Increase in suicide mortality in the United States, 1999-2018

Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death for all ages in the United States (1). Suicide is a major contributor to premature mortality as it ranks as the second leading cause of death for ages 10-34 and the fourth leading cause for ages 35-54 (1). Despite national goals to lower the suicide rate (2), […]

The burden of premature mortality related to suicidein West Azerbaijan from 2014 to 2016: A death registry system-based study

Background: Examining the premature death rate represents the first step in estimating the overall burden of disease, reflecting a full picture of how different causes affect population health and providing a way of monitoring and evaluating population health. Aims: This study was conducted to assess the burden of premature mortality from suicides in West Azerbaijan […]

Surveillance for violent deaths: National Violent Death Reporting System, 48 states, the District of Colombia, and Puerto Rico, 2020

Problem/Condition: In 2020, approximately 71,000 persons died of violence-related injuries in the United States. This report summarizes data from CDC’s National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) on violent deaths that occurred in 48 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico in 2020. Results are reported by sex, age group, race and ethnicity, method of injury, […]

Can we rely on suicide mortality data?

Accuracy in suicide statistics is expected to influence research results, policy-making in public health and mental health, and planning and funding of prevention strategies. In turn, community awareness and support services also depend on reliable reporting. Profiling the size of the suicide phenomenon and the related costs is extremely important for addressing the needs of […]

Australia revises its mortality data on suicide

The accuracy of suicide statistics is far from being just an obsession for epidemiologists: It directly influences policy-making in mental and public health, planning and funding of preventative strategies,  and research reports. Community awareness and support services depend on reliable reporting, and determining the extent and costs of suicide is important for combating stigma and […]

Mortality among First Nations people, 2006 to 2016

Background First Nations people were reported to have a shorter life expectancy and were more likely than their non-Indigenous counterparts to die prematurely from avoidable causes. Methods Using the 2006 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC), the number and rates of deaths for a 10-year follow-up period for on- and off reserve First Nations […]

Escalating costs of self-injury mortality in the 21st century United States: An interstate observational study

Background Estimating the economic costs of self-injury mortality (SIM) can inform health planning and clinical and public health interventions, serve as a basis for their evaluation, and provide the foundation for broadly disseminating evidence-based policies and practices. SIM is operationalized as a composite of all registered suicides at any age, and 80% of drug overdose […]

Veteran suicide mortality in Canada from 1976 to 2012

Introduction: Suicide prevention for Veterans is a public health priority. However, it has been challenging to study suicide in Canadian Veterans post-release from the military. Th e Veteran Suicide Mortality Study (VSMS)  has assembled data on the risk of death by suicide for Canadian Veterans compared to other Canadians. Methods: This was a record linkage […]

County-level estimates of suicide mortality in the USA: A modelling study

Background Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in the USA and population risk prediction models can inform decisions on the type, location, and timing of public health interventions. We aimed to develop a prediction model to estimate county-level suicide risk in the USA using population characteristics. Methods We obtained data on all […]

Are we undercounting the true burden of mortality related to suicide, alcohol use, or drug use? An analysis using death certificate data from Colorado veterans

Knowledge regarding deaths due to suicide or alcohol- or drug-related causes may be limited by inconsistent and/or restrictive case definitions, resulting in concerns regarding validity of findings and underestimates of burden. In this proof-of-concept study, we assessed varying case definitions (suicide, alcohol-related, and drug-related mortality using underlying-cause-of-death (UCOD) versus multiple-cause-of-death (MCOD) International Classification of Diseases, Tenth […]

Differences in all-cause and cause-specific mortality due to external causes and suicide between young adult refugees, non-refugee immigrants and Swedish-born young adults: The role of education and migration-related factors

Background International migration has increased during the past years and little is known about the mortality of young adult immigrants and refugees that came to Sweden as children. This study aimed to investigate 1) the risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality in young accompanied and unaccompanied refugees and non-refugee immigrants compared to Swedish born individuals; […]

Recent increases in injury mortality among children and adolescents aged 10-19 years in the United States: 1999-2016

Objectives—This report presents numbers of injury deaths and death rates for children and adolescents aged 10–19 years in the United States for 1999–2016. Numbers and rates are presented by sex for 1999– 2016, by injury intent (e.g., unintentional, suicide, and homicide) and method (e.g., motor vehicle traffic, firearms, and suffocation). Numbers and rates of death […]

Worldwide suicide mortality trends by firearm (1990–2019): A joinpoint regression analysis

Introduction Suicide by firearm is a major public health problem in many countries. But, studies that investigated the mortality of suicide by firearm on a global scale are still limited. The aim of this study was to assess the global, regional and national trends in mortality of suicide by firearm from 1990 to 2019. Method […]

2020 Report on suicide mortality in the Canadian Armed Forces (1995 to 2019): Surgeon General Report

Introduction: Each death from suicide is tragic. Suicide prevention is an important public health concern and is a top priority for the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). In order to better understand suicide in the CAF and refine ongoing suicide prevention efforts, the Canadian Forces Health Services annually examine suicide rates and the relationship between suicide, deployment […]

Changes over time in means of suicide in Canada: An analysis of mortality data from 1981 to 2018

BACKGROUND: Ongoing surveillance of the means of suicide is necessary for effective prevention. We examined how mortality rates owing to different means of suicide changed in Canada from 1981 to 2018. METHODS: We obtained data from 1981 to 2018 on suicide deaths of individuals aged 10 years and older, from the Canadian Vital Statistics Death Database. We […]

Suicide, homicide, and all-cause mortality among transgender and cisgender patients in the Veterans Health Administration

Purpose: This study examines the differences in suicide, homicide, and all-cause mortality between transgender and cisgender Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients. Methods: VHA electronic medical record data from October 1, 1999 to December 31, 2016 were used to create a sample of transgender and cisgender patients (n = 32,441). Cox proportional hazard regression was used to evaluate differences in […]

Life expectancy and mortality rates in the United States, 1959-2017

Objective  To examine vital statistics and review the history of changes in US life expectancy and increasing mortality rates; and to identify potential contributing factors, drawing insights from current literature and an analysis of state-level trends. Evidence  Life expectancy data for 1959-2016 and cause-specific mortality rates for 1999-2017 were obtained from the US Mortality Database and CDC […]

Mortality in the United States from self-injury surpasses diabetes: A prevention imperative

This report uses an enhanced conceptualisation of self-injury mortality (SIM), which comprised registered or known suicides by any method and estimated non-suicide deaths from opioid and other drug self-intoxication. SIM surpassed diabetes as a cause of death in the USA in 2015. The gap expanded in 2016 with respective rates of 29.1 and 24.8 per […]

Deaths due to use of lethal force by law enforcement: Findings from the National Violent Death Reporting System, 17 U.S. States, 2009-2012.

INTRODUCTION: Several high-profile cases in the U.S. have drawn public attention to the use of lethal force by law enforcement (LE), yet research on such fatalities is limited. Using data from a public health surveillance system, this study examined the characteristics and circumstances of these violent deaths to inform prevention. METHODS: All fatalities (N=812) resulting […]

Differing procedures for recording mortality statistics in Scandinavia.

Abstract. Background: There may be various reasons for differences in suicide rates between countries and over time within a country. One reason can be different registration practices. Aims: The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the present procedures for mortality and suicide registration in the three Scandinavian countries and to illustrate potential […]

Association of self-reported impulsivity to nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidality, and mortality in adolescent psychiatric inpatients.

This study examines the association of self-reported impulsivity to nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and completed suicides in a clinical sample of 508 Finnish adolescents (aged 12–17) treated in psychiatric inpatient care between April 2001 and March 2006. The Schedule for Affective Disorder and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Present and Lifetime interview was used […]

Mortality and morbidity in the 21st century: Conference version.

We build on and extend the findings in Case and Deaton (2015a) on increases in mortality and morbidity among white non-Hispanic Americans in midlife since the turn of the century. Increases in all-cause mortality continued unabated to 2015, with additional increases in drug overdoses, suicides, and alcoholic-related liver mortality, particularly among those with a high-school […]

Trade liberalization and mortality: Evidence from U.S. counties.

Investigation of the impact of a large economic shock on mortality. We find that counties more exposed to a  plausibly exogenous trade liberalization exhibit higher rates of suicide and related cases of death, concentrated among whites, especially white males. these trends are consistent with our finding that more-exposed counties experience relative declines in manufacturing employment, […]