Media reporting of suicide in Muslim countries.

Suicide is a major problem in public health around the world (World Health Organization [WHO], 2014). To devise the suicide prevention programme, the analysis of suicide causes has always been the subject of research. Responsible reporting of suicidal behaviour is a population-wide preventive strategy (Niederkrotenthaler et al., 2020; World Health Organization, 2017; Zalsman et al., […]

Newspaper suicide reporting in a muslim country: Analysis of violations and compliance with international guidelines

Suicide attempt rates are on the rise in predominantly Islamic Republic of Pakistan. However, there exists an indigenous academic apathy toward exploring media-suicide relationships. This study, using content analysis and interviews, examines the lack of compliance with international ethical guidelines for suicide reporting by Pakistani newspapers. In 553 reported suicide cases, 2,355 guideline violations were […]

Epidemic of Kala Pathar (Paraphenylene Diamine) poisoning: An emerging threat in Southern Punjab.

Objective: To assess cases of the spectrum of Kala Pathar poisoning in all age groups. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Bahawalpur and Bahawal Victoria Hospital (BVH),¬†Bahawalpur, from January 2016 to April 2017. Methodology: All the cases of Kala Pathar (Paraphenylene diamine (PPD)) poisoning, admitted and treated at […]

Self Inflicted Burn; a High Tide

This study highighted the demographic profile, examined methods of self-inflicted burns, & explored precipitating factors in Jamshoro, Pakistan over a period of 8 years. 154 cases with self-inflicted burns were divided into 2 groups: sucide attempters & self-immolators. Self-immolators were considerably younger than suicide attempters. Males dominated in the self-immolators group while females outnumbered males […]

Psychological Autopsy Study of Suicide in Karachi

In this letter to the editor, the authors comment on a study by Khan et al (2008) on suicide in Karachi, Pakistan & request clarification of some of the variables. Khan’s response follows. (7 refs.)

Deliberate Self-Harm in the Emergency Department: Experience From Karachi, Pakistan

This study examined the characteristics & management of patients presenting with deliberate self-harm to the emergency department of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. A retrospective chart review of 98 patients was carried out. The mean age of patients was 23.5 years. The majority were female, most had used drugs for deliberate self-harm. […]

Measuring Hopelessness and Life Orientation in Pakistani Adolescents

This study measured hopelessness & hopefulness in Pakistani adolescents. Translated versions (into Urdu) of the Beck Hopelessness Scale & the Life Orientation Test were administered to 723 adolescents & young adults. For the Urdu Beck Hopelessness Scale, all item-total correlation coefficients were significant & yielded a single component. The principal component analysis on the Urdu […]

Cost of Treatment of Deliberate Self-Harm: a Study From Pakistan

A retrospective review of 98 patients through medical & billing records generated during 2004 was done to evaluate the cost of treatment of patients presenting with deliberate self-harm to a teaching hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. The mean cost for admitted & discharged patients was US$255 and US$55.60, respectively. This cost is extremely high in a […]

Deliberate Self-Harm: Characteristics of Patients Presenting to a Tertiary Care Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan


Attitudes Toward Suicide Bombing in Pakistan


Pattern of Deliberate Self-Harm in Young People in Karachi, Pakistan


Female Suicide Rates in Ghizer, Pakistan


Case-Control Study of Suicide in Karachi, Pakistan

This study sought to identify major risk factors associated with suicide in Karachi, Pakistan. Interviews were conducted for 100 consecutive suicides, which were matched for age, gender, & area of residence with 100 living controls. Both univariate analysis & conditional logistic regression model results indicate predictors of suicide in Pakistan are psychiatric disorders, especially depression, […]

The Suicide Note: What can be Done in the Light of its Implications


Relationshp Between Protective and Risk Factors for Suicide in Depressed Patients


Validation of the Urdu Translation of the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation


Epidemiology of Suicide in Pakistan: Determining Rates in six Cities

To determine suicide rates, the authors carried out an analysis of suicide reports from six cities in Pakistan. Rates vary from 0.43/100,000 in Peshawar to 2.86/100,000 in Rawalpindi. Rates for men are consistently higher than women; highest rates for men were 7.06/100,000 between the ages 20-40 years in Larkana, Sindh province. Given the legal, socio-cultural, […]

Suicide Prevention in Pakistan: an Impossible Challenge?


Suicidal Feelings run High Among Mothers in Refugee Camps: a Cross-Sectional Survey

A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 297 consecutive Afghan mothers in two refugee camps in Pakistan. 106 of the women in the sample screened positive for a common mental disorder. 96 of those screening positive had had suicidal thoughts in the previous month, & 9 rated suicidal feelings as their topmost concern. There is a […]

Suicidal Ideation in Pakistani College Students

Suicides in the Developing World: Case Study From Pakistan


Comparative Study of Suicide Potential Among Pakistani and American Psychiatric Patients

This study compared suicide potential & suicide attempts in 50 Pakistani & 50 American psychiatric patients all of whom reported a positive history of suicide attempts during the past 1-5 years. It further explored the role of nationality, gender, diagnosis, & marital status in respondents’ potential for suicide & suicide attempts. Findings are discussed. (64 […]

Suicide on the Indian Subcontinent

This article discusses the fact that 10% of the worlds suicides take place in just three countries on the Indian subcontinent: India, Sri Lanka & Pakistan. Different traits from western suicides are compared in the article, such as the high use of organophosphate insecticides, larger numbers of married women, fewer elderly subjects & interpersonal relationship […]