Motivations for suicide attempts amongst psychiatric inpatients: Associations with risk factors and recent suicide attempt characteristics

Suicide is a major and preventable public health issue and research has identified several distal risk factors for determining individuals at risk for a suicide attempt. However, understanding imminent processes could enhance individualized safety plan formulations and interventions. Motivation for suicide attempt (MfSA) reflects why an individual engages in a specific attempt. Research indicates such motives can […]

Motivations for suicide: Converging evidence from clinical and community samples

Understanding what motivates suicidal behavior is critical to effective prevention and clinical intervention. The Inventory of Motivations for Suicide Attempts (IMSA) is a self-report measure developed to assess a wide variety of potential motivations for suicide. The purpose of this study is to examine the measure’s psychometric and descriptive properties in two distinct populations: 1) […]

Exploring suicide-related disclosure motivation and the impact on mechanisms linked to suicide

Suicide-related disclosure enables improved risk management but disclosure motivations are understudied. This study identified reasons for and against disclosing suicidal thoughts and examined their link to future disclosure and interpersonal needs among 44 people receiving psychiatric care. The most endorsed reasons for disclosure (approach-motivations) included help-seeking, shared background, and catharsis. The most endorsed reasons against […]

Public perceptions of self-harm: Perceived motivations of (and willingness to help in response to) adolescent self-harm

We investigated public perceptions of, and responses to, adolescent self-harm—an under-researched topic, given that the majority of self-harm in this group is not disclosed to formal support services. Participants (N = 355, aged 18–67 years) were presented with 1 of 10 vignettes and completed self-report measures assessing perceived motivations for self-harm and helping/rejecting responses. Vignettes were manipulated […]

The relationship between entrapment and suicidal behavior through the lens of the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior.

Highlights • This article reviews research into the relationship between entrapment and suicidal ideation and behavior. Findings are interpreted within the integrated motivational–volitional of suicidal behavior. There is robust evidence for the entrapment–suicidality relationship. More prospective studies of suicidal behavior are required. Future directions for research into entrapment and suicidal behavior are discussed.

Descriptive and psychometric properties of the Inventory of Motivations for Suicide Attempts (IMSA) in an inpatient adolescent sample.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

Assessing motivations for suicide attempts: development and psychometric properties of the inventory of motivations for suicide attempts.

This study describes the psychometric properties of the Inventory of Motivations for Suicide Attempts (IMSA). Findings suggest the IMSA can be of use for both research and clinical purposes when a comprehensive assessment of suicide motivations is desired. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at

Suicide proneness in college students: relationships with gender, procrastination, and achievement motivation.

This study examined the relationships between 2 academic dispositions (i.e., procrastination and achievement motivation) and 2 indices of suicidal proneness in college women and men. The degree these 2 academic dispositions could predict unique variance in suicide proneness scores, above and beyond the influence of depression and self-esteem was also examined for each gender. Participants […]

Suicide bulletin board systems comparison between Japan and Germany.

An online questionnaire (n = 301) was conducted to analyze the cross-cultural influence of the use of suicide bulletin board systems. Factor analysis demonstrated that participants had two types of motives: the constructive motive of mutual help and the destructive motive of suicide preparation. The results showed that suicidal thoughts did not worsen with suicide […]

An investigation of the motivations driving the online representation of self-injury: a thematic analysis.

he objective of the study was to identify a) the motivations for communicating about non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in a publicly accessible online forum, b) The significance (if any) of the “publicness” of the behavior. Using a Thematic Analysis of 423 text-based posts from an online NSSI forum, 5 motivations for using the site were identified: […]

Assessing and treating different suicidal states in a Danish outpatient sample.

Journal is held in the CSP Library.

Multidimensional future time perspective as moderators of the relationships between suicide motivation, preparation, and its predictors.

Journal is held in the CSP Library.

A Solution to Control Suicides Using Combined Overlap Block Fuzzy Cognitive Maps

The imperative reason for suicide was analyzed using Combined Overlap Block Fuzzy Cognitive Maps. This method becomes effective when a number of concepts can be grouped & are large in numbers. The first section of this paper gives information about the development of fuzzy cognitive maps, & the second section gives preliminaries of fuzzy cognitive […]

Cleopatra’s Corpse: Motivation for Cleopatra’s Suicide in the Ancient Texts

Horace, Plutarch, & Dio Cassius are the 3 main sources for Cleopatra. All used fairly harsh language against her before her suicide but softened their tone & portrayed her more appreciately once she decided to take her own life. This paper explores the possible explanations for this & the apparent contradiction it creates. Through close […]

Suicide, Slavery, and Memory in North America

This article widens the traditional scope of evidence to consider slave self-destruction from multiple perspectives & chronological moments & more effectively places suicide within the long history of North American slavery. The author focuses on what she terms slave suicide ecology: the emotional, psychological, & material conditions that fostered it. (46 notes) JA

Brief Report: Why Suicide? Perceptions of Suicidal Inpatients and Reflections of Clinical Researchers

The authors had a sample of 52 suicidal inpatients provide written responses to the query: why suicide? A reliable coding system was developed that captured 7 distinct response types to the prompt, namely, suicide was seen as: the easy way out, a permanent solution, an escape from pain, the only option, self-oriented, related to hopelessness, […]

Life After Near Death: What Interventions Work for a Suicide Survivor?

This articles addresses what is known about the psychiatry of suicide survivors – suicide motives & methods, clinical management, & short- & long-term outcomes – from the perspective that suicidality in this population may be a trait, with suicide attempt or deliberate self-harm as its state-driven manifestations. When viewed in this manner, it is not […]

Suicide Terrorism (IN: Assessment, Treatment, and Prevention of Suicidal Behavior, edited by R I Yufit & D Lester)

This chapter discusses suicide terrorism, first looking at this phenomenon in various cultures. The prevalence of suicide terrorist attacks is discussed next, followed by a profile of suicide terrorists including information on demographic characteristics, religion, revenge for personal suffering, & personality factors & psychopathology. The main elements that prepare an individual for suicide terrorism are […]

Commentary: Homicide-Suicide in Older Adults – Cultural and Contextual Perspectives

The authors comment on Bourget et al’s (2010) article on domestic homicide-suicide & older offenders. The authors comment on the ubiquity of single homicide-suicide across cultures, the incidence of single homicide-suicide in various cultures, the common patterns & differences in single homicide-suicides across cultures, ethnic & gender differences in single homicide-suicide within different cultures, characteristics […]

Myths About Suicide

This book has three main chapters, one on the suicidal mind, one on suicidal behaviours, and the last on causes, consequences, & subpopulations. In each chapter, the author describes a number of myths & misunderstood topics, & then dispels or explains them.

Suicide and the Creative Arts

This edited book includes 22 chapters on suicide & the creative arts. Part 1 examines suicide in painting & the traditional visual arts. Part 2 is on the depiction of suicide in the movies. Suicide in literature is discussed in Part 3. Part 4 looks at understanding suicide through the arts & Part 5 is […]

Suicide Postvention for law Enforcement Personnel (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

This chapter focusses on postvention. Postvention services include play therapy for children, professional supportive counselling for individuals most affected, professional psychoeducational group counselling, & peer counselling. Specific postvention procedures are presented. JA

Relational Hopes: a Study of the Lived Experience of Hope in Some Patients Hospitalized for Intentional Self-Harm

The aim of this study was to interpret the lived experience of hope in some patients hospitalized for intentional self-harm. 12 persons that had engaged in suicidal behaviour by overdosing on medications were interviewed shortly after hospitalization & asked to narrate about their hopes. Transcripts were analyzed using a phenomenological hermeneutic method inspired by Ricouer’s […]