The impact of trauma, substance abuse, and psychiatric illness on suicidal and self-harm behaviours in a cohort of migrant detainees: An observational, prospective study

Background:
According to the WHO, detainees attempt suicide ten times more than the general population.
Aims:
To investigate the impact of migration trauma on Suicidal and Self-Harm Behaviours (SSHB) of migrants in jail and to explore how substance use and other psychiatric features affect this relationship.
Methods:
Prospective cohort study,[…]

Substance use, affective symptoms, and suicidal ideation among Russian, Somali, and Kurdish migrants in Finland

Comorbidity of substance use with affective symptoms and suicidality has been well documented in the general population. However, population-based migrant studies about this association are scarce. We examined the association of affective symptoms and suicidal ideation with binge drinking, daily smoking, and lifetime cannabis use among Russian, Somali, and Kurdish migrants in comparison with the[…]

Risk of suicide attempt and suicide in young adult refugees compared to their Swedish-born peers: A register-based cohort study

Purpose
Refugees, especially minors, who often have experienced traumatic events, are a vulnerable group regarding poor mental health. Little is known, however, of their risk of suicidal behaviour as young adults. We aimed to investigate the risk of suicidal behaviour for young adult refugees who migrated as minors. The moderating role of education and[…]

Nonfatal suicidal behaviors of Chinese rural-to-urban migrant workers: Attitude toward suicide matters

Objective
To examine the attitude toward suicide (ATS) and its influence on nonfatal suicidal behaviors of Chinese rural‐to‐urban migrant workers (MWs).
Method
Altogether, 3031 MWs completed the positive ATS Scale and structured questions regarding lifetime suicide ideation, plan, and attempt. Mental health help‐seeking behaviors of MWs were also investigated.
Results
[…]

Sex-Specific Impact of Socio-Economic Factors on Suicide Risk: a Population-Based Case-Control Study in Denmark

Using Danish population registration data including 15,648 suicides & matched population controls, the authors investigated the association of multiple socioeconomic factors with suicide risk & explored the gender-specific aspects of these associations. Conditional logistic regressional models were used. Socioeconomic status, proxied by low income, unskilled blue-collar work, non-specific wage work, & unemployment increased suicide risk[…]

The Evolution of Epidemic Suicide on Guam: Context and Contagion

30 years of suicide rates for Guam were analyzed by age, gender, period, & cohort. Youth suicide increased rapidly in the 1990s; certain cohorts have higher rates. 4 explanatory factors are discussed, including ecological factors & migration from the Federated States of Micronesia. Direct & indirect suicide contagion followed the suicide of a respected politician,[…]

Immigration and Suicidal Behavior Among Mexicans and Mexican Americans

Migration to the United States was examined as a risk factor for suicidal behaviour among people of Mexican origin. Data was pooled from 2 nationally representative surveys in the United States & Mexico. Discrete time survival models were used to account for time-varying & time-invariant characteristics, including psychiatric disorders. Risk for suicide ideation was higher[…]

Immigration and Suicidality in the Young

This review aimed to present studies of the prevalence of suicidal behaviour in immigrant youth in various countries & to provide possible explanations for suicidal behaviour in these youth, especially regarding acculturation. There are few studies & most of the research does not differentiate ethnic minorities from immigrants. The relation between immigration status & suicidal[…]

Living in a Maze: Health, Well-Being and Coping in Young non-Western men in Scandinavia Experiencing Substance Abuse and Suicidal Behaviour

This study examined & interpreted the lived experiences of emigration, substance abuse, & suicidal behaviour in young non-Western men in Scandinavia. Data were collected in open-ended interviews & a phenomenological hermeneutic approach was used to analyse the data. Structural analysis identified 3 themes: the meaning of getting in a tight spot; the meaning of being[…]

Socio-Economic Differences in Suicide Risk Vary by sex: a Population-Based Case-Control Study of 18-65 Year Olds in Denmark

Development Research Working Paper Series #05/2008