Suicide Genes Floating in a Glass of Sparkling Wine

This commentary examines the genetics behind suicidal behavior. The phenotype is defined, followed by a brief discussion of 2 employable genetic methods: positional cloning & the more classical approach involving candidate genes. The authors explain the polygenetic, multifactorial model of suicidal genetics & address the interaction of genes & the environment. They also list possible[…]

Influencing Personal and Environmental Conditions for Community Health: a Multilevel Intervention Model

This article discusses the importance to community health of both personal & environmental conditions. A multilevel intervention model for practical use in influencing both conditions is described. The model has 4 phases: health goals selection, intervention planning, intervention, & evaluation. 3 health problems are used to illustrate how the model can be used: hypertension, coronary[…]

Deliberate Self-Harm Among Adolescents in Residential Treatment Centres

The purpose of this study was to examine differences between a group of adolescents who had made acts of deliberate self-harm (DSH) from those who did not. 40 subjects were residents of 2 adolescent care centres for emotionally disturbed &/or deliquent youths. Each group of 20 was subjected to several standardized personality, psychological, & cognitive[…]

Assessment of Suicide Risk

K. Hawton presents an overview of suicidal assessment, initially addressing the problems in determining risk, & then proceeding to an examination of the risk of suicide for those with psychiatric disorders & for particular clinical populations, both hospitalized patients & suicide attempters. Various research findings that can assist the clinician in making a decision about[…]

Depression and Suicidality in Eating Disorders

The first 95 patients admitted to an inpatient eating disorders program & diagnosed as having bulimia, bulimarexia & anorexia nervosa were evaluated for depression, suicidality & family history. Major depression was found in 80% of patients; 20% had made suicide attempts in their life; & 40% of those attempting suicide made potentially lethal attempts. Findings[…]

Arthur Koestler: Was His Suicide Rational?

The suicide of Arthur Koestler & his wife in 1983 added to the debate on whether or not suicide may be an appropriate & rational form of death. An examination of his extensive autobiographical works indicates that suicidal thoughts, & indeed acts, played a not insignificant role in his life, & this coupled with a[…]

Purpose in Life and Family Adjustment as Related to Adolescent Constructive-Destructive Behavior (Micro HQ 796 H36 1979)

This study supports Fromm’s theory that different patterns of family relationships are related to purpose in life in constructive & destructive behavior. Subjects were selected from the upper & lower 27% of a population of 439 high school juniors, creating a constructive & a destructive group of 107 students each. The PIL & kFAT were[…]

Prevention of Adolescent Suicide Among Some Native American Tribes

Suicide rates among Native Americans vary from tribe to tribe & therefore no distinct pattern of suicide emerges among this population. There are, however, certain common risk factors involving family problems, loss, separation, alcoholism & criminality that have been validated by case studies. Effective prevention strategies depend upon early recognition of high risk infants, children[…]

Clinical Contribution to the Problem of the Early Mother-Child Relationship: Some Discussion of its Influence on Self-destructive Tendencies & Fugue States

The author presents 3 case histories of patients with self-destructive tendencies. In each case, psychoanalysis focussing on early mother-child relationships elicited ideas & fantasies centering around self-destruction. Unconscious factors, Fugue states, & regression are discussed in this context. 21 ref. (NBB)

Suicide Among Native Americans

Although self-destructive behaviour is a major problem for some North American Indian tribes, it is not a universal problem. The more traditional tribes, with strong religious & governmental leaders, & intact extended family systems have fewer mental health problems & fewer suicides. Dr. Berlin provides statistics on suicide among differing populations & in particular, among[…]