The impact of physical pain on suicidal thoughts and behaviors: Meta-analyses

Although the relationship between physical pain and suicidal thoughts and behaviors has been explored in multiple epidemiologic and clinical studies, it is still far from being well understood. Consequently, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in individuals with and without physical pain. We searched MEDLINE and PsycINFO (May […]

The experience of pain is strongly associated with poor sleep quality and increased risk for suicide

Objective Effective suicide prevention is hindered by a limited understanding of the neurobiology leading to suicide. We aimed to examine the association between changes in the experience of pain and disturbances in sleep quantity and quality in patients with elevated risk for suicide. Methods Three groups of adult depressed individuals, including patients following a recent […]

Pain catastrophizing as a predictor of suicidal ideation in chronic pain patients with an opiate prescription

Chronic pain and opioid use are associated with increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviors (SIB) in cross-sectional studies, particularly among individuals who catastrophize about their pain. This study examined the longitudinal association between  two styles of pain coping, catastrophizing and hoping/praying, as predictors of subsequent SIB, as well as possible mediators of this association […]

Suicide risk factors and warning signs: What we’ve learned from the research

It’s important to understand that there are many potential suicide risk variables, the following are a subset of variables with strong empirical research support: Risk factors including a history of suicidal behaviors; suicidal thoughts; suicide preparation; Warning signs including severe substance abuse; impulsivity; critical relationship problems; severe health/pain problems; serious sleep problems and legal/financial crisis. See […]

Pain and suicidality in children and adolescents: A longitudinal population‑based study

Suicidality is a common public health concern in young people. Previous research has highlighted pain as a key correlate of suicidality in young people. However, the long-term experience of pain may vary between individuals, and the relationship between distinct pain trajectories and suicidality is poorly understood. This study aims to describe the number and nature […]

Pain threshold and pain tolerance as a predictor of deliberate self-harm among adolescents and young adults

Background: Recently, the assessment of pain has been used as a parameter to differentiate adolescents who indulge in deliberate self-harm from healthy individuals. Aims and objectives: The present study was conducted to compare pain sensitivity between three groups, i.e., nonsuicidal self-injury/nonsuicidal self-harm (NSSI), suicide attempters (SA), and matched healthy control (NSSI, SA, and healthy controls). Materials and […]

Multicenter survey of symptoms, work life, economic status, and quality of life of complex regional pain syndrome patients

Background: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is an intractable pain disease with various symptoms. Here, we investigated the disease status, work life, sleep problems, medical insurance, economic status, psychological problems, and quality of life (QOL) of CRPS patients. Methods: CRPS patients from 37 university hospitals in South Korea were surveyed. The survey questionnaire consisted of […]

Pain as a risk factor for suicidal behavior in older adults: A systematic review

Objective The objective of this systematic review was to examine whether pain is a risk factor for suicidal behavior (suicide ideation, suicide attempts or suicide) in older adults. Material and methods An extensive search was conducted on the following databases: MEDLINE, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus and PsycARTICLES. Search terms used were “pain”, “suicid*” and […]

Clarifying the role of pain tolerance in suicidal capability

Joiner’s (2005) interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide hypothesizes that painful and provocative events increase pain tolerance. The theory further proposes that increased pain tolerance represents one component of increased suicidal capability. Although initial studies have been consistent with this model, several key aspects remain untested. In 67 undergraduates, we investigated associations among painful and provocative events, […]

Multiple types of somatic pain increase suicide attempts and depression: A nationwide community sample of Korean adults

Objective Somatic pain is an important risk factor for suicide and suicidal behaviors. However, the association between the number of somatic pain conditions and lifetime suicide attempts (LSA) has not been well established yet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine associations between LSA and multiple somatic pain (MSP), singe pain, and no pain in a nationwide […]

When the pain becomes unbearable: Case-control study of mental pain characteristics among medically serious suicide attempters

The unbearable mental pain experience is recognized as a key antecedent of suicidal behavior. We aimed to examine the precise nature of the mental pain among medically serious suicide attempters (MSSAs), a population closely resembling those who died by suicide. We evaluated various factors of mental pain from the Orbach and Mikulincer Mental Pain Scale, […]

Invisible illness increases risk of suicidal ideation: The role of social workers in preventing suicide.

Many chronic, invisible illnesses that involve chronic pain—fibromyalgia, complex regional pain syndrome, postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, and myalgic encephalomyelitis—can greatly affect both physical and mental health

Effects of intravenous ketamine in a patient with post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome.

Post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS) is a pain disorder for which there remains no gold standard treatment option. Here, we report a case of PTLDS in a female patient whose pain was refractory to treatment options such as radiofrequency ablation, vitamin infusion therapy, opioid analgesics, and other pharmacotherapies. The patient commenced an experimental intravenous ketamine […]

Mental pain as a mediator of suicidal tendency: A path analysis.

Background This study used path-analysis to examine the assumption that the presence of mental pain in adults mediates the relationship between self-destruction, number of losses experienced in one’s life, and suicidal tendency. Methods Fifty suicidal inpatients, 50 non-suicidal inpatients and 50 healthy volunteers were assessed for self-destruction, losses experienced, depression, suicidal tendency, and mental pain. […]

Headache disability, suicidality and pain catastrophization–are they related?

Studies have found that headache is associated with suicidality. Some demographic and clinical features have been reported to be associated with suicidality. Pain catastrophizing and disability may also have bearing on suicidality in patients with headache. Disability due to headache and pain catastrophizing is associated with increased suicidal tendencies, behaviour and suicidal attempts. Headache in […]

Arthritis and suicide attempts: Findings from a large nationally representative Canadian survey.

The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the odds of suicide attempts among those with arthritis compared with those without and to see what factors attenuate this association and (2) to identify which factors are associated with suicide attempts among adults with arthritis. Secondary data analysis of the nationally representative 2012 Canadian Community […]

Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in older adults: Influences of chronic illness, functional limitations, and pain.

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Migraine headache and risk of self-harm and suicide: A population-based study in Ontario, Canada.

The aim of this article was to examine the association between migraine headache and self-harm and suicide mortality using population-based health administrative data from Ontario, Canada. Physician diagnosis of migraine headache was found to be prospectively associated with increased risk of deliberate self-harm, but there was no evidence linking it to suicide mortality. Definitively linking […]

Acquired capability for suicide, pain tolerance, and fearlessness of pain: Validation of the pain tolerance scale of the German Capability for Suicide Questionnaire.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

The three-step theory (3ST): A new theory of suicide rooted in the “ideation-to-action” framework.

The present article introduces a specific theory of suicide rooted in the ideation-to-action framework: the Three-Step Theory (3ST). First, the theory hypothesizes that suicide ideation results from the combination of pain (usually psychological pain) and hopelessness. Second, among those experiencing both pain and hopelessness, connectedness is a key protective factor against escalating ideation. Third, the […]

Noncancer pain conditions and risk of suicide.

Analyses examined the association between baseline clinical diagnoses of pain-related conditions (arthritis, back pain, migraine, neuropathy, headache or tension headache, fibromyalgia, and psychogenic pain) and subsequent suicide death (assessed in fiscal years 2006-2008).There is a need for increased awareness of suicide risk in individuals with certain noncancer pain diagnoses, in particular back pain, migraine, and […]

A symptom profile analysis of depression in a sample of Iranian patients.

Somatic symptoms, especially pain, have a significant weight in the chief complaints of depressed patients. Physicians need to pay particular attention to this important issue in order to better understand these patients. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3642941/

Comparative analysis of suicide, accidental, and undetermined cause of death classification.

Suicide determination is not standardized across medical examiners, and many suspected suicides are later classified as accidental or undetermined. The present study investigated patterns between these three groups using a medical examiner database and 633 structured interviews with next of kin. There were similarities across all three classification groups, including rates of mental illness and […]