Multiple attempt suicide survivors: A constant comparative analysis

Suicide is the most serious mental health crisis, being the second leading cause of death after accidents in those under the age of 34. As a secondary analysis of a grounded theory study, unlike studies previous, this constant comparative analysis seeks to assess differences in those who attempt suicide multiple times versus those who merely […]

Patients with first versus multiple episodes of self‑harm: How do their profiles differ?

Background Self-harm (SH) is among the strongest predictors of further episodes of SH, suicide attempt, and death by suicide. People who repeteadly harm themselves are at even higher risk for suicide. Factors influencing the repetition are important to identify when assessing suicidal risk and thereafter to offer specific interventions. Therefore, this study aimed to compare […]

Characteristics of single vs. multiple suicide attempters among adolescents: A systematic review and meta‑analysis

There might be differential characteristics between those who have attempted suicide once in their lifetime (single attempters) and those who have attempted suicide two or more times (multiple attempters). We aimed to identify the factors that differentiate single and multiple attempters in child and adolescents. This study was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for […]

Implementations of an evidence‐based assertive case management intervention for suicide attempters: Post‐ACTION‐J Study (PACS)

Aim An assertive case management intervention program, ACTION-J, proved effective for preventing suicide attempters from reattempting suicide within 6 months. The ACTION-J randomized trial was conducted as part of the “National Strategic Research Projects.” The program has been covered by the national medical payment system of Japan since 2016. The aim of the Post-ACTION-J Study […]

The predictors of suicidality in previous suicide attempters following case management services

Suicide attempts constitute a serious clinical problem. People who have attempted suicide are at an elevated risk for additional suicide attempts, but there is limited evidence regarding the predictors of suicidality of suicide attempters following case management services. In the present study the indicators of suicidality after case management were examined. A total of 1,056 […]

A nation-wide evidence-based data analysis of repeated suicide attempts

Background: Taiwan is a high-risk area for suicide. Repeated suicide attempts are an important factor of suicide mortality. Yet there has been little research on the factors associated with repeated suicidal behavior in Taiwan. Aims: To explore the characteristics of repeated suicide attempts. Methods: Data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database for 2005 to 2008. […]

Alcohol and repeated deliberate self-harm: Preliminary results of the French cohort study of risk for repeated incomplete suicides

Background: Repeated episode(s) of deliberate self-harm (RDSH) is a major risk factor for suicide. Aims: To identify specific risk factors for RDSH among patients admitted following an episode of deliberate self-harm (DSH) through acute intoxication. Methods: A prospective 6-month study was conducted with 184 patients (71% female) admitted to the emergency room (ER) as a result of self-poisoning […]

A study of deliberate self-harm and its repetition among patients presenting to an emergency department

Background: Marked differences have been found in the characteristics of people dying by suicide in Western and Asian countries. However, there is less information available on possible differences for deliberate self-harm (DSH). Aims: To compare the characteristics of people presenting to hospital in Hong Kong and Oxford (UK) with DSH, and to assess the outcome of those […]

Repetition of suicide attempts: Data from emergency care settings in five culturally different low- and middle-income countries participating in the WHO SUPRE-MISS Study

Background: Attempted suicide is a strong risk factor for subsequent suicidal behaviors. Innovative strategies to deal with people who have attempted suicide are needed, particularly in resource-poor settings. Aims: To evaluate a brief educational intervention and periodic follow-up contacts (BIC) for suicide attempters in five culturally different sites (Campinas, Brazil; Chennai, India; Colombo, Sri Lanka; Karaj, Islamic […]

Surveillance of hospital-presenting intentional self-harm in Western Sydney, Australia, during the implementation of a new self-harm reporting field

Background: Hospital-presenting self-harm is a strong predictor of suicide and has substantial human and health service costs. Aims: We aimed to identify changes in case ascertainment after implementation of a new self-harm reporting field at a tertiary hospital in New South Wales, and to report event rates, demographic, and clinical characteristics. Method: Self-harm events presenting to the emergency department (October […]

Effectiveness of psychotherapy on prevention of suicidal re-attempts in psychiatric emergencies: A systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Objectives: We conducted a systematic review and network meta-analysis to evaluate the relative effects of psychological interventions for preventing suicide re-attempts in psychiatric emergencies. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and PsycINFO from inception to December 1, 2022. Selection and data extraction were conducted independently by two reviewers based on prespecified criteria. We evaluated the efficacy of […]

A one-year follow-up study of treatment-compliant suicide attempt survivors: relationship of CYP2D6-CYP2C19 and polypharmacy with suicide reattempts

This study of a cohort of 1-year treatment-compliant survivors of a suicide attempt examined for the first time whether a high CYP2D6-CYP2C19 metabolic capacity (pharmacogenes related to psychopathology, suicide, and attempt severity) and/or polypharmacy treatments predicted repeat suicide attempts, adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical factors as confounders. Of the 461 (63% women) consecutively hospitalized patients who attempted […]

Surviving suicide: The realities faced by suicide survivors

Suicide survivors are oftentimes overlooked within the scope of suicide studies, however, it is just as crucial to gain a better understanding of the transition from suicide ideation, to long-term recovery, and in that vein, this study will attempt to examine these transitional thought processes utilizing IPA. In-depth interviews of 19 Malaysian survivors of suicide, […]

Risk of suicide attempt repetition after an index attempt: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Objectives To estimate the risk of suicide attempt repetition among individuals with an index attempt. It also aims to study the role of risk factors and prevention programme in repetition. Methods This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted in keeping with the PRISMA 2020 guidelines. Studies on attempt repetition (both cohort studies and intervention studies) […]

The association between reattempted suicide and incoming calls to the brief contact intervention service, VigilanS: A study of the clinical profile of callers

Background Suicide is a major health problem globally. As attempted suicide is a major risk factor for suicide, specific prevention strategies have been designed for use thereafter. An example is the brief contact intervention (BCI). In this regard, France employs a composite BCI, VigilanS, which utilizes three types of contact: phone calls, postcards and a […]

Healing from recurrent suicide attempts: The impact of being a peer facilitator

This paper presents findings of a phenomenological study entitled: Healing from Recurrent Suicide Attempts: The Impact of Being a Peer Facilitator. The study examined the impact of being a peer facilitator (PF) in the Skills for Safer Living: A Psychosocial/Psychoeducational Intervention for People with Recurrent Suicide Attempts (SfSL/PISA) group on the PFs’ healing journey. Using eight […]

Evaluation of an intensive suicide-reattempt-prevention programme based on problem-solving therapy in a catchment area of 430,000 people in Madrid, Spain

Background. Suicide prevention is a primary goal of mental health care, and a past history of suicide attempts is considered a high-risk factor for subsequent attempts. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive suicide-reattempt-prevention program (ISRPP) in a health catchment area of 430.000 inhabitants. Methods. A 12-month follow-up study was conducted with […]

Alexithymia in people with recurrent suicide attempts: A niche area for targeted treatment

Background: Alexithymia, an inability to identify or describe emotions, is associated with suicidality yet the correlation with single or repeated suicide attempts is less clear. Aims: We aimed to assess the modifiability of alexithymia following a group psychosocial intervention focused on improving emotional literacy in those with a history of recurrent suicide attempts (RSA). Method: A total of 169 participants […]

Serious suicide attempts and risk of suicide death: A case-control study in the US healthcare systems

Background: In the US, more than one million people attempt suicide each year. History of suicide attempt is a significant risk factor for death by suicide; however, there is a paucity of data from the US general population on this relationship. Aim: The objective of this study was to examine suicide attempts needing medical attention as a risk […]

Suicidal vulnerability in older adults and the elderly: Study based on risk variables

Background: Predicting suicidal vulnerability based on previous risk factors remains a challenge for mental health professionals, especially in specific subpopulations. Aims: This study aimed to use structural equation modelling to assess which sociodemographic and clinical variables are most predictive and modulating of repeated self-injury or reattempts at suicide in older adults and the elderly with […]

Aftercare and suicide reattempt prevention in Tehran, Iran: Outcome of 12-month randomized controlled study

Background: A previous suicide attempt is one of the strongest risk factors for subsequent suicide. Effective care following a suicide attempt may reduce the risk of suicide reattempts. Aims: We aimed to investigate the effect of a brief educational intervention and contact program on suicide reattempts. Method: This study was performed as a randomized clinical trial (RCT) recruiting 305 individuals who […]

Suicide reattempt in a population-wide brief contact intervention to prevent suicide attempts: The VigilanS program, France

Objective: Among the postcrisis suicide prevention programmes, brief contact interventions (BCIs) have been proven to be efficient. VigilanS generalizes to a whole French region a BCI combining resource cards, telephone calls, and sending postcards, according to a predefined algorithm. However, a major problem in suicide prevention is the suicide reattempt, which can lead to final suicide. […]

Predictors and incidence rate of suicide re-attempt among suicide attempters: A prospective study

Objective: Recent investigations and advances include improved understanding of trends, epidemiology, risk and protective factors on suicide. However, predictors of suicide re-attempt are poorly understood in a prospective design, at least in Iran. This prospective study was performed to investigate predictors and epidemiological aspects of suicide re-attempt during a 5-years of follow-up among Suicide Attempters (SAs). […]