This report summarises the outcomes of a scoping project exploring the possibility of gathering and sharing ‘nuggets of gold’ – that is, stories from those with lived experience of suicide attempt. The ‘nuggets of gold’ project came about after members of the Suicide Mortality Review Committee identified a gap in knowledge in Aotearoa New Zealand […]
Background: Alcohol use disorder is associated with increased suicide risk; however, both alcohol use disorder and suicide share risk factors which must be accounted for in order to understand this relationship. This study aimed to explore the longitudinal relationship between alcohol use disorder and suicidal ideation in adulthood, while accounting for both child background and […]
Critical elements for successful implementation of community-based suicide prevention initiatives for Pacific Island people in Aotearoa New Zealand
This exploratory study set out to identify the critical elements to successfully implement community-based suicide prevention initiatives, within Pacific Island communities in Aotearoa New Zealand. Data was gathered from 17 community-based suicide prevention initiatives, led by and for Pacific Island people, over 24 months. The initiatives were funded by a national not-for-profit organisation, Le Va, […]
Strengthening community-based suicide prevention initiatives for Pacific Islands people in Aotearoa New Zealand
This paper describes 17 community-based suicide prevention initiatives for Pacific Islands people living in Aotearoa New Zealand, and a brief summary of their extensive reach and results. The initiatives underwent a one-off contestable fund administered by Le Va as part of the Waka Hourua: National Māori and Pasifika Suicide Prevention Programme. The purpose of the […]
Background: Periodically, a debate around suicide reporting becomes prominent in the media. At one point, the Chief Coroner of New Zealand made a public call to the media to open up discussions around suicide and its reporting. Following this action, a high-profile debate emerged in the media. Aims: Our aim was to identify the key players in this […]
The power of hope for Maori youth suicide prevention: Preliminary themes from the Aotearoa/New Zealand HOPE studies
Hope is considered a protective factor for suicide prevention in Māori communities. In this small study, twenty-one Māori youth in four at risk communities participated in a digital media project on the constituents of HOPE. The preliminary results show that a positive relationship with peers and family is critical for the maintenance of hope in […]
Trends in social support experienced by Pacific men and women in New Zealand over the adult lifespan: An age-based Latent Growth Model
Introduction: Our study investigated the development of social support experienced by Pacific men and women across the adult lifespan in New Zealand (18 to 65 years of age). Methods: We examined differences in social support using data from the first six annual waves of the New Zealand A ttitudes and Values Study (N = 501 […]
Media guidelines: Portrayal of people living with mental illness and mental health issues in Aotearoa
These guidelines will equip journalists with the confidence and understanding to report on mental illness and mental health issues safely, accurately and respectfully. One in five Kiwis will experience a mental health problem this year, and more than half of us will go through distress or mental illness at some point in our lives.
Supporting the bereavement needs of Pacific communities in New Zealand following a suicide: A survey of service providers
On average, at least 60 people are directly impacted by a suicide death (i.e. family, friends, colleagues, school peers). As a result, in most cases, there is a lack of support for the suicide bereaved, mental health issues are intensified, there is increased suicide risk, a strain upon family relationships, there are poor coping skills, […]
Our Pasifika media can play a key role in leading safe messaging in reporting suicide to our Pasifika communities. Suicide prevention is complex and challenging, and no single initiative or organisation can prevent suicide on its own. That’s why these Pasifika media guidelines for reporting suicide are part of Le Va’s multi-faceted national Pasifika suicide […]
Taiohi/young people know suicide is a big issue in Aotearoa, and they know that it affects all of us in some way. They may come across it through the media; they may know someone who has died by suicide or be supporting a friend who is feeling suicidal. They may have had thoughts of suicide […]
Deliberate self-harm (DSH) has been conceptualised as indicative of mental illness, on a continuum ending with suicide. Recently our understanding of DSH has become more nuanced, with distinctions made between suicidal behaviour and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Indeed, there is some evidence that NSSI may be consciously countersuicidal. Moreover, NSSI appears to have recently increased markedly […]
The assessment and management of people at risk of suicide: Best practice evidence-based guideline for emergency departments and mental health service acute assessment settings.
The purpose of these guidelines is to guide those working in emergency departments and in acute psychiatric services in the appropriate assessment and early management of suicidal people. They complement the related primary mental health guidelines for use in general practice,8 schools,9 and also the Guidelines for Clinical Risk Assessment and Management in Mental Health Services […]
In late August, 2017 the Chief Coroner released a sombre statistic – 606 people in New Zealand died by suicide in the past 12 months; an increase for the third consecutive year and almost double the road toll.1 Age-standardised rates by ethnicity reveal that Māori die by suicide at approximately twice the rate of non-Māori.2 Young people […]
New Zealand has the second highest youth suicide rate in the OECD and particularly among Pacific New Zealanders, who have a threefold higher risk of suicide attempt compared with the general population. Aims: Protective and risk factors for suicide attempts among New Zealand Pacific adolescents were assessed using data from Youth’12, an adolescent health and […]
Media reporting can impact negatively or positively on suicidal behaviour. Specific reporting methods such as the use of sensationalism can influence suicidal behaviour. This paper presents the findings from a study that aimed to provide an in-depth examination of New Zealand mainstream news items in which websites played a role in suicide. We used framing […]
A systematic review of suicide prevention interventions targeting indigenous peoples in Australia, United States, Canada and New Zealand.
The effectiveness of SPARX, computerised self help intervention for adolescents seeking help for depression: randomised controlled non-inferiority trial.
Risk and protective factors for suicide attempt among indigenous Maori youth in New Zealand: the role of family connection.
Overview Indigenous youth around the world are at greater risk for suicide and suicide attempts compared to their peers. Among First Nations youth in Canada, suicide rates are five to six times higher than among non-Aboriginal youth. In New Zealand, suicide rates are about twice as high in Maori vs. non-Mori youth. There is limited […]
The purpose of this Suicide Prevention Action Plan is to address the goals & outcomes of the New Zealand Suicide Prevention Strategy, through the development of community & organisational-level interventions. The Plan is based on the specific issues, needs, & capacity of the Otago community. The goals of the Action Plan are to: improve the […]
Evaluation of the NZGG Self-Harm and Suicide Prevention Collaborative Whakawhanaungatanga (Phase 2) Evaluation: Final Report
This report presents findings from a process & impact evaluation of Phase 2 of the New Zealand Guidelines Group’s Self-Harm and Suicide Prevention Collaborative – Whakawhanaungatanga. The collaborative is designed to improve crisis care in emergency departments, Maori health, Maori mental health, & mental health services in ways that recognize local situations, people, & resources, […]
A theoretical case study & analysis of contemporary suicide among Maori youth is presented. In a traditional Maori conceptulization, individual well-being is sourced & tied to the well-being of the collective cultural identity. Individual pain is inseparable from collective pain & the role of the collective becomes that of carrying individuals who are suffering. The […]
This needs analysis involved collecting quantitative data on suicide & self-harm in Otago; information & recommednations from previous suicide prevention projects; consultation with community groups & stakeholders; & a stocktake of current initiatives in Otago relevant to the goals of the New Zealand Suicide Prevention Strategy. Relevant suicide prevention literature is also summarized. Recommendations are […]