Societal and environmental factors impacting on mental health and suicide among learners in Nigeria

This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the societal and environmental factors that influence mental health and suicide among learners in Nigeria. It examines the complex interplay between social and environmental elements by presenting a clear perspective on the challenges faced by learners and thereafter offers recommendations for addressing these issues effectively. Drawing from existing […]

Nigerian newspapers coverage of suicide: Assessment of adherence to WHO suicide reporting guidelines

Context: Despite an increase in research evidence on media compliance with suicide reporting guidelines globally, evidence from Nigeria seems to be relatively limited. Aim: This study assessed the prevalence of World Health Organization (WHO) helpful/harmful suicide reporting cues in suicide stories reported by Nigerian newspapers in 2021. Setting and Design: The setting is the entire […]

Prevalence of suicidal behavioural experiences in the university: Implications for childhood development

Introduction: This study surveyed the prevalence of suicidal behavior in a higher education setting. Two particular purposes, two research questions, and two null hypotheses were used to steer this study in order to achieve the objectives. This descriptive design made use of the University of Nigeria Nsukka’s student demographics. Methods: A total of 100 students […]

Psychological factors as predictors of suicide actions among undergraduates in Ekiti State, Nigeria

The study examined the Psychological factors as predictors of suicide actions among undergraduates in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. Two hundred (200) samples of engineering students of Federal University Oye-Ekiti were randomly selected. Data were collected from primary sources. The framing theory was applied by using different suicide reports on […]

Depression and suicidality among adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus in Lagos, Nigeria

Background Nigeria is considered to have the second highest number of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) worldwide with a national HIV infection prevalence of 5.2% in children and adolescents. Adolescents with HIV-infection have been reported to be more prone to developing comorbid emotional difficulties including depression and suicidality compared to those without HIV-infection. […]

Frequency of suicide attempts and attitudes toward suicidal behaviour among doctors and nurses in Lagos, Nigeria

Background:┬áCompetence and attitudes toward suicidal behaviour affect practice. These attitudes may influence the consideration of suicide during personal crisis among doctors and nurses. Aim:┬áThe attitudes of doctors and nurses towards suicidal behaviour was assessed using the Attitudes Toward Suicide Scale (ATTS), which was validated in another study by the authors, evaluated for the possible factors […]

Channeling the right path-to-care: Improving religious leaders’ knowledge and beliefs about suicide prevention in south west Nigeria

Background In African societies, the path-to-care that the ill and their relatives seek via consultation of traditional and religious healers is related to the concept of the causation, nature and origin of mental illness. There is a shortage of mental health personnel and facilities in Nigeria; hence, alternative healthcare providers such as Religious Leaders are […]

Parental mental disorders and suicidal behavior in the Nigerian survey of mental health and well-being.

The objective of this study was to determine which parental mental disorders predict offspring suicidal behavior in a general adult population sample of a sub-Saharan African country. The World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview, version 3 was used to assess respondents’ suicidal behaviors as well as psychopathology in their parents. The effects of parental […]

Suicide Attempts in a Nigerian Military Setting

The characteristics of patients who attempted suicide in a military setting are described & the differences between the attempters & a group of non-suicidal, affective disorder patients are examined. 51 consecutive cases of suicide attempt were compared with a control group with no history of attempted suicide. 60.8% of attempters were under the age of […]

Drugs and Suicide Attempt in Benin City (Nigeria) From 1991 to 2000

The incidence of suicide attempt in Benin City was determined & the agents (particularly drugs) commonly used, & risk factors for suicide attempts were identified. Records of patients seen for suicide attempts between 1991-2000 were collected. 111 cases were identified. The crude suicide attempt rate was 2.5 per 100,000. The female to male ratio was […]

Prevalence and Correlates of Suicidal Behaviour Among Adolescents in Southwest Nigeria

This study sought to establish the prevalence & associated psychosocial correlates of suicide ideation & attempts in Nigerian youth. Stratified sampling was used to identify youth aged 10-17 years who completed the Nigerian version of the Global School Health Questionnaire & the Diagnostic Predictive Scale. A total of 1429 youths participated. Over 20% reported suicide […]

‘Death is Preferable to Ignominy’: Politically Motivated Suicide, Social Honor and Chieftaincy Politics in Early Colonial Ibadan

Most modern theories do not emphasize the idea of heroic suicide. The high profile, politically motivated suicides in early colonial Ibadan (Nigeria) discussed in this paper epitomize this type of suicide. It is suggested the key to understanding these cases is to be found not only in the people’s multilayered past – the general Yoruba […]

Euthanasia: Another Face of Murder

This article considers euthanasia from the medical, legal, & global perspectives & discusses the crime of murder in relation to euthanasia, taking into consideration the issue of consent in the law of crime. The author concludes that in the midst of the debate on euthanasia & murder, the important thing is that different countries need […]

Prospective Study of Coroner’s Autopsies in Benin City, Nigeria

A prospective study of 762 cases of coroner’s autopsies carried out over a period of 2 years (1 January 1996 to 31 December 1997) was reviewed. The causes & circumstances of death are defined & classified into natural & unnatural deaths. Suicides are accounted for. (18 refs)

Barreness and Suicide in Elderly Women

A Comparative Study of Alcoholic Patients in Jos, Nigeria and in Castrop-Rauxel, Germany

The incidence of alcoholism & 175 associated psychopathological disorders was compared between 100 neuropsychiatric patients in Germany & 101 psychiatric & medical patients in Nigeria. Depressive psychosis & suicidal ideation was seen in 17.8% of cases in Jos (Nigeria) & in 5.0% of cases in Castrop-Rauxel (Germany). The pattern of alcoholism in Jos was associated […]

The Present State of Suicide Prevention: An International Survey – 1979

Presents a summary of replies received in response to an international survey as to the state of suicide prevention in 1979.

Mortality in a Psychiatric Population: A Nigerian Psychiatric Hospital Experience

The Epidemiology of Deliberate Self-Harm: The Ibadan Experience

In a 6-month prospective study involving three main general hospitals in Ibadan, Nigeria, 39 cases of deliberate self-harm were reported out a total of 23,859 subjects. 76.9% of these people were under the age of 30. The male to female ratio was 1.4 to 1, 51.3% were students & 25.6% were manual workers. The methods […]

Some Patterns of Suicide & Parasuicide in Africa

This summary looks at patterns of suicide in the 5 major geographic areas of Africa represented by Egypt, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Zambia & South Africa. Evidence indicates a relatively low rate of suicide & attempted suicide in comparison with non-Africans & Africans elsewhere. There appears to be a gradual change from hanging to chemicals as a […]

Suicidal Behavior Among Black Communities in Three Countries

This paper reports a study of consecutive cases of attempted suicide seen in the University Teaching Hospital in Lagos, Nigeria. Findings are compared with earlier observations of Black Americans in Newark, New Jersey & of subjects in Papua, New Guinea. Detailed results are given. (LH)

Suicide Attempts Among Nigerians: The Use of Chemicals and Psychotropic Drugs

The authors present findings from a 6-month prospective study of 39 cases of attempted suicide in the city of Ibadan, Nigeria (1984-5). Most were below the age of 34. Male to female ratio was 1.4:1, students accounting for the largest occupational group. Chemicals & psychotrophic drugs were the common methods used, especially among those with […]

Acute Poisoning in the Emergency Room

Reviews 146 cases of acute poisoning seen & treated by the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, between 1979-82. Barbiturates (19%) & benzodiazepines (17%) were the commonest drugs used in acute poisoning. The highest incidence (41%) was found among persons aged 18-25 years. There were 67 males & 79 females. 14% took a ‘cocktail’ of more […]