Suicide and personality traits: A multicenter study of Austrian and Italian psychiatric patients and students

Objective The aim of this multicenter study was to investigate the differences in personality traits, particularly Neuroticism, in three clinical samples and three student samples in Austria and Italy and their impact on suicide. Methods In total, 1,043 people (410 psychiatric inpatients and 633 university students) were tested in three regions of Europe: central Italy, […]

The suicide(SPI)and violence(VPI)from the personlaity assessment inventory: A preliminary exploration of validity in an outpatient psychiatric sample.

Assessing risk of harm to self and others is an important component of psychological assessment, although methods for risk assessment vary considerably. The Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) is frequently administered to evaluate general psychological functioning, as well as to provide information about suicide and violence risk. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the […]

The Inventory of Personality Organisation: its Psychometric Properties Among Student and Clinical Populations in Japan

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The Inventory of Altered Self-Capacities (IASC): a Standardized Measure of Identity, Affect Regulation, and Relationship Disturbance

This article describes the Inventory of Altered Self-Capacities (IASC), a 63-item standardized measure of disturbed functioning in relation to self & others. The 7 scales of the IASC are Interpersonal Conflicts, Idealization-Disillusionment, Abandonment Concerns, Identity Impairment, Susceptibility to Influence, Affect Dysregulation, & Tension Reduction Activities. The psychometric properties of the IASC were examined in general […]

Validity of the Personality Assessment Inventory for Forensic Assessments

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The use of Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) in Assessing Offenders

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Assessment of Suicide Risk (IN: Clinical Personality Assessment: Practical Approaches, ed. by J N Butcher)

The Long-Term Stability of Temperament Traits Measured After a Suicide Attempt. A 5-Year Follow-up of Ratings of Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP)

The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not temperament dimensions are stable over time. Subjects filled in the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP) both at admission after a suicide attempt & at follow-up 5 years later. KSP changes were significantly associated with low severity of psychiatric symptoms & no reported reattempts at […]

Jungian Dimensions of Personality, Subclinical Depression and Suicidal Ideation

Current subclinical depression and prior suicidal preoccupation were examined for their association with Jungian dimensions of personality innormal college students. Depression scores were associated with intorversion scores while prior suicidal preoccupation were associated with intuiting and perceiving scores. (6 refs)

The Role of Objective Personality Inventories in Suicide Risk Assessment: an Evaluation and Proposal

This article reviews the research on the efficacy of selected personality inventories in predicting suicidality, including the: California Psychological Inventory, Edwards Personal Preference Schedule, Eysenck Personality Tests, Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (I-III), MMPI, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, 16 Personality Factor Test, Neuroticism, Extroversion, Openness Personality Inventory, & Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire. Recommendations & conclusions are discussed. (99 […]

Classification of Suicide Attempters by Cluster Analysis: a Study of the Temperamental Heterogeneity in Suicidal Patients

The purpose of this study was to find sub-groups of suicide attempters with specific temperament profiles. The Karolinska Scales of Personality & the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was administered to 215 attempters aged 18-81. With these scales, 6 mutually exclusive clusters of differing temperaments were found. Most clusters showed low Socialization scores & high Anxiety scores. […]

Cluster Analysis Update: A Third Personality Profile

Temperamental Vulnerability in Attempted Suicide

The features of suicidal temperament were explored & the psychological domains of vulnerability in attempted suicide are described. 32 suicide attempters were compared to 32 matched controls on self-report personality inventories. Suicide attempters had higher scores on items such as neuroticism, psychoticism, suspicion, & lower socialization. The features of suicidal temperament included factors such as […]

Comparison of the Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory and the Suicide Ideation Questionnaire-Junior With an Adolescent Inpatient Sample

The correlation of scores on the Million Adolescent Personality Inventory & the Suicide Ideation Questionnaire-Junior was assessed. 9 adolescents on being admitted to an inpatient psychiatric facility were given the 2 inventories. Of the 20 categories on the Million, scores on 10 were significantly correlated with scores on suicide ideation. High suicide ideators tended to […]

Personality Traits of Suicide Attempters Assessed Through the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

It is hypothesized that a correlation exists between suicide attempters & the personality traits assessed through the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. The sample consisted of 118 subjects, ages 9-20, hospitalized because of a suicide attempt & 125 subjects who had not attempted suicide. Results suggest that some of the traits measured by Myers-Briggs are similar to […]

Assessment of Suicidal Risk Among Adolescents (IN: Testing Adolescents: a Reference Guide for Comprehensive Psychological Assessments, edited by R G Harrington)

Adolescent suicide referrals originate from a variety of sources. This chapter introduces major assessment issues. The assessment strategies discussed include biographical & psychological data, the clinical interview, formal psychological assessments, & instrumentation specifically designed to assess suicidal risk. A multidimensional approach is presented. Case examples demonstrate applications of assessment procedures in a crisis situation & […]

Relationships Between Suicidal Behavior and Personality Types

The hypotheses that introversion & the introverted-intuitive-feeling-perceiving type (Meyers-Briggs Type Indicator) are related to suicidal ideation & behaviours were examined. Analyses of data from 330 university students found 4 interactive suicidal behaviour risk models: introverted-perceiving (females); introverted-sensing-feeling (males); introverted-intuitive-perceiving (males); extraverted-intuitive-judging (males). Implications for risk assessment & intervention are discussed.

Uncomplicated Bereavement

This paper evaluates the validity of the distinction between the depressive syndrome associated with uncomplicated bereavement and major depression by following the course, associated symptoms, & impairment associated with depressive episodes occurring in bereaved widows & widowers. 259 subjects were interviewed & completed the San Diego Widowhood Questionnaire. Ss were diagnodFsed according to the DSMIII-R […]

Swedish Translations of the Suicide Probability Scale, Perceived Social Support From Friends and Family Scales, and the Scale for Interpersonal Behavior: a Reliability Analysis

The Suicide Probability Scale, the Perceived Social Support from Friends and Family scales, and the Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour were translated into Swedish & their reliability was estimated in a university sample. The results of the study supported the use of the scales as reliable methods for assessing suicide risk, perceived social support from friends […]

Personality Assessment in Suicide Prediction (IN: Assessment and Prediction of Suicide, edited by R W Maris et al)

The usefulness of personality assessments in the evaluation of suicide risk are examined. A review of the research related to using the Rorschach, the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), & the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) in the assessment of suicidality. A case illustration shows how a battery of psychological tests can be used to identify […]

Accurate Knowledge About Suicide and Personality

Leenaars et al published a 16-item inventory of myths & facts about suicide. This inventory was administered to 157 college students together with the short form of the Maudsley Personality Inventory to measure Extraversion & Neuroticism. Scores on the myths inventory were not significantly association with scores for extraversion or neuroticism. In this sample, accuracy […]

Tedium, Depression, and Suicidal Preoccupation

The present study was designed to explore whether tedium was related to depression & suicidal preoccupation. A questionnaire was administered to 127 college students. Tedium scores were significantly associated with depression inventory scores, scores on the current suicidal ideation item of the inventory & a history of suicidal ideation, threats, & attempts. A measure of […]

Personality Assessment in Suicide Prediction (IN: Assessment and Prediction of Suicide – a Special Issue of SLTB)

This article describes the various personality assessment tests used to evaluate suicide risk, including the Rorscharch, the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), & the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). A case history is also presented. The authors conclude that the tests are not particularly useful for assessing immediate risk, but may help discover suicidal tendencies. They […]