Theory of mind and suicidality: A meta-analysis

Objective: Disturbances in interpersonal functioning are prevalent in individuals with suicidality. Foundational for interpersonal functioning is theory of mind (ToM), a social-cognitive ability that allows individuals to understand the thoughts and feelings of others. Recent work has begun to investigate ToM performance in individuals with suicidality, though no review has quantitatively aggregated findings from these varied […]

Understanding the development of bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder in young people: A meta-review of systematic reviews

Background: There is ongoing debate on the nosological position of bipolar disorder (BD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD). Identifying the unique and shared risks, developmental pathways, and symptoms in emerging BD and BPD could help the field refine aetiological hypotheses and improve the prediction of the onset of these disorders. This study aimed to: (a) systematically […]

The impact of physical pain on suicidal thoughts and behaviors: Meta-analyses

Although the relationship between physical pain and suicidal thoughts and behaviors has been explored in multiple epidemiologic and clinical studies, it is still far from being well understood. Consequently, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in individuals with and without physical pain. We searched MEDLINE and PsycINFO (May […]

The effectiveness of the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) compared to alternative treatment conditions: A meta-analysis

Introduction This meta-analysis aimed to test the efficacy of the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) intervention against other commonly used interventions for the treatment of suicide ideation and other suicide-related variables. Method Database, expert, and root and branch searches identified nine empirical studies that directly compared CAMS to other active interventions. A random […]

Effects of lithium on suicide and suicidal behaviour: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials

Aims: Lithium has long been believed to reduce the risk of suicide and suicidal behaviour in people with mood disorders. Previous meta-analyses appeared to support this belief, but excluded relevant data due to the difficulty of conducting meta-analysis of rare events. The current study is an updated systematic review and meta-analysis that includes all eligible […]

The impact of patient suicide on doctors and nurses: A critical interpretive meta-synthesis

Objective To provide a conceptual overview of how medical doctors and nurses experience patient suicide. Method A systematic search identified ten qualitative papers for this interpretive meta-synthesis. Constructs were elicited and synthesized via reciprocal translational analysis. Results Findings comprised four inter-related themes: (1) Intrinsic but taboo: patient suicide perceived as inevitable yet difficult to discuss. […]

The effects of mindfulness-based interventions on suicide outcomes: A meta-analysis

Although mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been shown to be effective in treating several psychological difficulties, to date, no review has systematically examined their effectiveness in treating or preventing suicide. The goals of the present study were to (1) evaluate the effectiveness of MBIs in treating suicide and (2) understand how individual characteristics and characteristics of […]

Prevalence of suicide in immigrants/refugees: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Objective In recent years, there has been an increase in immigrant populations worldwide. This study aims to present the global prevalence of suicide between immigrants and refugees as well as to report the prevalence of suicide ideation, suicide mortality, suicide attempts, and plan of suicide. Method Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA’s) […]

Safety planning-type interventions for suicide prevention: Meta-analysis

Background: Safety planning-type interventions (SPTIs) for patients at risk of suicide are often used in clinical practice, but it is unclear whether these interventions are effective. Aims: This article reports on a meta-analysis of studies that have evaluated the effectiveness of SPTIs in reducing suicidal behaviour and ideation. Method: We searched Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web […]

Meta-analysis of suicide rates among people discharged from non-psychiatric settings after presentation with suicidal thoughts or behaviours

Objective: To quantify the suicide rate among people discharged from non-psychiatric settings after presentations with suicidal thoughts or behaviours. Method: Meta-analysis of studies reporting suicide deaths among people with suicidal thoughts or behaviours after discharge from emergency departments or the medical or surgical wards of general hospitals. Results: A total of 115 studies reported 167 cohorts and 3747 […]

School-based interventions for preventing substance use in indigenous children ages 7–13: A scoping review protocol

Introduction Throughout the world, indigenous peoples share traumatic colonial experiences that have caused gross inequalities for them and continue to impact every aspect of their lives. The effect of intergenerational trauma and other health disparities have been remarkable for Indigenous children and adolescents, who are at a greater risk of adverse mental health and addiction outcomes […]

Prevalence and correlates of suicide and nonsuicidal self-injury in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Objective: To assess prevalence estimates of preadolescent SITBs, identify correlates of these outcomes, and conduct head-to-head comparisons of preadolescent and adolescent SITBs in terms of associated characteristics. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Embase were systematically searched from inception through December 23, 2021, for studies on the prevalence and correlates of preadolescent SITBs. The search was […]

Systematic review and meta-analysis: First Nations, Inuit, and Metis youth mental health

Objective The ongoing effects of colonialism disproportionately place Indigenous youth at risk for mental health challenges. This meta-analysis examined lifetime and past-year prevalence estimates of mental health challenges among First Nations, Inuit, and Métis youth in Canada. Method Five electronic databases were searched from their inceptions until June 17, 2021. Studies were included if they […]

Prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among refugees: A meta‑analysis

Background Suicidal ideation and attempts are one of the most serious mental health problems affecting refugees. Risk factors such as mental disorders, low socio-economic status, and stressful life events all contribute to making refugees a high-risk group. For this reason, this meta-analysis aims to investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts among refugees in […]

Depression and suicidal behavior in South Asia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Background: Estimates of depression in suicidal behavior in South Asia would help to formulate suicide prevention strategies in the region that hasn’t been assessed yet. Objectives: We aimed to systematically assess the prevalence of depression in fatal and non-fatal attempts of suicide in eight South Asian countries. Methods: We searched Medline, Embase, and PsychINFO by […]

Caring contacts for suicide prevention: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Caring Contacts (CC), a low-cost intervention originally designed and tested by Jerome Motto in 1976, remains one of the few strategies to demonstrate efficacy in the prevention of suicide deaths. Interest in CC has increased steadily over the last several years in tandem with rising U.S. suicide rates and the acceleration of suicide prevention initiatives. […]

Suicide death rate after disasters: A meta-analysis study

Background Disasters have undesirable effects on health among individuals such as psychosocial disorders which may lead lead to suicide in some cases. Thus, the present study aimed to measure the rate of suicide death after disasters all over the world. Methods In the present meta-analysis study, all of the articles published in English until the […]

Association of music interventions with health-related quality of life: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Importance  Increasing evidence supports the ability of music to broadly promote well-being and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, the magnitude of music’s positive association with HRQOL is still unclear, particularly relative to established interventions, limiting inclusion of music interventions in health policy and care. Objective  To synthesize results of studies investigating outcomes of music interventions in […]

Research review: The effect of school-based suicide prevention on suicidal ideation and suicide attempts and the role of intervention and contextual factors among adolescents: A meta-analysis and meta-regression

Background: Globally, suicide is the fourth highest cause of adolescent mortality (Suicide: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/suicide). The effects of post-primary school-based suicide prevention (PSSP) on adolescent suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STBs) have not been comprehensively synthesised. We aim to estimate the population effect for PSSP interventions on adolescent STBs and explore how intervention effects vary based on intervention and […]

Predictors of suicidal ideation, suicide attempt and suicide death among people with major depressive disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies

This meta-analysis examined the predictors of suicide-related behaviors by three different outcomes which was suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and suicide death. Twenty-nine predictors (ten for suicidal ideation, thirteen for suicide attempts and six for suicide death) from 24 cohort studies covering 954,822 participants with major depressive disorders were identified in this study. Previous suicidal behaviors were […]

Associations between minority stress, depression, and suicidal ideation and attempts in transgender and gender diverse (TGD) individuals: Systematic review and meta-analysis

Minority stress theory posits that transgender and gender diverse (TGD) individuals exhibit greater rates of depression and suicidality due to internal (proximal) and external (distal) stressors related to their TGD identity. Yet, the magnitude of the relationship between minority stress processes and mental health outcomes has not been quantitatively summarized. The current research meta-analyzed the relationship between […]

Suicide prevention using self-guided digital interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Background Digital interventions that deliver psychological self-help provide the opportunity to reach individuals at risk of suicide who do not access traditional health services. Our primary objective was to test whether direct (targeting suicidality) and indirect (targeting depression) digital interventions are effective in reducing suicidal ideation and behaviours, and our secondary analyses assessed whether direct interventions were […]

Lithium treatment of bipolar disorder in adults: A systematic review of randomized trials and meta-analyses

The aim of the study was to systematically review the hard evidence alone, concerning lithium efficacy separately for the phases and clinical facets of Bipolar disorder (BD). The PRISMA method was followed to search the MEDLINE for Randomized Controlled trials, Post-hoc analyses and Meta-analyses and review papers up to August 1st 2020, with the combination […]