Are bullying perpetration and victimization associated with adolescent deliberate self-harm? A meta-analysis

This study sought to appraise internationally published literature investigating bullying in its association with deliberate self-harm (DSH). A systematic review and series of meta-analyses using random effects models were conducted. A total of 68 effect sizes, analyzing data from 156,284 adolescents aged 11–19 years were examined. Results showed significant associations between both traditional bullying perpetration […]

Cognitive-behavioral treatment of chronically parasuicidal borderline patients.

A randomized clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral therapy, ie, dialectical behavior therapy, for the treatment of chronically parasuicidal women who met criteria for borderline personality disorder. The treatment lasted 1 year, with assessment every 4 months. The control condition was “treatment as usual” in the community. At most assessment points […]

Emergency room visits for suicide attempts: Rates, trends and sociodemographic characteristics of suicide attempts in Northeastern Anatolia.

~

The cessation of deliberate self-harm in a university sample: The reasons, barriers, and strategies involved.

Journal copy is held in CSP Library.

Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) interventions.

All treatments studied, developmental group therapy, individual cognitive-behavioral therapy, and dialectical behavioral therapy for adolescents, were found to be comparable to the typical treatments offered in the treatment settings where the research was conducted. Additional strategies such as harm reduction have very limited evidence suggesting they may be helpful. A few common interventions including relaxation […]

Suicide and deliberate self-harm in Oxford University students over a 30-year-period.

~

Parasuicide as an emotion regulation behavior.

Physiological arousal and subjective appraisal were compared between controls and participants with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), in the context of a personally relevant imagery: Nonsuicidal self injury, suicide attempt, and stressful event. BPD participants were more aroused compared to controls at resting state. BPD also exhibited less emotional activities during the suicide attempt and self-harm […]

Parasuicidality and Patient Careerism: Treatment Recidivism and the Dialectics of Failure

The author interprets parasuicidal behaviour as a means certain individuals use to sustain patient careers. Contrary to the current trend to identify this behaviour solely as the defining symptoms of borderline personality disorder, the author argues that parasuicidality often emerges from the symbiotic relationship between individuals with particular existential needs & the medicalized institutions that […]

Parasuicide in Pregnancy

Parasuicide is a significant risk factor for completed suicide. Furthermore, suicide is emerging as an important cause of maternal death, especially among young mothers. There are no published reports of parasuicide in pregnancy from poor countries. Three cases are reported to highlight this issue & to demonstrate management options available to health professionals working in […]

A Tentative Epidemiologic Approach to Suicide Prevention in Adolescence

Suicide mortality rates are usually second or third after accidents & homicides, depending on the country, among adolescents. Rates in males are regularly higher than those in females. Owing to the universal absence of a systematic recording of parasuicide cases, morbidity data are much more difficult to get & to analyze. Data based on hospital […]

Childhood Sexual Abuse Predicts Poor Outcome Seven Years After Parasuicide

The predictive value of a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder was compared to the predictive value of a history of childhood sexual abuse in terms of outcome 7 years later in Swedish patients admitted for parasuicide. Univariate regression analysis showed higher odds ratios for borderline personality disorder, female gender, & childhood sexual abuse regarding prolonged […]

The Role of Expressed Emotion, Self-Concept, Coping, and Depression in Parasuicidal Behavior: a Follow-Up Study

This study characterized expressed emotion in families of individuals with parasuicidal behaviour & examined the significant relationships between expressed emotion, coping, depression, self-concept, & parasuicidal behaviours. The sample consisted of 67 subjects divided into 2 groups & followed up for 9 months. Group 1 included 34 parasuicides & Group 2 was 33 matched controls. Parasuicides […]

Adolescent Violence Screening in the ED

~

The Role of Perfectionism and Autobiographical Memory in a Sample of Parasuicide Patients

~

Sociodemographic and Clinical Profile of Deliberate Self-Harm Syndrome in Jordanian Patients

~

Age and Gender Differences in the use of Various Poisoning Methods for Deliberate Parasuicide Cases Admitted to Loghman Hospital in Tehran (2000-2004)

~

Clinical Risk Factors Associated With Parasuicide in Prison

~

Acetaminophen Overdose in Jamaica

~

Autobiographical Memory and Emotional Disorders (IN: The Handbook of Emotion and Memory: Research and Theory, edited by S-A Christianson)

The aim of the research reported in this chapter is to investigate memory biases associated with emotional disorders. Suicidal behaviour is used as a paradigm case. Research was started with the assumption that, immediately prior to a crisis, the person does not use available resources & is not amenable to persuasion, partly because he or […]

Changes in Psychological Maladaptation Among Inmate Parasuicides

33 males who engaged in parasuicide in prison were assessed for suicidal behaviour & other psychological maladaptation upon prison entry & 1 year later. Depression & suicide ideation scores decreased significantly at 1 year, although continued distress also was evident. State- & trait-anger levels did not change significantly. Congruent with other research, inmates who engaged […]

Theory of Planned Behaviour and Parasuicide: an Exploratory Study

This study applied a social cognition model to parasuicidal behaviour. An extended theory of planned behaviour model was tested on 55 individuals drawn from hospital & non-hospital populations in Glasgow. 38% of the sample reported a history of deliberate self-harm. Findings supported the utility of model: attitudes, subjective norm, self-efficacy, moral norm, & anticipated affect […]

Cholesterol Quandaries: Relationship to Depression and the Suicidal Experience

This article examines the relationship between low serum cholesterol & mood disorders as well as the relationship between cholesterol & suicide ideation, suicide attempts, & parasuicide. (60 refs.)

Coping With Adolescent Parasuicides

This presentation was structured to introduce background & current work on adolescent parasuicides; to describe the context of the study being presented & the research methodology used; to analyze & describe the results; & to discuss precipitating factors. Possible explanations for parasuicidal behaviour were briefly discussed. The presentation also outlined a model for coping with […]