Parenthood and lower risk of suicide in women and men: The total Swedish population followed across adulthood

Background Previous studies suggest a protective effect of parenthood on suicide, but little is known about how the association may change across the lifespan, or in relation to sex, marital status or occurrence of psychiatric disorders. Methods We followed a cohort of over 5 million Swedish women and men, from 1991 to 2011, up to […]

Examining discrepant reports of adolescents’ self-injurious thoughts and behaviors: A focus on racial and ethnic minority families

Introduction Adolescents and their parents do not always see eye to eye. This principle applies to multi-informant reports of adolescents’ self-injurious thoughts and behaviors. Although prior work has revealed the presence of parent-adolescent discrepant reports, we have little insight into exactly who is most likely to display such discrepancies. To address this knowledge gap, the present investigation […]

Parental psychological control, parent-related loneliness, depressive symptoms, and regulatory emotional self-efficacy: A moderated serial mediation model of nonsuicidal self-injury

Objective Adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has become an alarming public health concern. Parental psychological control has been identified as a risk factor for NSSI in some western samples. However, the relationship between parental psychological control and NSSI remains unclear among Chinese adolescents. Furthermore, little is known about how parental psychological control affects NSSI. This study […]

Parents talking to middle school children about sex: A protective factor against suicide in sexually active teens

Suicide continues to be a considerable health risk among adolescents and is the second leading cause of death among adolescents between the ages of 10 and 24. Middle school-aged adolescents may be at a heightened risk for suicide, as middle school can be rife with intrapersonal and interpersonal stressors. One such stressor may be sexual […]

Research brief: Behaviors of supportive parents and caregivers for LGBTQ youth

Parental and caregiver actions can play a pivotal role in the mental health of LGBTQ youth. Across multiple studies, a strong parent/caregiver-child relationship has been found to support good mental health among LGBTQ youth (Bouris et al., 2010). Research from the Family Acceptance Project has found that LGBTQ young adults who report high levels of family acceptance […]

Long-term effects of the family check-up on suicidality in childhood and adolescence: Integrative data analysis of three randomized trials

This study employed integrative data analysis techniques to examine the long-term effects of the family check-up (FCU) on changes in youth suicide risk using three randomized prevention trials, including one trial initiated in early childhood and two initiated in early adolescence. Data were harmonized across studies using moderated nonlinear factor analysis, and intervention effects were […]

Association of parenting with suicidal ideation and attempts in children and youth: Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Background Suicide is a leading cause of death in children and youth, with suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts (referred to as non-fatal suicidal behaviors (NFSB)) being among its strongest predictors. Positive parenting (e.g., warmth, responsiveness), negative parenting (e.g., control, hostility), and parent-child relationship quality (e.g., trust, communication) have been reported to be associated with differences […]

Understanding the linkages between parental monitoring, school academic engagement, substance use, and suicide among adolescents in U.S.

Background Suicide is the second leading cause of death among youth and young adults. Improving the understanding of social-ecological factors associated with youth suicide behaviors may highlight important ideas for prevention. Objective From a social-ecological theoretical framework of suicide, this study aims to test whether parental monitoring and school academic engagement predict suicidal behavior and […]

African Americans’ diminished returns of parental education on adolescents’ depression and suicide in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study

To investigate racial and ethnic differences in the protective effects of parental education and marital status against adolescents’ depressed mood and suicidal attempts in the U.S. As proposed by the Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs), parental education generates fewer tangible outcomes for non-White compared to White families. Our existing knowledge is very limited regarding diminished returns […]

Cause of caregiver death and surviving caregiver coping style predict thwarted belongingness in bereaved youth

Both bereavement and thwarted belongingness serve as risk markers for youth suicide-related behaviors. This study examined candidate predictors of thwarted belongingness among bereaved youth, including caregiver cause of death and surviving caregiver coping style. A group of 43 caregiver-bereaved families (58 children aged 7–13-years-old) participated in a longitudinal study investigating associations between hypothesized bereavement-related contextual […]

Association between parental medical claims for opioid prescriptions and risk of suicide attempt by their children

Importance  The rate of youth suicide has increased over the past 15 years in the United States as has the rate of death due to opioid overdose in adults of parental age. Objective  To explore the possible connection between parental use of prescription opioids and the increasing rate of youth suicide. Design, Setting, and Participants  […]

Shadows from the past: The mothering experience of women survivors of maternal suicide

Raising children, while challenging in the best of times, can be more complicated for a woman who lost her own mother during her childhood/adolescent years. This study examines the long-term impact of maternal suicide as evident in the mothering experiences of 12 Israeli women. Findings The participants’ descriptions reveal a constant Sisyphean struggle to move […]

Exploring how teens, young adults and parents responded to 13 Reasons Why: Global report.

Adolescents’ use of and access to media around the world has changed dramatically over the past decade (Livingstone, Haddon, Vincent, Mascheroni, & Olaffson, 2014; Rideout, 2015; Sozio et al., 2014) with the development of mobile technologies, such as cell phones and tablet computers, and the increase in streaming media content, like Netflix. These changes have […]

Exploring how teens and parents responded to 13 Reasons Why: United States report.

KEY FINDINGS 1. 13 Reasons Why resonated with teens and young adults, and they felt it was beneficial for them and people their age to watch. 2. 13 Reasons Why provided teens, young adults, and even parents with information about various difficult topics. 3. Adolescents and young adults reported seeking information about the tough topics following […]

Mortality in single fathers compared with single mothers and partnered parents: A population-based cohort study.

Single parent families, including families headed by single fathers, are becoming increasingly common around the world. Previous evidence suggests that single parenthood is associated with adverse health outcomes and increased mortality; however, most studies have focused on single mothers, with little known about the health of single fathers. This study aimed to examine mortality in a […]

Suicidal ideation among heroin-abusing mothers in methadone maintenance treatment.

Background: There is a dearth of information about mothers in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), their parental stress, and suicidal ideation. Aim: To evaluate parenting stress and suicidal ideation among heroin-dependent mothers in MMT. Method: The study was conducted at an MMT center. Inclusion criteria were mothers with at least one child between 6–12 years of […]

Impact of an empowerment-based parent education program on the reduction of youth suicide.

Purpose: To evaluate the impact of parent education groups on youth suicide risk factors. The potential for informal transmission of intervention impacts within school communities was assessed. Methods: Parent education groups were offered to volunteers from 14 high schools that were closely matched to 14 comparison schools. The professionally led groups aimed to empower parents […]

Effects of a military parenting program on parental distress and suicidal ideation: After deployment adaptive parenting tools.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

The price of privilege: How parental pressure and material advantage are creating a generation of disconnected and unhappy kids.

In recent years, numerous studies have shown that bright, charming, seemingly confident and socially skilled teenagers from affluent, loving families are experiencing epidemic rates of depression, substance abuse, and anxiety disorders, rates higher than in any other socioeconomic group of American adolescents. Materialism, pressure to achieve, perfectionism, and disconnection are combining to create a perfect […]

Clarifying the relationship of parental bonding to suicide ideation and attempts.

Suicide and suicidal behavior are major public health problems, especially among adolescents and young adults. Previous research has established links between parental bonding and suicidality; however, it remains unclear whether parental bonding is associated with suicide ideation, the progression from suicide ideation to suicide attempts, or both. This study examined the relation of parental bonding […]

Learning to listen: Teaching an active listening strategy to preservice education professionals.

The importance of parentÐteacher communication has been widely recognized; however, there is only limited research on teaching effective listening skills to education professionals. The parents judged the postinstruction performances of the preservice education professionals to be better examples of effective communication than the preinstruction performances of the preservice education professionals. Contact us for a copy […]

Kids-parents-school personnel; few are talking and even less are listening.

Teacher awareness and a desire to create a positive environment can result in an atmosphere where caring is the norm and bullying is not tolerated. Yet, if parents and teachers are not communicating, timely and well-reasoned responses to bullying cannot be offered.

In-home intervention with families in distress: Changing places to promote change.

This article examines the benefits of in-home family therapy with severely distressed families through the analysis of four cases that demonstrate the creative use of this intervention with families whose children were placed in a full-time day care facility. Although the efficacy of home intervention with distressed families has been documented, the case illustrations here […]