Posttraumatic stress disorder, suicide, and unintended overdose death in later life: A national cohort study of veterans aged 50 and older

Background/objectives: Although studies have shown posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) associated with risk of suicide, the relationship in later life, especially for overdose death, remains unclear. Thus, the aim of the current study was to determine associations between PTSD, suicide, and unintended overdose death in mid- to late-life. Methods: A nationwide cohort study integrating Department of Veterans Affairs’ […]

Warning signs of elderly suicide and factors affecting professional help-seeking: Care of Sri Lanka

Though the suicide rate is remarkably high among older persons in many countries, seeking external assistance in dealing with suicidality is infrequent. Against this background, the objectives of this paper are twofold: to identify possible depressive signs and suicide warnings exhibited by older people before the act of suicide, and to examine the factors affecting […]

Understanding past experiences of suicidal ideation and behavior in the life narratives of transgender older adults

Transgender people (collectively referred to here as trans) experience disproportionate rates of suicidal ideation and behavior (plans and attempts) attributed to complex constellations of structural and individual factors. Interpretive methods in suicide research elucidate and contextualize intricate patterns of risk factors and strategies for recovery. The life narratives of trans older adults offer unique insights […]

The applicability of the interpersonal–psychological theory of suicide among community-dwelling older persons

Introduction This study examined the application of the interpersonal–psychological theory of suicide to community-dwelling older persons in South Korea. Methods A cross-sectional study design was used. The data were collected by surveying 200 older persons (117 female, 83 male) aged over 65 years at welfare centers for older persons. The Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire, the Suicidal Ideation […]

Social network subtypes among socially disconnected older adults at risk for suicide: A latent class analysis

Objectives We sought to characterize the social networks of older adults who report feeling lonely or like a burden on others, psychological states that are associated with risk for suicide according to the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide. Methods We used a latent class analysis to identify distinct groups of older adults based on social network […]

Vulnerability as determinant of suicide among older people in Northern Indian states

Older people are confronted with a myriad of challenges throughout the course of their lives in the present society. One of these is the issue of suicidal behaviour among people of older age. This article understands the nature and examines the cause of mortality due to suicide among older people in later life. The author […]

The experiences of adults bereaved by the suicide of a close elderly relative: A qualitative pilot study

Suicide in older persons is a serious issue in many countries. The act of intentionally causing one’s own death is often associated with lack of social support, thwarted belongingness, or chronic interpersonal difficulties. Therefore, suicide has a significant interpersonal dimension that can influence those left behind. However, studies that have investigated the impact of older […]

Understanding the reasons for suicide among older adults in rural China using in-depth interviews

Background: Suicide is a complex public health problem. Suicide rates are higher in rural areas than in urban areas and among older adults than any other age group in China. Aims: This study aimed to acquire a comprehensive understanding of rural older adults’ reasons for suicide through qualitative exploration and to provide additional insights for suicide prevention work. Method: In-depth […]

Suicide attempt aftercare in geriatric patients: A pilot project

Hospitalized patients after suicide attempts gave informed consent to a postvention project after discharge. A continuous caregiver contacted the subjects monthly by phone for a period of 1 year. In case of significant worsening and reoccurrence of suicidal ideations, immediate re-admission was possible. Ten subjects 65 years and older and hospitalized because of suicide attempts were […]

A qualitative analysis of suicide notes to understand suicidality in older adults

Objective Suicide is a complex multifactorial process influenced by a variety of biological, psychological, and social stressors. Many older adults face a characteristic set of challenges that predispose them to suicidal ideation, suicide-related behavior, and death by suicide. This study explored the subjective experience of suicidality through the analysis of suicide notes from older adults. […]

Inpatient suicides in late life: A retrospective analysis of a hospital group with nine psychiatric clinics

Objective Inpatient suicides are rare incidents; however, the impacts of such events on associated families and hospital staff are severe. Therefore, preventive strategies need to focus on risk factors. Clinical management in a hospital setting must integrate the home environment and social life of patients. Nevertheless, home leaves require careful preparation. Methods Suicides were reported […]

Diversify your emotional assets: The association between the variety of sources of emotional support and thoughts of death or self-harm among US older adults

Using data from a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling older adults (age ≥ ≥ 65) (NHANES: n = 3,114), we examined the association between the variety in sources of emotional support and thoughts of death or self-harm in the past two weeks among US older adults and if such association is modified by gender and race/ethnicity. Overall, an additional category of […]

The development of an online training tool for crisis supporters on late life suicide: Improving knowledge while promoting empowerment

Telephone crisis services have an increasing role in suicide prevention yet existing interventions have not empowered crisis supporters with adequate education targeting the needs of older people in crisis. An existing educational intervention was adapted for crisis supporters through collaboration between a crisis support service, clinician researchers, and an eLearning technology company. Empowering crisis supporters, […]

Zolpidem as a high risk factor for elderly suicide in South Korea

Backgrounds South Korea, a nation with rapidly aging population, has the highest suicide rates in the world, and the elderly have a suicide rate three times higher than the national average. We classified the drugs ingested for suicide attempts by age groups and compare the clinical outcomes between non-elderly and elderly patients who attempted suicide […]

Increased suicide risk among older white males

Purpose of Review As one of the leading causes of death worldwide, suicide has become an important public health concern. Several studies have evaluated key demographic factors such as age, gender, and race as increased risk factors for suicide. The goal of this review is to highlight elderly white males as a unique population at […]

Work expectations, depressive symptoms, and passive suicidal ideation among older adults: Evidence from the health and retirement study

Background and objectives: Employment and work transitions (e.g., retirement) influence mental health. However, how psychosocial contexts such as anticipation and uncertainty about work transitions, irrespective of the transitions themselves, relate to mental health is unclear. This study examined the relationships of work expectations with depressive symptoms, major depression episodes (MDE), and passive suicidal ideation over a […]

Suicidal vulnerability in older adults and the elderly: Study based on risk variables

Background: Predicting suicidal vulnerability based on previous risk factors remains a challenge for mental health professionals, especially in specific subpopulations. Aims: This study aimed to use structural equation modelling to assess which sociodemographic and clinical variables are most predictive and modulating of repeated self-injury or reattempts at suicide in older adults and the elderly with […]

Safety planning to manage suicide risk with older adults: Case examples and recommendations

Adults age 65 and older have high rates of suicide, despite recent efforts to reduce the suicide rate in this population. One suicide prevention strategy with burgeoning empirical support is safety planning; however, there is a lack of information and resources on safety planning for older adults to support uptake of this evidence-based practice in […]

Experiences of everyday ageism and the health of older US adults

Importance  Major incidents of ageism have been shown to be associated with poorer health and well-being among older adults. Less is known about routine types of age-based discrimination, prejudice, and stereotyping that older adults encounter in their day-to-day lives, known as everyday ageism. Objective  To examine the prevalence of everyday ageism, group differences and disparities, and associations […]

Trends and factors associated with suicide deaths in older adults in Ontario, Canada

Background: Suicide in older adults is a significant overlooked problem worldwide. This is especially true in Canada where a national suicide prevention strategy has not been established. Methods: Using linked health-care administrative databases, this population-level study (2011 to 2015) described the incidence of older adult suicide (aged 65+), and identified clinical and socio-demographic factors associated […]

Suicidal vulnerability in older adults and the elderly: Study based on risk variables

Background: Predicting suicidal vulnerability based on previous risk factors remains a challenge for mental health professionals, especially in specific subpopulations. Aims: This study aimed to use structural equation modelling to assess which sociodemographic and clinical variables are most predictive and modulating of repeated self-injury or reattempts at suicide in older adults and the elderly with […]

Understanding the context of suicides by older men compared with younger old men and women: An exploration of coronial data in Victoria, Australia

Background: The rate of suicide among men aged 85 years or older is the highest of any age or gender group in many countries, but little is known about their pathways to suicide. Aims: This study aimed to determine the context of suicide by men aged 85 years or older. Method: Data were extracted from the Victorian Suicide Register regarding […]

Mental health and substance use during COVID-19: Summary report 4 spotlight on youth, older adults & stigma

Significant mental health and substance use concerns continued into early summer 2021 with little change since October 2020. • Youth (aged 16 to 24 years) were most likely to report mental health and substance use concerns and less ability to handle pandemic stress. • Almost 45% of youth reported moderate to severe anxiety symptoms. • […]