidal behavior and firearm accesss: Results from the second injury control and risk survey.

he association between home firearms and the likelihood and nature of suicidal thoughts and plans was examined using the Second Injury Control and Risk Survey, a 2001Ð2003 representative telephone survey of U.S. households. Of 9,483 respondents, 7.4% reported past-year suicidal thoughts, 21.3% with a plan. Similar proportions of those with and without a home firearm […]

Suicidal Thoughts, Suicide Attempts, Major Depressive Episode, and Substance use Among Adults

This article reports that among American adults, aged 18 or older, who experienced a past year major depressive episode, 56.3 percent thought, during their worst or most recent episode, that it would be better if they were dead, 40.3 percent thought about suicide, 14.5 percent made a suicide plan, & 10.4 percent made a suicide […]

Pathways to High-Lethality Suicide Attempts in Individuals With Borderline Personality Disorder

This study developed & tested a model of high-lethality suicide attempts in individuals with borderline personality disorder. An increased number of prior suicide attempts, substance use immediately prior to the attempt, & objective planning were proposed to lead directly to a high-lethality suicide attempt, while aggression & impulsivity were hypothesized to lead indirectly to a […]

The Bridge

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Course and Predictors of Suicidality Over the First two Years of Treatment in First-Episode Schizophrenia Spectrum Psychosis

This study investigated the course of suicidal behaviour over the first 2 years of comprehensive, integrated treatment in 2 groups of patients with DSM-IV first episode schizophrenia spectrum psychosis, where 1 group was recruited through an early detection program. It has been shown previously that the rate of severe suicidal behaviour was lower in the […]

The Relation Between Physical Activity and Mental Health Among Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White Adolescents

This study assessed the relation of physical activity with feelings of sadness & suicidal thoughts & behaviours among Hispanic & non-Hispanic white adolescents. 1870 Texas adolescents, ages 14-18, attending high school in Neuces County participated. More boys reported participating in physical activity than girls & more girls than boys reported feelings of sadness & considering […]

Dimensions of Suicidal Behavior According to Patient Reports

This study conducted an exploratory factor analysis of the Suicide Intent Scale. Two large samples of suicide attempters, 435 & 252 individuals, from a general hospital were studied. The validity of the scale’s subscales obtained from the factor analysis was investigated by examining the association between the subscales & clinical variables. There were 2 factors: […]

The Relative Influence of Different Domains of Social Connectedness on Self-Directed Violence in Adolescence

Few studies have analyzed the comparative strength of different domains of connectedness to determine where limited resources to lower the risk of self-directed violence among adolescents might best be focused. This study addressed this gap by using data from the Student Health & Safety Survey, administered to 4,131 7th-12th graders. Logistic regressions suggested that family […]

Suicidal Behavior Among Youth With Severe Emotional Disturbance

This study replicated an investigation of risk behaviours associated with suicidal behaviour in public high schools students in a population of high school age youth with severe emotional disturbance. 83 clients of the South Carolina Continuum of Care made up the sample. 4% of the youth reported seriously considering suicide, 8% reported planning how they […]

Social Context During Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Indicates Suicide Risk

The hypothesis that the social context during non-suicidal self-injury respresents an easily measurable & theoretically meaningful marker for suicide risk among those who self-injure was tested. Participants were 205 young adults. In general, self-injurers scored higher on measures of suicidality & suicide risk factors than a control sample of 596 non-injurers. In addition, self-injurers who […]

School and Community Violence and Victimization as Predictors of Adolescent Suicidal Behavior

This study examined the extent to which violent behaviour & peer victimization were associated with suicide ideation, plans, & attempts in a nationally representative sample of 11,113 American youth who completed the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Girls were more likely to report suicidal behaviour than were boys. Predictors of suicidal behaviour for both males […]

Non-Fatal Suicidal Behavior Among South Africans: Results From the South Africa Stress and Health Study

This study examined the prevalence, age of onset, & sociodemographic correlates of suicide ideation, planning, & attempts among South Africans. Nationally representative data are from the South Africa Stress & Health Study. Bivariate & survival analyses were used to delineate patterns & correlates of nonfatal suicidal behaviour. Transitions are estimated using life table analysis. The […]

Suicidal Ideation and Behavior and Some Psychological Correlates in Physically Disabled Motor-Vehicle Accident Survivors

Suicide ideation & behavior, self-concept, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, & correlations among these traits was explored in a sample of 50 Slovenian individuals permanently disabled after a motor vehicle accident. Rehabilitating patients with spinal cord injury were characterized by low total self-concept, presence of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, & suicide ideation & behaviour. Posttraumatic stress […]

Suicidal Expressions Among Young People in Nicaragua: a Community-Based Study

This study investigated self-reported life-weariness, death wishes, suicide ideation, suicidal plans, & suicide attempts among young Nicaraguans & identified factors associated with suicidal expressions. 278 individuals were interviewed. The overall 1-year prevalence of any suicidal expression was 44.8% among males & 47.4% among females. A suicide attempt in the past year was reported by 2.1% […]

Suicidal Behaviour on Subway Systems: a Review of the Epidemiology

File copy includes an erratum published in Volume 85, Issue Number 1.