Global migration: Moral, political and mental health challenges

Global migration is expected to continue to increase as climate change, conflict and economic disparities continue to challenge peoples’ lives. The political response to migration is a social determinant of mental health. Despite the potential benefits of migration, many migrants and refugees face significant challenges after they resettle. The papers collected in this thematic issue […]

Suicide ideation, suicide plan, and suicide attempt among left-behind children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Objective There are an increasing number of studies that discussed suicide ideation (SI), suicide plan (SP), and suicide attempt (SA) among left-behind children (LBC). However, the prevalence of these indicators of LBC has not been synthesized and the true correlation between these indicators and left-behind status remains unclear. Methods Electronic databases were comprehensively searched, and […]

Entrapment and escape: Exploring the relationship between suicide and emigration in a post-communist country

Background: Suicide rate in Hungary was nearly the highest in the world in the decades preceding the transition of the social system. Shortly after the transition in 1989, a radical decrease in fatal suicides occurred, parallel with a marked increase in emigration. Methods: We analyzed the data published by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office to detect if […]

The impact of trauma, substance abuse, and psychiatric illness on suicidal and self-harm behaviours in a cohort of migrant detainees: An observational, prospective study

Background: According to the WHO, detainees attempt suicide ten times more than the general population. Aims: To investigate the impact of migration trauma on Suicidal and Self-Harm Behaviours (SSHB) of migrants in jail and to explore how substance use and other psychiatric features affect this relationship. Methods: Prospective cohort study, conducted at the ‘Sant’Anna’ jail […]

Substance use, affective symptoms, and suicidal ideation among Russian, Somali, and Kurdish migrants in Finland

Comorbidity of substance use with affective symptoms and suicidality has been well documented in the general population. However, population-based migrant studies about this association are scarce. We examined the association of affective symptoms and suicidal ideation with binge drinking, daily smoking, and lifetime cannabis use among Russian, Somali, and Kurdish migrants in comparison with the […]

Risk of suicide attempt and suicide in young adult refugees compared to their Swedish-born peers: A register-based cohort study

Purpose Refugees, especially minors, who often have experienced traumatic events, are a vulnerable group regarding poor mental health. Little is known, however, of their risk of suicidal behaviour as young adults. We aimed to investigate the risk of suicidal behaviour for young adult refugees who migrated as minors. The moderating role of education and history […]

Nonfatal suicidal behaviors of Chinese rural-to-urban migrant workers: Attitude toward suicide matters

Objective To examine the attitude toward suicide (ATS) and its influence on nonfatal suicidal behaviors of Chinese rural‐to‐urban migrant workers (MWs). Method Altogether, 3031 MWs completed the positive ATS Scale and structured questions regarding lifetime suicide ideation, plan, and attempt. Mental health help‐seeking behaviors of MWs were also investigated. Results Overall, MWs held a more […]

Sex-Specific Impact of Socio-Economic Factors on Suicide Risk: a Population-Based Case-Control Study in Denmark

Using Danish population registration data including 15,648 suicides & matched population controls, the authors investigated the association of multiple socioeconomic factors with suicide risk & explored the gender-specific aspects of these associations. Conditional logistic regressional models were used. Socioeconomic status, proxied by low income, unskilled blue-collar work, non-specific wage work, & unemployment increased suicide risk […]

Socio-Economic Differences in Suicide Risk Vary by sex: a Population-Based Case-Control Study of 18-65 Year Olds in Denmark

Development Research Working Paper Series #05/2008

Constructing a Social Problem: Suicide, Acculturation, and the Hmong

Between September 1998-May 2001, 8 Hmong teenagers died by suicide in 1 urban community. Newspaper accounts attempted to establish the suicides as the outgrowth of problems brought about by the Hmong immigration to the United States. In-depth interviews were conducted with individuals either directly familiar with the events or positioned to provide the best information […]

Suicidal Ideation and Distress Among Immigrant Adolescents: the Role of Acculturation, Life Stress, and Social Support

Measures of acculturative & general life stress & a measure of multiple sources of social support were used to predict psychological distress & suicide ideation among Korean-born high school students residing in the United States. Students who were sojourning without both parents were compared to students who immigrated with both parents, students who remained in […]

Suicidal Behaviour in National and International Adult Adoptees: a Swedish Cohort Study

6065 international adoptees were compared to 7340 national adoptees & 1274312 non-adopted study subjects, all born between 1963-1973, & followed-up until 2002. Cox regression of person years was used in multivariate analyses to compare risks for suicide & suicide attempt. International adoptees had clearly increased risks for suicide attempts & suicide after adjustment for gender, […]

Characteristics of Suicidal Behavior in a Turkish Sample

The sociodemographic & clinical characteristics of 144 suicide attempters admitted to a Turkish emergency clinic were examined. All patients were interviewed by a consultant psychiatrist. The majority of suicide attempters were females, characterised by low educational status & low religious orientation. Drug overdose was the most common method of attempt & conflict within the family […]

The Evolution of Epidemic Suicide on Guam: Context and Contagion

30 years of suicide rates for Guam were analyzed by age, gender, period, & cohort. Youth suicide increased rapidly in the 1990s; certain cohorts have higher rates. 4 explanatory factors are discussed, including ecological factors & migration from the Federated States of Micronesia. Direct & indirect suicide contagion followed the suicide of a respected politician, […]

Immigration and Suicidal Behavior Among Mexicans and Mexican Americans

Migration to the United States was examined as a risk factor for suicidal behaviour among people of Mexican origin. Data was pooled from 2 nationally representative surveys in the United States & Mexico. Discrete time survival models were used to account for time-varying & time-invariant characteristics, including psychiatric disorders. Risk for suicide ideation was higher […]

Immigration and Suicidality in the Young

This review aimed to present studies of the prevalence of suicidal behaviour in immigrant youth in various countries & to provide possible explanations for suicidal behaviour in these youth, especially regarding acculturation. There are few studies & most of the research does not differentiate ethnic minorities from immigrants. The relation between immigration status & suicidal […]

Living in a Maze: Health, Well-Being and Coping in Young non-Western men in Scandinavia Experiencing Substance Abuse and Suicidal Behaviour

This study examined & interpreted the lived experiences of emigration, substance abuse, & suicidal behaviour in young non-Western men in Scandinavia. Data were collected in open-ended interviews & a phenomenological hermeneutic approach was used to analyse the data. Structural analysis identified 3 themes: the meaning of getting in a tight spot; the meaning of being […]

Suicidal Ideation in Ethnic Minority and Majority Adolescents in Utrecht, The Netherlands

The prevalence & vulnerability to suicide ideation was investigated across several ethnic minority versus ethnic majority adolesents in Utrecht, The Netherlands. Levels of suicide ideation among adolescents of Turkish background were significantly higher than in both majority & other minority adolescents. These adolescents reported they did not enjoy being at home with their families. Psychological […]

Suicide in Rural Areas (In: Suicide: Strategies and Interventions for Reduction and Prevention, ed. by S Palmer)


A Re-Examination of the Suicide Rates in Taiwan


Perceptions of Mental Health Among Recently Immigrated Mexican Adolescents

This study explored the health-related perceptions of Mexican-origin immigrant adolescents to inform the design of culturally & developmentally appropriate mental health services. This focused ethnography was guided by Bronfenbrenner’s ecological framework & symbolic interactionism. 14 adolescents were recruited from 2 non-health based community settings. 3 thematic categories were delineated: mentally healthy, mentally unhealthy, & promoting […]

Trends and Disparities in Socioeconomic and Behavioural Characteristics, Life Expectancy, and Cause-Specific Mortality of Native-Born and Foreign-Born Populations in the United States, 1979-2003

Trends in social & behavioural characteristics, life expectancy, & mortality patterns of immigrants & American-born citizens from 1979-2003 were analyzed. National mortality & census data were used to examine nativity differentials over time in health & social characteristics. Nativity differentials in mortality increased over time for major cancers, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, respiratory diseases, unintentional injuries, […]

Correlates of Suicidal Behaviors Among Asian Americans

This study examines the correlates of suicide ideation, suicide plan, & suicide attempt among Asian Americans, focusing on nativity & gender. The sample comprised 998 adult men & 1,097 adult women. Analysis of weighted lifetime prevalence of suicidal behaviours revealed that United States-born Asian American women had a higher prevalence of suicide ideation & suicide […]