Multivariate dynamic relationships among suicide attempts, anxiety and/or depressive symptoms, hope, and help-seeking were examined across time in Native Hawaiian and non-Hawaiian adolescents, using data from a 5-year longitudinal cohort study (N = 7,317). The rate of suicide attempts decreased over time, but this reduction was significantly less among Native Hawaiian youth than their non-Hawaiian peers. There […]
Analysis of geographical patterns of suicide and psychiatric morbidity has demonstrated the impact of latent ecological variables (such as deprivation, rurality). Such latent variables may be derived by conventional multivariate techniques from sets of observed indices (for example, by principal components), by composite variable methods or by methods which explicitly consider the spatial framework of […]
Suicide rates are higher at high altitudes; some hypothesize that hypoxia is the cause.
“Let me count the ways:” Fostering reasons for living among low-income, suicidal African American women.
Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/51525541_Let_me_Count_the_Ways_Fostering_Reasons_for_Living_Among_Low-Income_Suicidal_African_American_Women
Evidence is mixed regarding an independent association between anxiety and suicidality in youth. Study 1 examined suicidal ideation in treatment-referred, anxiety-disordered youth (N = 312, aged 7Ð17). Forty-one percent of anxiety-disordered youth endorsed suicidal ideation. Anxiety disorder severity, global impairment, and current depressive symptoms predicted suicidal ideation in a multivariate model. Study 2 compared youth […]
A cross-sectional survey of prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among prisoners in New South Wales, Australia.
Suicidal ideation and attempts are highly prevalent among prisoners compared to the general community. Assessment of suicide risk is a critical task for mental health clinicians in prisons. Attention should be given to ensuring assessments are gender- and culturally sensitive. Indicators of mental illness may not be accurate predictors of suicide attempt. Indicators of childhood […]
Suicide attempts and related factors in patients admitted to a general hospital: a ten-year cross-sectional study (1997-2007)
Using Data Mining to Explore Complex Clinical Decisions: a Study of Hospitalization After a Suicide Attempt
This study reanalyzed, using data mining techniques, a published study of variables that predicted psychiatrists’ decisions to hospitalize in 509 cases of adult suicide attempters who were assessed in a Spanish emergency department. 5 analyses done by psychiatric researchers using traditional statistical techniques classified 72%-88% of patients correctly. The model developed by researchers with no […]
Suicide in the 18 Years After Deliberate Self-Harm: a Prospective Study (IN: Suicide Prevention: The Global Context. Proceedings of the 19th Congress of the IASP, March 1997, ed. by R J Kosky et al)
Long-term follow up studies of deliberate self harm (DSH) are one method of improving suicide predictability & clinical management. Data was collected from a suburb of Sidney, Australia, each time a patient with DSH was assessed. A progressive increase in the cumulative portion of suicide over 18 years was found. Teenage males who overdose on […]
Predicting Suicide Risk Among Young Suicide Attempters (IN: Suicide Prevention: The Global Context. Proceedings of the 19th Congress of the IASP, March 1997, ed. by R J Kosky et al)
This study sought to determine attempters who are at high risk to complete suicide. A study from Victoria, Australia was used to compare 148 completed youth suicides with 105 hospitalized attempters & 101 non-hospitalized attempters. Findings indicate that those who complete suicide used more violent methods than both groups of attempters. Multivariate analysis was carried […]
Past work on occupational groups has found higher suicide rates among manual workers than nonmanual workers. It is not clear if this is due to occupational strains or the covariates of manual worker status, e.g. gender & marital strain. This study explores suicide risk among carpenters. Once controls are introduced, carpenters are only 1.15 times […]
Epidemiological reports often contend that the physician suicide rate is no higher than that of white males in America. The low risk of divorce among physicians has been neglected as a possible suppressor effect in this work. This paper addresses this question using data from 143,885 deaths. The results indicate that when controls are introduced […]
Inequality, Economic Development and Lethal Violence: a Cross-National Analysis of Suicide and Homicide
This paper explores the relationships of inequality & economic development to suicide in a sample of 31 nations using both an approach which links homicide & suicide as 2 currents in a single stream of lethal violence & an approach which treats these events separately. Controlling for inequality, development is unrelated to total violence, curvilinearly […]
Adolescents’ self-perceived need for health-related services, instruction & environmental challenges were investigated. Differences were observed between students classed as high & lower risks for suicide, & between minority & majority adolescents. Needs in the area of counselling services, sexuality services & interpersonal relationships were priorities for high risk minority students. Suicide counselling was included as […]
This study identifies the correlates of current suicide ideation & past suicide attempts among 555 adolescents in a juvenile detention centre. Suicidal behavior in boys was associated with depression & social isolation, whereas suicidal behaviour in girls was associated with impulsivity & instability. Past attempts were associated with ideation & ineffective coping for males, with […]
This article describes analyses of mortality after bereavement based on a national random sample of 503 elderly people widowed in 1979. This analyses builds on earlier analyses at 5 & 6 years after bereavement. Over the 13.5-year period analyzed, 62% of the sample had died. Although earlier analyses had indicated excess mortality in the first […]
A survey to estimate the prevalence of sexual, assaultive & suicidal behaviours was administered to 3,738 predominantly Hispanic & African-American junior high students in New York. 10% of males & 19% of females reported suicide ideation or attempts. The primary risk factor for suicidal behaviour was depressive symptoms. Involvement in sexual & assaultive behaviours substantially […]