Assignment of suicidal risk using Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory-2 restructured form

Background Suicide is a major social issue, affected by both social and psychopathological factors. This study investigated suicide risk assessment using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF). Methods Data were collected from 7824 college students using the MMPI-2-RF. The participants were classified into high-, moderate-, and low-risk for suicide groups based on their […]

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventories (MMPI/MMPI-2, MMPI-A) and Suicide (IN: Assessment, Treatment, and Prevention of Suicidal Behavior, edited by R I Yufit & D Lester)

This chapter begins with an overview of the difficulties inherent in using a personality measure to predict suicide, followed by a review of the extensive Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory that was targeted towards that objective. Next, information is provided on new items that were included on the MMPI-2 & the MMPI-A that are of potential […]

The Utility of MMPI-2 Suicide Items for Assessing Suicidal Potential: Development of a Suicidal Potential Scale


MMPI-A Patterns Related to the Endorsement of Suicidal Ideation


MMPI-A Structural Summary Variables: Prevalence and Correlates in an Adolescent Inpatient Psychiatric Sample


Empirical Correlates of Common MMPI-2 Two-point Codes in Male Psychiatric Inpatients


Correlates of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5) Scales in a Forensic Assessment Setting


Self-Blame, Social Introversion, and Male Suicides: Prospective Data From a Longitudinal Study


Assessment of Suicidal Ideation in Young men and Women: the Incremental Validity of the MMPI-2 Content Scales

This study of 139 women & 75 men investigated the incremental validity of the MMPI-2 in assessing suicidal ideation by examining the unique contribution of the 15 content scales beyond what is provided by the 13 basic validity & clinical scales. A multivariate analysis of variance resulted in a significant difference on the validity, clinical, […]

Excitor-Inhibitor Scales of the MMPI and Choice of Method for Suicide: a Pilot Study

The author compared 14 completed suicides by gun with 8 by barbituates or carbon maonoxied in order to compare levels of impulsivity and anger. Scores were compared using the excitor MMPI scale versus the inhibitor MMPI scale. The two groups did no differ in which trype of scale was the highest in the profile, and […]

Subtypes of Incarcerated Delinquents Constructed via Cluster Analysis

The Role of Objective Personality Inventories in Suicide Risk Assessment: an Evaluation and Proposal

This article reviews the research on the efficacy of selected personality inventories in predicting suicidality, including the: California Psychological Inventory, Edwards Personal Preference Schedule, Eysenck Personality Tests, Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (I-III), MMPI, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, 16 Personality Factor Test, Neuroticism, Extroversion, Openness Personality Inventory, & Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire. Recommendations & conclusions are discussed. (99 […]

Clinical Utility of the MMPI-A Content Scales and Harris-Lingoes Subscales in the Assessment of Suicidal Risk Factors in Psychiatric Adolescents

This study investigated the clinical utility of the MMPI-A in assessing suicidal risk factors by examining the unique contribution of the content scales & Harris-Lingoes subscales. 143 adolescent inpatients were studied. The results of this study support continuing emphasis being given to the role of depression, home & school problems, substance use, sexual activity, hostility, […]

Assessment of Suicidal Risk Among Adolescents (IN: Testing Adolescents: a Reference Guide for Comprehensive Psychological Assessments, edited by R G Harrington)

Adolescent suicide referrals originate from a variety of sources. This chapter introduces major assessment issues. The assessment strategies discussed include biographical & psychological data, the clinical interview, formal psychological assessments, & instrumentation specifically designed to assess suicidal risk. A multidimensional approach is presented. Case examples demonstrate applications of assessment procedures in a crisis situation & […]

Ictal and Psychiatric Aspects of Suicide in Epileptic Patients

The goal of this study was to evaluate the ictal & psychiatric aspects underlying the high risk of suicide among epileptic patients (EP). In our sample, there were 4 EP who died by suicide & all 4 had partial complex seizures & temporal lobe foci. Further analysis of our findings suggest that the high suicide […]

The Impact of Response Frequency on the Rorschach Constellation Indices and on Their Validity With Diagnostic and MMPI-2 Criteria

The findings reported in this article highlight the significant impact response frequency (R) has on other Rorschach scores & on the Rorschach’s relationship to external criteria. The data also underscore the need for examiners to be sentiviely attuned to the dynamics of the patient & testing relationship to understand what factors cause R to vary. […]

Personality Assessment in Suicide Prediction (IN: Assessment and Prediction of Suicide, edited by R W Maris et al)

The usefulness of personality assessments in the evaluation of suicide risk are examined. A review of the research related to using the Rorschach, the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), & the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) in the assessment of suicidality. A case illustration shows how a battery of psychological tests can be used to identify […]

Attempted Suicide Among Adolescents: a Stepwise Discriminant Analysis

A sample of 40 adolescents, (mean age=14.8 years), 20 of whom had attempted suicide & 20 who had not, were compared on a number of life history & psychological variables (affective & cognitive). Stepwise discriminant analyses produced one discriminant function (Wilk’s Lambda=0.23; p

Utility of the MCMI-II in Assessing Suicide Risk

The MCMI-II profiles of 40 psychiatric inpatients admitted for suicidal ideation & 40 patients admitted for a suicide attempts were compared. Results indicate very few differences between the 2 groups; however, suicide attempters scored higher on desirability, while patients experiencing suicidal ideation were higher in passive-aggressive, self-defeating, boderline, dysthymia, & debasement levels. Findings are discussed […]

MMPI Characteristics of Drug Abusers With and Without Histories of Suicide Attempts

This study found that, compared to drug addicts without histories of suicide attempts, drug addicts who had attempted suicide were characterized by higher levels of maladjustment- particularly in the areas of depression, feelings of alienation, & use of projection & externalization- & were emotionally withdrawn. The results of the MMPI, as well as statistics on […]

Personality Patterns of Suicidal Mental Hospital Patients (IN: Basic Readings on the MMPI, ed. by G Welsh and W G Dahlstrom)

In this study, the results of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory on both non-suicidal & suicidal patients from a veterans mental hospital is analyzed. The suicidal group was further broken down into those who had attempted suicide & those who had threatened suicide. The authors found that the group who threatened suicide were the most […]

Personality Assessment in Suicide Prediction (IN: Assessment and Prediction of Suicide – a Special Issue of SLTB)

This article describes the various personality assessment tests used to evaluate suicide risk, including the Rorscharch, the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), & the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). A case history is also presented. The authors conclude that the tests are not particularly useful for assessing immediate risk, but may help discover suicidal tendencies. They […]

Clinical Utility of the MMPI in the Evaluation of Adolescent Suicide Attempters

MMPI profiles of female adolescents hospitalized following a suicide attempt were compared to a control group of medically hospitalized, female adolescents referred for psychiatric evaluation. Suicide attempters had only a lower score on the K scale when compared to the control group. Results do not suggest that a single MMPI profile differentiates suicide attempters from […]