Perfectionistic self-presentation, socially prescribed perfectionism, self-oriented perfectionism, interpersonal hopelessness, and suicidal ideation in U.S. adults: Reexamining the social disconnection model

Objective Research has linked perfectionism to increased suicidal ideation (SI), although less is known regarding the mechanisms that explain this relation. The Perfectionism Social Disconnection Model (PSDM) posits that interpersonal aspects of perfectionism cause interpersonal problems (e.g., hostility, loneliness) which in turn increase a person’s risk for experiencing SI. The present study aimed to replicate […]

A person-centered approach to adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury: Predictors and correlates in a community sample

Growing incidence of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and a lack of intensive examination of NSSI variability among adolescents justify identification of latent classes based on the endorsement of different NSSI behaviors. Latent class analysis was used to detect the heterogeneity of past month NSSI among 322 high school students (73.2% female). Two interpretable latent classes emerged. […]

Resilience and vulnerability factors influence the cortisol awakening response in individuals vulnerable to suicide

Suicide is a global health issue. Dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity, as measured by cortisol levels, has been identified as one potential risk factor. Evidence is emerging to suggest that different psychological factors may be associated with increased resilience and vulnerability in this context. The current study investigated whether trait resilience, social support, socially prescribed […]

Suicide risk after psychiatric discharge: Study protocol of a naturalistic, long-term, prospective observational study

Background Suicide risk of psychiatric patients has proven to be strongly increased in the months after discharge from a psychiatric hospital. Despite this high risk, there is a lack of systematic research on the causes of this elevated suicide risk as well as a lack of treatment and intervention for patients at high risk after […]

Guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy for perfectionism in a non-clinical sample of adolescents: A study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Perfectionism is elevated across a range of psychopathologies and has been shown to impede treatment outcomes. There is also evidence suggesting elevated perfectionism may contribute to the onset and maintenance of non-suicidal self-injury. There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy for perfectionism reduces perfectionism and symptoms of psychological disorders and […]

How to cope with perfectionism? Perfectionism as a risk factor for suicidality and the role of cognitive coping in adolescents.

Suicide among adolescents is a significant health concern. Gaining more knowledge about markers that contribute to or protect against suicide is crucial. Perfectionism is found to be a personality trait that is strongly predictive for suicidality; it can be divided into personal standards perfectionism (PS) and concerns about mistakes and doubts perfectionism (CMD). This study […]

Perfectionism moderates the relationship between thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness and suicide ideation in adolescents

According to the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide, suicide ideation is associated with thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness. According to the Perfectionism Social Disconnection Model, excessive perfectionism is also considered to be a risk factor for depression and suicide. In the present study, the role of perfectionism as a moderator in the association between interpersonal distress […]

An examination of social comparison and suicide ideation through the lens of the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior

We aimed to investigate whether negative social comparisons are associated with key components of the integrated motivational-volitional (IMV) model of suicidal behavior. Specifically, we investigated the relationship between negative social comparisons, suicide ideation, defeat, entrapment, socially prescribed perfectionism, and resilience. Adult participants (N = 422) completed an online survey comprised of a range of psychological measures. An […]

The destructiveness of perfectionism revisited: Implications for the assessment of suicide risk and the prevention of suicide.

Although perfectionism is recognized as a factor that is linked with suicide, we maintain that the role of perfectionism as an amplifier of the risk of suicide has been underestimated due to several factors. In the current article, contemporary research on the role of perfectionism in suicide is reviewed and summarized. Several themes are addressed, […]

The perniciousness of perfectionism: A meta-analytic review of the perfectionism-suicide relationship.

Over 50 years of research implicates perfectionism in suicide. Yet the role of perfectionism in suicide needs clarification due to notable between-study inconsistencies in findings, underpowered studies, and uncertainty whether perfectionism confers risk for suicide. Objective: We addressed this by meta-analyzing perfectionism’s relationship with suicide ideation and attempts. We also tested whether self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially […]

When ideals get in the way of self-care: Perfectionism and self-stigma for seeking psychological help among high school students.

In the current study, we investigated whether adolescents high in perfectionism are prone to experiencing self-stigma for seeking psychological help. This work is based on the premise that the need to seek help for psychological difficulties is not consistent with idealistic personal goals of perfectionistic young people and their desire to retain an idealistic self-image. […]

Perfectionism in anxiety and depression: Comparisons across disorders, relations with symptom severity, and role of comorbidity.

We investigated perfectionism in clinical samples using new measures of maladaptive cognitive-personality dimensionsÑthe Evaluative Concerns Perfectionism Scale (ECPS) and Self-Critical Perfectionism Scale (SCPS), as well as the Frost (FMPS) and the Hewitt and Flett (HMPS) Multidimensional Perfectionism Scales. Outpatients (N = 190) with a principal diagnosis of social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder with or […]

Maladaptive perfectionism: Understanding the psychological vulnerability to suicide in terms of developmental history.


For gifted children, being intelligent can have dark implications.


Recollections of parental rejection, self-criticism and depression in suicidality.

Individuals with recollections of parental rejection are at greater risk for suicide ideation and behavior, possibly because such experiences predispose them to intense self-criticism which is a risk factor for depression associated with suicidal ideation and behavior. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at

Psychological distress and perfectionism in recent suicide attempters: The role of behavioural inhibition and activation.

Despite the growing evidence that perfectionism is associated with adolescent psychological distress, few studies have investigated this relationship prospectively with measures designed for use in adolescent populations. In the present study, within a diathesisÐstress framework, we investigated the extent to which perfectionism and acute life stress predict depression, anxiety and self-harm among adolescent school children […]

Perfectionism, narcissism, and depression in suicidal and nonsuicidal adolescent inpatients.

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between 2 psychological profiles: (a) the intrapersonal profile, involving self-critical depression, self-oriented perfectionism, and narcissism, and (b) the interpersonal profile, involving dependent depression and socially prescribed perfectionism, and the association of these 2 profiles with suicidal behavior among adolescent inpatients. Contact us for a copy […]

The perfectionistic self-presentation scale-junior form: psychometric properties and association with social anxiety in early adolescents.

A sample of 88 adolescents in Grades 7 and 8 completed the PSPS-JR, the Child-Adolescent Perfectionism Scale, the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale for Children, and a three-factor measure of social anxiety. Psychometric analyses indicated that two of the PSPS-JR subscales had acceptable levels of internal consistency, but the nondisclosure of imperfection subscale had relatively low internal […]

Depression and suicide in sportspeople.

The stigma of mental illness in sport has recently come to prominence following the tragic suicides of several high-profile sportspeople. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at

The “model minority” victim: immigration, gender, and Asian American vulnerabilities to violence at school.

Although previous research has demonstrated that immigration and gender may be related to victimization within U.S. schools, this study explores how immigration and gender are related to the victimization of Asian American youth within U.S. schools. Multilevel analyses that draw from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 suggest some important results. For instance, Asian American […]

Perfectionistic self-presentation in children and adolescents: development and validation of the perfectionistic self-presentation scale–Junior Form.

Research on adults indicates that perfectionistic self-presentation, the interpersonal expression of one’s perfection, is associated with a variety of psychopathological outcomes independent of trait perfectionism and Big Five traits. The current article reports on the development and evidence for the validity of the subtest score interpretations of an 18-item self-report measure of perfectionistic self-presentation for […]

Socioaffective issues and concerns among gifted Filipino children.


Perfectionism and peer relations among children with obsessive-compulsive disorder.

The study examined perfectionism, symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and depression, and peer relationships among a clinical sample of 31 youth (age␣range 7Ð18 years) diagnosed with OCD. Using a correlational design, perfectionistic beliefs accounted for significant variance in OCD symptoms, depressive symptoms, and difficulties in peer relationships for children with OCD. One dimension of perfectionism, […]