Paranoia and suicidality: A cross-sectional study in the general population

Paranoia and suicidality seem to be common traits expressing in the general population to varying degrees. This study aims to explore the association between both and to identify determinants of comorbidity. We interviewed a representative sample of the population in Andalusia (n = 4507) and assessed paranoia and suicidality utilizing the Spanish Green’s Paranoid Thoughts […]

Suicidal behaviors in women with the hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

Background Hypermobile Ehlers–Danlos syndrome (hEDS) is the most frequent heritable disorder of the connective tissue. This is characterized by a generalized fragility of tissues leading to chronic pain, disability and high levels of psychological distress. Suicidal behaviors in those affected are not uncommon but they have not been well studied. We aimed to explore aspects […]

Is the end in the beginning? Child maltreatment increases the risk of non-suicidal self-injury and suicide attempts through impaired personality functioning

Background Child maltreatment is a risk factor for a range of mental disorders later in life, including dangerous self-harm and suicide attempts. A better understanding of the mechanisms underlying this association can inform prevention and intervention. Objective To investigate personality functioning as a potential mediator of the association of childhood abuse and neglect and self-harm […]

Effects of personality characteristics of different genders and quality of life analysis on risk factors for suicide in depressive patients

Objective. The study was to explore the roles of personality characteristics of different genders and analyze the risk factors of quality of life (QOL) analysis in suicide among depressive patients. Methods. One hundred and eighty-six depressive patients from January 2018 to March 2019 in the Department of Psychiatry of our hospital were enrolled and divided […]

No bad parts: Healing trauma & restoring wholeness with the internal family systems model

Is there just one “you”? We’ve been taught to believe we have a single identity, and to feel fear or shame when we can’t control the inner voices that don’t match the ideal of who we think we should be. Yet Dr. Richard Schwartz’s research now challenges this “mono-mind” theory. “All of us are born […]

Assessment of psychological pain in clinical and non-clinical samples: A preliminary investigation using the psychic pain scale

Psychological pain is an important contributing factor to suicide risk. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Psychic Pain Scale (PPS), a new measure assessing unbearable negative affect as described in Maltsberger’s theory of suicidality. The PPS was administered to n = 131 adult psychiatric patients as well as n = 953 undergraduate students. An initial factor analysis which […]

Sexual orientation and the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior: Results from a cross-sectional study of young adults in the United Kingdom

Sexual orientation minority (i.e., lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and other; LGBQ+) persons represent a vulnerable population with respect to suicide-related behavior. An emerging theory of suicide, the Integrated Motivational-Volitional Model of Suicide (IMV), is utilized in the present study to examine sexual orientation, as well as a number of other IMV-defined pre-motivational factors (i.e., demographics, […]

Big five personality clusters in relation to nonsuicidal self-injury

Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a complex behavior that serves many functions and may be motivated by several factors. Although previously limited to the context of personality disorders, consideration of how general personality traits might be related to NSSI warrants examination. Our aims were to investigate whether clusters based upon the Big Five personality traits exist […]

Analysis of personality, suicide, and self-injury in emerging adulthood

Nonsuicidal self‐injury (NSSI) is a maladaptive coping strategy that is of significant clinical concern for behavioral health professionals in college settings. Relationships between NSSI, acquired capability for suicide, interpersonal cognitions, and five‐factor model personality traits were assessed in a survey‐based study that included 192 young adults in a college setting. Results indicated that those with […]

Suicidal behavior and personality traits contribute to disability in first-episode psychosis: A 1-year follow-up study

Objective The main aim of this study was to analyze the potential relationship between suicidal behavior after first episode of psychosis (FEP) and family disability. The second aim was to find out whether personality traits are associated with disability dimensions. Method The study sample was composed of 65 FEP patients. The personal care, occupational, family, […]

How personality, coping styles, and perceived closeness influence help-seeking attitudes in suicide-bereaved adults.

This study examined the impact of personality, coping, and perceived closeness on help-seeking attitudes in suicide bereaved adults. Participants (n = 418; mean age = 49.50; 90% women, 89.7% Caucasian) completed measures of personality (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, conscientiousness, and agreeableness), coping, and attitudes toward seeking mental health services. Regression analyses revealed neuroticism as the strongest […]

Mood instability and impulsivity as trait predictors of suicidal thoughts.

~

Sexual minority stress and suicide risk: Identifying resilience through personality profile analysis.

Sexual minority-based victimization, which includes threats or enacted interpersonal violence, predicts elevated suicide risk among sexual minority individuals. However, research on personality factors that contribute to resilience among sexual minority populations is lacking. Using the Five-Factor Model, we hypothesized that individuals classified as adaptive (vs. at-risk) would be at decreased risk for a suicide attempt […]

Suicidal tendency among adolescents with adjustment disorder: Risk and protective personality factors.

Journal held in CSP Library.

Clinical and temperamental differences between early- and late-onset alcoholism in Korean men.

The aims of this study were to elucidate the clinical and temperamental differences between early- and late-onset alcoholism among Korean men and to ascertain the validity of Cloninger’s typology model of alcoholism for Koreans. There were several distinct clinical and temperamental differences between early- and late-onset alcoholism among Korean male alcoholic patients. It is suggested […]

A controlled study of suicide in middle-aged and older people: Personality traits, age, and psychiatric disorders.

Personality traits were examined using the NEO Five-Factor InventoryÐRevised in an Australian psychological autopsy study involving 259 suicide deaths and 181 sudden death controls aged 35 years and over. Interviews included the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV to determine the presence of psychiatric disorder. Personality traits of suicide deaths differed significantly from those of controls, […]

Variety of self-injury: Is the number of different methods of non-suicidal self-injury related to personality, psychopathology, or functions of self-injury?

This study explored the association between number of methods of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) and personality, psychopathology, and functions of NSSI. Two combined undergraduate samples reporting a history of NSSI (n = 149) completed measures of personality, psychopathology, and NSSI. A series of regression analyses indicated that Conscientiousness, Openness, and two functions of NSSI (i.e., Automatic […]

Combining scales to assess suicide risk.

~

Parental bonding and personality characteristics of first episode intention to suicide or deliberate self-harm without a history of mental disorders.

Background: There is substantial overlap between deliberate self-harm (DSH) and intention to suicide (ITS), although the psychopathologies and motivations behind these behaviors are distinctly different. The purpose of this study was to investigate (i) the pathway relationship among parental bonding, personality characteristics, and alexithymic traits, and (ii) the association of these features with ITS and […]

Role of impulsivity and other personality dimensions in attempted suicide with self-poisoning among children and adolescents.

Journal is held in the CSP Library.

Worldviews and individual vulnerability to suicide: The role of social axioms.

Research investigating the role of generalized beliefs about the world or worldviews is relatively scarce in the suicide literature. Two studies, using Hong Kong Chinese samples, examined how worldviews, as assessed by the Social Axioms Survey (SAS), were linked with individual vulnerability to suicide. In Study 1, we investigated the relationships of social axioms with […]

Genetics of Suicide, From Genes to Behavior

The aim of this literature review was not to comprehensively include all studies investigating the link between suicide & genetics but mainly to focus on new studies & ways of integrating & explaining the overall results. The second part of the review is based on a re-examination of the authors’ experimental works on this topic. […]

Suicide, Big Five Personality Factors, and Depression at the American State Level

Multiple regression strategies were used to analyze relations between American state suicide rates & state personality means with state socioeconomic status, White population percent, urban population percent, & depression rates controlled. Multiple regression analysis showed that neuroticism accounted for 32.0% & agreeableness another 16.3% of the variance in suicide rates when demographics & depression were […]