Mental disorders and access to mental health care

Using data from the 2022 Mental Health and Access to Care Survey, this article provides updated prevalence estimates for some of the most common mental disorders, including mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders. These results are compared to those from the previous 2012 and 2002  Canadian Community Health Survey – Mental Health cycles. The 2022 […]

Factors associated with suicide attempt risk in adolescent inpatient psychiatric care: Toward a practical model

Suicide is an important social and medical problem, particularly among children and adolescents. The aim of the study was to determine the association of the psychiatric diagnosis and selected psychosocial factors with the risk of suicide attempts among patients of an adolescent psychiatric unit. A retrospective analysis was performed on a database of consecutive N = 1311 patients […]

Psychiatric disorders among adult deliberate self-harm patients and subsequent risk of dying by suicide, mental and behavioural disorders and other external causes

Introduction: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) treated in general hospital is a well-established risk factor for suicide and other cause mortality. However, few studies have used population data to investigate the differential impact of specific psychiatric disorders on the risk of subsequent suicide, by sex and age of the patient in the context of previous DSH episodes. Method: All […]

University student mental health: An important window of opportunity for prevention and early intervention

The transition to university marks a critical period for psychological, sociological, and biological development. This is a time when many young people leave home, take on more responsibility for their lifestyle choices (i.e., substance use, sleep schedule) and time management, make new friends, and learn about themselves in a broader sociocultural context; all whilst adjusting […]

Prevalence and associated factors of suicidal behaviors among community-dwelling individuals with serious mental disorders: Shandong Province, China, 2022

What is already known about this topic?Serious mental disorders (SMD) are significant risk factors for suicide, and individuals with SMD are crucial target populations for suicide prevention efforts. While numerous studies have examined the prevalence of suicidal behaviors among psychiatric inpatients, fewer reports have addressed the occurrence of such behaviors in community-based patients. What is […]

Multi-task learning to detect suicide ideation and mental disorders among social media users

Mental disorders and suicide are considered global health problems faced by many countries worldwide. Even though advancements have been made to improve mental wellbeing through research, there is room for improvement. Using Artificial Intelligence to early detect individuals susceptible to mental illness and suicide ideation based on their social media postings is one way to […]

Mental disorders and beyond in the quest to understand suicide: A reply to Joiner and Robison

We reply to the thoughtful commentary by Joiner and Robison (this issue) about the documentary Robin’s Wish. Joiner and Robison suggest that a major depressive episode may have been a proximal cause of Robin Williams’ suicide, but that stigma surrounding mental illness led the documentary to eschew a role for depression. We find this perspective […]

Suicide risk in individuals with and without mental disorders before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: Ana analysis of three nationwide cross-sectional surveys in Czechia

Objective: The impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on suicidal thoughts and behavior has been widely hypothesized but remains largely unexplored at the population-level. We aimed to assess changes in suicide risk (SR) in people with and without mental disorders, before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Czechia. Methods: We analyzed data from three nationwide […]

Robin’s Wish and the complex causal web of death by suicide

The documentary film Robin’s Wish aims to reclaim the media scrutiny around Robin Williams’ death, fixating on causation being solely attributed to a postmortem diagnosis of which Williams was unaware-Lewy Body Dementia. The film and other sources as well defined and animated the view that Williams’ death by suicide was fully a result of this medical condition, […]

Internet-based screening for suicidal ideation in common mental disorders

Background: Common mental disorders have been found to be related to suicidal ideation and behavior. Research in the field of web-based interventions for common mental disorders, however, usually excludes participants with a suicidal risk, although a large proportion of participants might suffer from suicidal ideation. Aims: To investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation in common mental disorders in […]

Lifetime risk of suicidal behaviors and communication to a health professional about suicidal ideation: Results from a large survey of the French adult population

Background: There is presently a lack of information on the role of healthcare in suicidal ideation in adults. Aims: To assess the frequencies, patterns, and factors associated with the communication of suicidal ideation toward a health professional. Methods: Participants stem from a French cross-sectional survey of 22,133 randomly selected adults. Lifetime suicidal behaviors and 12-month mental disorder patterns were assessed […]

Adolescent suicidality as seen in rural northeastern Uganda: Prevalence and risk factors

Background: Suicidal behavior in adolescence is a public health concern and has serious consequences for adolescents and their families. There is, however, a paucity of data on this subject from sub-Saharan Africa, hence the need for this study. Aims: A cross-sectional multistage survey to investigate adolescent suicidality among other things was undertaken in rural northeastern Uganda. Methods: A […]

Simulation training in suicide risk assessment and intervention: A systematic review and meta- analysis

Purpose. Suicide is a major cause of preventable death worldwide. Adequate training in risk assessment and intervention is key to suicide prevention. The use of simulation (role plays, simulated patients, virtual reality…) for practical training is a promising tool in mental health. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of simulation training […]

Suicidal risk and adverse social outcomes in adulthood associated with child and adolescent mental disorders

Objective The life course of children and adolescents with mental disorders is an important area of investigation, yet it remains understudied. This study provides a first-ever comprehensive examination of the relationship between child and adolescent mental disorders and subsequent suicidal and adverse social outcomes in early adulthood using population-based data. Methods De-identified administrative databases were […]

Mental disorders as risk factors for suicidal behavior in young people: A meta-analysis and systematic review of longitudinal studies

Background Suicide is the second leading cause of death for young people. Objective: To assess mental disorders as risk factors for suicidal behaviour among adolescents and young adults including population-based longitudinal studies. Method We conducted a systematic literature review. Bibliographic searches undertaken in five international databases and grey literature sources until January 2017 yielded a […]

Outcomes following suicidal crisis among hazardous and harmful alcohol users in the Crisis Resolution Team

Despite associations between alcohol use and suicidal acts, little research measures prognoses of alcohol-using patients treated by Crisis Resolution Teams (CRTs), an intensive community-based intervention. We estimated the association of alcohol use amongst patients accepted following suicidal acts or ideation in four London-based Crisis Resolution Teams, with death-by-any-cause or recontact with crisis care. We analysed […]

Provincial correctional workers: Suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts

Correctional service workers report stressful work environments that include repeated exposures to potentially psychologically traumatic events (PPTEs), shift work and long working hours, and pervasive unpredictability of threat, which may increase their risk for mental disorders and death by suicide. Correctional workers include all persons employed in the community (e.g., probation and parole officers), institutional […]

Stigma and determinant factors among patients with mental disorders: Institution-based cross-sectional study

Objectives: To assess prevalence and its associated factors of perceived stigma among patients with mental disorders who had appointment for treatment at Debre Markos, Finote Selam, and Felege Hiwot Hospitals, Ethiopia, 2019. Methods: At selected hospitals in the Amhara Region, an institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from 1 February to 1 March 2019. Participants were […]

A longitudinal investigation of non-suicidal self-injury persistence patterns, risk factors, and clinical outcomes during the college period

Background: Although non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is known typically to begin in adolescence, longitudinal information is lacking about patterns, predictors, and clinical outcomes of NSSI persistence among emerging adults. The present study was designed to (1) estimate NSSI persistence during the college period, (2) identify risk factors and high-risk students for NSSI persistence patterns, and (3) evaluate […]

Suicidal risk and impulsivity-related traits among young Argentinean college students during a quarantine of up to 103-day duration: Longitudinal evidence from the COVID-19 pandemic

Aim This study aimed to examine longitudinal changes on suicidal risk levels, adjusting for impulsivity-related traits, quarantine duration, main demographic factors, mental disorder history, and loneliness, in young Argentinean college students with (ideation; attempt) and without suicidal behavior history, during a quarantine of up to 103-day duration of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods A longitudinal design […]

Suicide, opioids, chronic pain, and mental health disorders: A narrative review

Suicide rates are on the rise in the United States as is mortality associated with opioid toxicity. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 7% of opioid overdose deaths are suicide, but this  number may be under-reported. Many people who use opioids or have opioid use disorder, (OUD), may have “passive” intentions […]

Suicide, opioids, chronic pain, and mental health disorders: a narrative review.

Suicide rates are on the rise in the United States as is mortality associated with opioid toxicity. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 7% of opioid overdose deaths are suicide, but this number may be under-reported. Many people who use opioids or have opioid use disorder, (OUD), may have “passive” intentions […]

The influence of personality disorder in predicting suicidal behaviour in common mental disorders: A 30-year study

Two hundred ten patients with anxiety and depressive disorders were followed up over 30 years. Personality status was assessed at baseline using the Personality Assessment Schedule (PAS), an instrument that classifies personality disorder in a similar way to the new ICD-11 classification. Assessments of suicidal behaviour were made at 5, 12 and 30 years and […]